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  • liver
  • The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if there is a difference in patients' quality of recovery if they receive 1 of 2 standard kinds of pain control treatments after surgery on the liver and/or pancreas. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • time
  • Compare time to ambulation, return of bowel function, and readiness for hospital discharge in patients treated with these pain management interventions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Intervention
  • Patients should receive PCA education in the preoperative setting rather than immediately after a surgical intervention, when the ability to process directions may be impaired. (uspharmacist.com)
  • pharmacological
  • Because of the simplicity of the Analgizer and the pharmacological characteristics of methoxyflurane, it was easy for patients to self-administer the drug and rapidly achieve a level of conscious analgesia which could be maintained and adjusted as necessary over a period of time lasting from a few minutes to several hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • adverse
  • When used for labor analgesia, the Analgizer allows labor to progress normally and with no apparent adverse effect on Apgar scores . (wikipedia.org)
  • administration
  • The most common form of patient-controlled analgesia is self-administration of oral over-the-counter or prescription painkillers . (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1968, Robert Wexler of Abbott Laboratories developed the Analgizer, a disposable inhaler that allowed the self-administration of methoxyflurane vapor in air for analgesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results of the study indicated that 79% of CRNAs reported experience in administration of anesthesia to one or more patients who used PCA preoperatively. (druglibrary.org)
  • variability
  • In particular, Ptacek noted that burn patients experiencing more anxiety tended to have higher ratings of pain, while those with larger areas of burns reported more affective pain and greater variability in pain ratings. (clinicaltrials.gov)