• Anacardic acid is the main component of cashew nutshell liquid (CNSL), and finds use in the chemical industry for the production of cardanol, which is used for resins, coatings, and frictional materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fact that 3-propylphenol can be synthesized from anacardic acid, a component of cashew nut shell liquid is of particular interest since most of the areas affected with tsetse flies are suitable for growing cashew plants. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Anacardic acids are phenolic lipids, chemical compounds found in the shell of the cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale). (wikipedia.org)
  • The seed is surrounded by a double shell that contains an allergenic phenolic resin, anacardic acid-which is a potent skin irritant chemically related to the better-known and also toxic allergenic oil urushiol, which is found in the related poison ivy and lacquer tree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anacardic acid is synergistic with anethole from the seed of anise (Umbelliferae) and linalool from green tea in vitro [Muroi & Kubo, p1782]. (wikipedia.org)
  • The totarol in the bark of Podocarpus trees is synergistic with anacardic acid in its bactericidal effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synergistic effects of anacardic acids and methicillin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. (berkeley.edu)
  • 6-pentadecyl salicylic acid (6-PDSA), a potent HAT inhibitor from cashew nut shell liquid, and sensitizer of cancer cells to ionizing radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemically, anacardic acid is a mixture of several closely related organic compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each consists of a salicylic acid substituted with an alkyl chain that has 15 or 17 carbon atoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crystalline unsaturated lactone, 8-hydroxy-3-tridecyl-1H-isochromen-1-one ( 6 ) has been synthesized by isomerization of anacardic acid having heterogeneous alkyl side chains (a mixture of mono-, di-, and tri-unsaturated anacardic acid) ( 1 ). (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • anacardic acid is a mixture of saturated and unsaturated molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was later found to be a mixture rather than one chemical, sometimes the plural anacardic acids is used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anacardic acid kills methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cells more rapidly than totarol. (wikipedia.org)
  • An acid form of urushiol, they also cause an allergic skin rash on contact, known as urushiol-induced contact dermatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each consists of a salicylic acid substituted with an alkyl chain that has 15 or 17 carbon atoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6-pentadecyl salicylic acid (6-PDSA), a potent HAT inhibitor from cashew nut shell liquid, and sensitizer of cancer cells to ionizing radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6[8'(Z)-pentadecenyl]salicylic acid, otherwise known as anacardic acid (C15:1), inhibited the linoleic acid peroxidation catalyzed by soybean lipoxygenase-1 (EC 1.13.11.12, type 1) with an IC50 of 6.8 microM. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Although anacardic acid (C15:1) inhibited the linoleic acid peroxidation without being oxidized, 6[8'(Z),11'(Z)-pentadecadienyl]salicylic acid, otherwise known as anacardic acid (C15:2), was dioxygenated at low concentrations as a substrate. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Literature frequently sites and gives the name anacardic acid to the completely-saturated compound (6-pentadecyl salicylic acid). (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • In Arabidopsis , much of what we know about the phytohormone salicylic acid (SA) and its role in plant defense comes from experiments using young plants. (frontiersin.org)
  • The phenolic phytohormone salicylic acid (SA) contributes to a number of developmental and physiological responses in plants. (frontiersin.org)
  • Anacardic acids are phenolic lipids, chemical compounds found in the shell of the cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale). (wikipedia.org)
  • Anacardic acids are antibacterial phenolic lipids from cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale) shell oil. (amrita.edu)
  • The shells contain a motley of compounds called phenolic lipids, cardanol, and anacardic acid. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The shell of the cashew nut contains oil compounds which may cause contact dermatitis similar in severity to that of poison ivy, primarily resulting from the phenolic lipids, anacardic acid and cardanol. (exportersindia.com)
  • Anacardic acid is the main component of cashew nutshell liquid (CNSL), and finds use in the chemical industry for the production of cardanol, which is used for resins, coatings, and frictional materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the hydrophobic interaction alone is not enough because cardanol (C15:1), which possesses the same side chain as anacardic acid (C15:1), acted neither as a substrate nor as an inhibitor. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The major (90 %) component of CNSL is anacardic acid, which is easily decarboxylated to cardanol (10 %) by use of conventional methods. (springer.com)
  • AIM: The effect of anacardic acid impregnation on catheter surfaces for the prevention of Staphylococcus aureus attachments and biofilm formations were evaluated. (amrita.edu)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the potential therapeutic effect of Anacardic acid on pancreatic cancer in vitro and elucidate its underlying mechanisms. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition, Chmp1A was silenced with shRNA to examine the necessity of Chmp1A for the anticancer effect of Anacardic acid, 5-Fluorouracil, or Gemcitabine. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The figure below shows that anacardic acid boosted the number of mono- and oligonucleosomes in the estradiol sensitive cells. (ironmagazine.com)
  • They found a correlation between anacardic acid and the good gut bacteria. (ajmc.com)
  • We examined metabolites in these subjects and found the strongest correlation between anacardic acid, present in cashews and mangoes, and the beneficial bacteria," Dr. Koh said. (eurekalert.org)
  • The hydroalcoholic extract of this propolis, rich in flavone-6,8-di- C -glycosides (vicenin-2 and schaftoside), pyrrolizidine alkaloids derived from retronecine, catechin and caffeoylquinic acid derivatives exhibited antiviral activity against the herpes simplex and rubella viruses. (scielo.br)
  • Bill Weigel from UC Riverside with his prize-winning organic poster on anacardic acid derivatives for enzyme-inhibition studies. (rsc.org)
  • In addition to anacardic acid and its derivatives (56, 57), several types of natural chemicals have been reported to bind HATs, such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate (58), plumbagin (59), curcumin (60), and garcinol (61). (nih.gov)
  • Mango fruit also contains anacardic acid. (tripod.com)
  • Phenylephrine-induced cardiac hypertrophy is attenuated by a histone acetylase inhibitor anacardic acid in mice. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Alcohol-induced histone H3K9 hyperacetylation and cardiac hypertrophy are reversed by a histone acetylases inhibitor anacardic acid in developing murine hearts. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Furthermore, coadministration of the histone acetyltransferase inhibitor anacardic acid with steroids in mdx mice eliminated steroid-specific epigenetic marks and abrogated the steroid response. (jci.org)
  • RESULTS: We report here the surprising observation that treatment of a human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS-2B cells, with the inhibitor histone deacetylase, trichostatin A, or the histone acetyltransferase inhibitor, anacardic acid, strongly inhibited induction of both IL-6 and IL-8 protein upon stimulation with organic dust. (cdc.gov)
  • Synergistic effects of anacardic acids and methicillin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. (berkeley.edu)
  • Eichbaum FW 1946 Biological properties of anacardic acid (O- pentadeca dienylsalicylic acid) and related compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like anacardic acid, ginkgo inhibits the functioning of the estradiol receptor. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Anacardic acid inhibits estrogen receptor alpha-DNA binding and reduces target gene transcription and breast cancer cell proliferation. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Anacardic Acid, CAS 16611-84-0, is a cell-permeable ginkgolic acid analog that targets SUMO-activating enzyme E1 and inhibits protein SUMO modification (IC50 = 2.2 µM) in an ATP-dependent manner. (merckmillipore.com)
  • Oatmeal is typically eaten as an unsoaked whole grain (and soaking it isn't very effective in any case), and so it is high in phytic acid, which effectively inhibits the absorption of a number of minerals including calcium. (blogspot.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that anacardic acid-impregnated silicon catheters may help in preventing catheter-related staphylococcal infections. (amrita.edu)
  • Results from a recent study, in which molecular docking simulation was used, suggest that anacardic acid competes with acetyl-CoA for the VKG site in p300/cAMP-response element-binding protein-associated factor (54). (nih.gov)
  • Anacardic acid kills methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cells more rapidly than totarol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemically, anacardic acid is a mixture of several closely related organic compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anacardic acid is a collective name for a number of compounds. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Later, the substance was found to consist of a family of related acid compounds( ref ). (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • Anacardic acid, isolated from cashew shells or several other medicinal plants, is the general name given to a family of four different 6-alkyl salicyclic acids having varying degrees of unsaturation in the 15-carbon alkyl chain.1 These compounds are associated with anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, molluscicidal, and anti-microbial activity. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • 2-Ethoxy-6-pentadecyl benzamide (APHK-1), 1-(2-methoxy-6-pentadecylbenzyl)-4-hydroxy ethylpiperazine (APHK-2), 1- (2-hydroxy-6-pentadecyl)- N- (hydroxyl ethylaminoethyl) benzamide (APHK-3) and compounds 20-34 from saturated anacardic acid which was obtained from natural product cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) is reported. (ijpsr.com)
  • The nut shells, in fact, are toxic and dangerous, soaked in oil compounds that can effectively burn your skin just as badly as dangerous acids. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Anacardic compounds in cashew nuts and maybe mangoes do an excellent job of curing an abscess from gram positive bacteria, which are the most prevalent cause of tooth decay and tooth aches. (scienceblog.com)
  • Six oxylipins strongly inhibited mycelial growth and spore germination of eukaryotic microbes, including compounds that had not previously been ascribed an antimicrobial activity, such as 13-keto-9( Z ),11( E ),15( Z )-octadecatrienoic acid and 12-oxo-10,15( Z )-phytodienoic acid. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Walnut oil is a drying oil (heavy in linoleic and linoleic acid esters). (madsci.org)
  • They originate from oxidation and further conversions of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), predominantly linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3). (plantphysiol.org)
  • Cashew nut shell liquid (oil of cashew nut shell, Anacardium occidentale) contains cardol (irritant) and anacardic acids. (madsci.org)
  • The poisonous black juice contained between the outer and inner shell contains two peculiar principles, Anacardic acid and Cardol. (homeoint.org)
  • Nucleic Acids Res 46:1565-1583 (2018). (abcam.com)
  • Products containing cashew apple juice probably contain considerably more of the stuff, going by the concentrations of anacardic acid that chemists have found in the cashew apple. (ironmagazine.com)
  • 2018) Anxiolytic effect of anacardic acids from cashew (Anacardium occidentale) nut shell in mice. (panlab.com)
  • The inhibition of the enzyme by anacardic acid (C15:1) is a slow and reversible reaction without residual activity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The inhibition kinetics analyzed by Dixon plots indicates that anacardic acid (C15:1) is a competitive inhibitor and the inhibition constant, KI, was obtained as 2.8 microM. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In addition, anacardic acid (C15:2) was also found to exhibit time-dependent inhibition of lipoxygenase-1. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Anacardic acid (6-pentadecylsalicylic acid) induces apoptosis of prostate cancer cells through inhibition of androgen. (amegroups.com)
  • Following addition of 1 mg of recombinant PB2 cap-binding domain proteins, incubation was performed for 30 min at 30 °C. Anacardic acid and garcinol showed strong inhibition of the binding activity of recombinant PB2 with [14C]acetyl-CoA. (nih.gov)
  • Characterization of xanthine oxidase inhibition by anacardic acids. (berkeley.edu)
  • In addition, inhibition of histone acetylation by anacardic acid reduces the UV-B induced, UVR8 mediated expression of ELIP1 and CHS. (deepdyve.com)
  • The observed induction of PD‑L1 was transcriptionally mediated by nuclear factor (NF)-κB, as shown by NF‑κB reporter assays, the nuclear accumulation of the p65 subunit of NF‑κB, inhibition by the IKK inhibitor, BMS‑345541, and histone the modification inhibitors, resminostat, entinostat or anacardic acid. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • A handful of cashew nuts contains about 20 mg anacardic acid, a substance that has an anti-oestrogenic effect, molecular biologists at the University of Louisville discovered. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Did we just say that anacardic acid is a substance? (ironmagazine.com)
  • Modern history of the substance goes back to a publication in 1847 which described an acid found in the shells of cashew nuts named anacardic acid. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • The key active compound in this mix is anacardic acid, and it's this substance that is most intriguing for scientists. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Ginkgolic acid is a substance related to anacardic acid (poison ivy) and may cause an allergic reaction in some people. (betterlife.com)
  • Plant-derived polyphenol, tannic acid, formed by esterification of ten equivalents of the phenylpropanoid -derived gallic acid to a monosaccharide (glucose) core from primary metabolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Raspberry ellagitannin , a tannin composed of 14 gallic acid units around a core of three units of glucose, with two gallic acids as simple esters, and the remaining 12 appearing in 6 ellagic acid-type units. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mangoes also contain several important phytochemicals including: Cryptoxanthin, Lutein, Gallic Acid and Anacardic acid. (bewellbuzz.com)
  • Both anacardic acid and ginkgolic acid are shown to effectively decrease overall SUMOylation of 293T cellular proteins in a dose-dependent manner, while neither compound is effective in affecting overall cellular protein ubiquitination or histone H4K8 acetylation in 293T cultures, although anacardic acid is shown to inhibit p300 (Cat. (merckmillipore.com)
  • Anacardic acid is an alkylsalicylic acid obtained from cashew-nut-shell liquid, and is a potent inhibitor of p300 histone acetyl-transferase (HAT) activity. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Lipoxygenase inhibitory activity of anacardic acids. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The alk(en)yl side chain of anacardic acids is essential to elicit the inhibitory activity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A Chinese herbal extract containing anacardic acid (AA) is known to possess strong histone acetylation inhibitory effects. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This type of acid is present in mangoes and cashews, and the researchers were interested to note that 5 of the 6 patients with the highest anacardic acid levels consumed cashews at least once a week. (ajmc.com)
  • For instance, there are a few published animal studies on anacardic acid-a compound in cashews. (eatingwell.com)
  • That is not particularly exciting news, but it should settle the minds of gout sufferers who worry about the uric acid content of cashews. (goutpal.com)
  • Saturated fatty acid induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis in human liver cells via the PERK/ATF4/CHOP signaling pathway. (qxmd.com)
  • Effects on milk production, milk and rumen liquor fatty acid profile, metabolic parameters, and methane production are reviewed. (mdpi.com)
  • Plant oxylipins are a large family of metabolites derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Other oxylipins, such as epoxy and dihydroxy fatty acids, can be formed from C18 PUFAs by the peroxygenase/epoxide hydrolase pathway ( Blée, 1998 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • Additionally, they compose proper amounts of monounsaturated fatty acids like oleic acid and antioxidants. (nutrition-and-you.com)
  • Research studies suggest that the Mediterranean diet which is rich in dietary fiber, monounsaturated fatty acids, and antioxidants can help reduce coronary artery disease and stroke risk by favoring healthy blood lipid profile. (nutrition-and-you.com)
  • Fatty acid oxidation is required for active and quiescent brown adipose tissue maintenance and thermogenic programing. (abcam.com)
  • We evaluated biomarkers from Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy patients, finding that, compared with chronic daily steroid use, weekend steroid use was associated with reduced serum insulin, free fatty acids, and branched chain amino acids, as well as reduction in fat mass despite having similar BMIs. (jci.org)
  • Molecular researchers have been performing experiments with anacardic acid for a few years and have reported encouraging results. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Molecular modeling and pharmacological inhibitor studies suggest anacardic acid stimulation of neutrophils occurs in a PI3K-dependent manner through activation of surface-expressed G protein-coupled sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors. (amrita.edu)
  • To elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms, Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry were performed on cancer cells treated with Anacardic acid alone or in combination with 5-Fluorouracil or Gemcitabine. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Life sciences research interest in anacardic acid it has been accelerating with the rise in knowledge about molecular biology and epigenetics. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • However, the enduring research and emerging evidence suggests that AA (anacardic acid) could be a potent target molecule with bactericide, fungicide, insecticide, anti-termite and molluscicide properties and as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of the most serious pathophysiological disorders like cancer, oxidative damage, inflammation and obesity. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • The seed is surrounded by a double shell that contains an allergenic phenolic resin, anacardic acid-which is a potent skin irritant chemically related to the better-known and also toxic allergenic oil urushiol, which is found in the related poison ivy and lacquer tree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once-unknown mechanisms underlying its antibacterial, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and other interesting properties are increasingly better understood, and the acid is of increasing interest for its practical anti-cancer and other health-inducing properties. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • and another newer study found that when mice fed a high-fat, high-sugar diet received anacardic acid as a supplement, the buildup of fat in their livers slowed, as did their development of insulin resistance-both of which allude to anti-diabetes benefits. (eatingwell.com)
  • Additionally, co-administration of anacardic acid, a histone acetyltransferase inhibitor, with pre-operative morphine prevented OIH and opioid-induced tolerance observed in the mice that did not receive the inhibitor. (jax.org)
  • These iPS cells did show some of the ALS phenotype, forming clumps of TDP-43, increasing the expression of genes involved in RNA metabolism (known to be affected by TDP-43), decreasing expression of genes that code for filaments that help structure neurons (decreased in postmortem samples from patients with ALS), and responding to a drug, anacardic acid, that improves ALS symptoms in mice. (dana.org)
  • It is conceivable that mango fruits may have sufficient anacardic acids as well. (scienceblog.com)
  • It is caused due to anacardic acid found in mango flesh and rind. (hubpages.com)
  • Natural Product Anacardic Acid from Cashew Nut Shells Stimulates Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Production and Bactericidal Activity. (amrita.edu)
  • Neutrophil extracellular traps produced in response to anacardic acid are bactericidal and complement select direct antimicrobial activities of the compound. (amrita.edu)
  • We find that anacardic acid stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species and neutrophil extracellular traps, two mechanisms utilized by neutrophils to kill invading bacteria. (amrita.edu)
  • But here's the catch: anacardic acid is extracted from the shell surrounding the cashew, which also has a compound in it that can give your skin a poison-ivy like rash. (eatingwell.com)
  • Heating these anacardic acids converts them to the alcohols (cardanols) with reduced activity compared to the acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2-hydroxy-6-alkylbenzoic acid) is a dietary and medicinal phytochemical with established anticancer activity in cell and animal models. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Anacardic acid-impregnated silicon catheters revealed no significant haemolytic activity and were cytocompatible against fibroblast cell line (L929). (amrita.edu)
  • The in vivo antibiofilm activity of anacardic acid-impregnated catheters was tested in an intraperitoneal catheter-associated medaka fish infection model. (amrita.edu)
  • Mechanistically, Anacardic acid exerted its anticancer activity via the activation of Chmp1A, ATM, and p53. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Anti-mycobacterial activity was performed using Mycobaterium smegmatis mc 2 155, taking anacardic acid and ethambutol as standards. (ijpsr.com)
  • In this study, we investigated whether caffeic acid regulates Rac1 GTPase activity, a partner of NADPH oxidase. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Activity of the plant mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) can be regulated by organic acids, notably pyruvate. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A cell-permeable ginkgolic acid (Cat. (merckmillipore.com)
  • The phytonutrient profile of Ginkgo Biloba Certified Extract™ is comparable to the GBE 24/6 extract used in clinical studies worldwide and monographed in German Commission E. The health regulatory agency that regulates ginkgo purity in Germany mandates that ginkgo not contain more than 5 ppm of ginkgolic acid. (betterlife.com)
  • Ginkgo Biloba Certified Extract™ contains less than 1 ppm of ginkgolic acid. (betterlife.com)
  • Ginkgo Biloba Certified Extract™ has one of the lowest ginkgolic acid levels commercially available. (betterlife.com)
  • Anacardic acid induced an anticancer effect in pancreatic cancer cell lines in a dose dependent manner, and increased the cytotoxicity of 5-Fluorouracil or Gemcitabine in MTT cell viability assays. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid and anacardic acid were used to inhibit histone deacetylase and histone acetyltransferase, respectively. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Chemists have identified dozens of variants of anacardic acid in cashew nuts, which happen to be the best nutritional source of anacardic acid. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Anacardic acids occurs naturally in cashew nuts (the most accessible natural dietary source), mangos, and cashew apples. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • I have no absolute certainty that the nuts contain anacardic acids as do the pears. (tripod.com)
  • Anacardic acids in cashew nuts have promising neuroprotective action against degenerative changes in Parkinson's disease. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • I have found that the anacardic acids in raw cashew nuts and maybe mangoes do an excellent job of curing an abscess from gram positive bacteria, which are the most prevalent cause of tooth decay and tooth aches. (scienceblog.com)
  • Anacardic acid isn't in the nut that we eat, though some may remain depending on how the nuts were processed. (eatingwell.com)
  • The nuts are packed with many important B-complex groups of vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6, and folates. (nutrition-and-you.com)
  • The first important fact about cashew nuts and gout is that they have no effect on uric acid. (goutpal.com)
  • In Effects of a high walnut and high cashew nut diet on selected markers of the metabolic syndrome: a controlled feeding trial the researchers make it quite clear that neither walnuts nor unsalted cashew nuts had any effect on uric acid in the blood. (goutpal.com)
  • Polyaniline (PAni) in the emeraldine salt form is one of the most widely studied conducting polymers because of its easy synthesis, low cost, and acid-doping/dedoping chemistry-based property. (scielo.br)
  • Cashew is mostly composed of anacardic acids used effectively against tooth abscesses. (hktdc.com)
  • Modern agents include preparations of retinoic acid , ascorbic acid alpha - hydroxy acids , and antioxidants used in conjunction with sunscreens. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Eichbaum claims that a solution of one part anacardic acid to 200,000 parts water to as low as one part in 2,000,000 is lethal to Gram-positive bacteria in 15 minutes in vitro. (wikipedia.org)
  • It contains significant amounts of vitamin-C and folic acid, that confer upon it, the immunity boosting and antioxidant properties. (hubpages.com)
  • A study from Oxford University found that fairly high dosages of three B vitamins (folic acid, B6 and B12) could reduce the rate of brain atrophy in patients with mild cognitive impairment-because these vitamins reduce homocysteine. (anh-usa.org)
  • The Mellanbys did not understand the role of vitamin K2 in mineral metabolism, and Price did not seem to appreciate the role of phytic acid from unsoaked whole grains in preventing mineral absorption. (blogspot.com)
  • Examples include tannic acid (image at right) and ellagitannin (image below). (wikipedia.org)
  • Downregulation of Rac1 activation by caffeic acid in aortic smooth muscle cells. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Caffeic acid, a dietary phenol from coffee, fruits and vegetables, is an efficient antioxidant. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Isomerization of monoene anacardic acid resulted in a crystalline isoanacardic acid, (E)-2-hydroxy-6-(pentadec-1-enyl)benzoic acid ( 8 ) as a major product. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • The two products, 8-hydroxy-3-tridecyl-1H-isochromen-1-one and (E)-2-hydroxy-6-(pentadec-1-enyl)benzoic acid have been crystallographically characterized. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • The main benefits appear to be from anacardic acid, which is usually extracted from cashew nut shells. (goutpal.com)
  • Impregnation of Catheters with Anacardic Acid from Cashew nut Shell Prevents Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm Development. (amrita.edu)
  • Anacardic acid is mainly found in the shell. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • The medicinal use of anacardic acid goes back long before it was called that. (anti-agingfirewalls.com)
  • Benzolactones derived from anacardic acid reported in this work have some structural similarity with lactones such as massoia lactone having medicinal value. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • In terms of them being studied for formal medicinal purposes," he said, "that started about 30 years ago, when we began to see the ability of these acids to suppress bacterial growth. (thedailybeast.com)