• In 2011 it was announced by the Wake Forest School of Medicine that the first bioengineered, functional anal sphincters had been constructed in a laboratory made from muscle and nerve cells, providing a solution for anal incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) "Human cells engineered to make functional anal sphincters in lab", Science Daily. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retrieved 3 feb 2017 "Anal Sphincters", Wake Forest School of Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Explain to patients who ask that chemotherapy designed to shrink anal tumors before primary treatment failed to improve outcomes compared with standard treatment. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This is thought to allow a small amount of rectal contents to descend into the anal canal where specialized mucosa samples whether it is gas, liquid or solid. (wikipedia.org)