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  • extracellular
  • Treatment of yeast and Drosophila larvae with rapamycin causes a starvation-like phenotype ( 2 , 7 , 17 , 39 ), and in mammalian cells, extracellular amino acids regulate the activity of two translational regulators downstream of RAFT1, S6 kinase 1 (S6K1), and 4E-BP1 ( 15 ). (asm.org)
  • Using breast cancer cells as a model system, we found that extracellular lactate promotes a significant effect on cell survival under nutrient stress conditions where glucose or glutamine is limited. (biomedcentral.com)
  • enterade
  • Example: Yes, I would like to receive emails from enterade® - An amino acid-based, glucose free, medical food. (enterade.com)
  • enterade® is a glucose free medical food. (enterade.com)
  • The Company's first commercial product, enterade® AOF, is a first-in-class amino acid based medical food that hydrates, rebuilds, and protects the gut lining and helps manage side effects from cancer treatments as well as occasional diarrhea, cramping, dehydration, nausea and malnutrition. (enterade.com)
  • enterade® is the only choice for rehydration related to GI dysfunction that not only contains no glucose but also repairs and protects the GI system thereby supports healthy immune function. (enterade.com)
  • 0.05
  • For nutrient deprivation experiments, cells were cultured in RPMI medium to a density of 10 5 cells/ml, pelleted at room temperature for 5 min at 850 × g , washed once with phosphate-buffered saline, and resuspended in RPMI medium alone or in RPMI medium with a reduced concentration of glutamine (0.05 mM), leucine (0.01 mM), or glucose (0.05 mM). (asm.org)
  • aromatic
  • In addition, ΔL-carnitine and Δcholine were significantly related to changes in amino acids (including branched-chain and aromatic amino acids). (bmj.com)
  • Further, changes in the precursors of TMAO were significantly associated with changes in diabetes-related amino acids including branched-chain and aromatic amino acids. (bmj.com)
  • Calcium
  • This study determined quantities of glucose, amino acids, glutathione, calcium, sodium, and potassium in uterine lumenal fluid from cyclic (Days 3-16) and pregnant (Days 10-16) ewes. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Ano1 cells with siRNA knockdown showed a significant difference in I sc in the presence of NSP4 and glucose without a significant difference in peak calcium fluorescence intracellular when compared to non-silencing (N.S.) cells. (enterade.com)
  • but, to our knowledge no single report compared the effect of early versus late introduction of amino acids on serum calcium of VLBW newborns. (lupinepublishers.com)
  • Effects
  • We examined the effects of NSP4 and glucose on sodium and chloride transport in mouse small intestines and Caco-2 cells. (enterade.com)
  • Mice with lower levels of estrogens are thereby more sensitive to the effects of a high-fat-diet (HFD) for the development of glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. (deepdyve.com)
  • Acute insulin-releasing actions of amino acids have been studied in detail, but comparatively little is known about the ß-cell effects of long-term exposure to amino acids. (edu.au)
  • intravenous
  • 5. Results show that, within the present experimental conditions, the intravenous administration of dipeptides is as effective as that of the corresponding free amino acids in enriching the tissue pools of amino acids. (clinsci.org)
  • Despite adoption of a more aggressive approach with amino acid infusions by the AAP, there still appears to be a reluctance to use early intravenous amino acid infusions in many N ICUs around the world. (lupinepublishers.com)
  • Effect
  • We investigated the effect of AA plus glucose (AAG) solutions on peritoneal protein losses and cytokine generation. (hindawi.com)
  • The study was carried out using a glucose-amino acid model system with incubation at 120 °C to investigate the effect of amino acids and pH on the formation of MGO. (separationsnow.com)
  • Three alternative carbon sources (molasses, cassava glucose syrup and sorghum fructose syrup) on the production of D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) from Trigonopsis variabilis (TvDAAO) has been studied.The aim of this study was to screen out the best alternative carbon sources that can be utilized in TvDAAO production, and to study the effect of the additional nitrogen sources. (ijeab.com)
  • New Vlietabo 800r, (Spectacular Race Booster Glucose with instant effect). (mercasystems.com)
  • biosynthesis
  • Interestingly, lymphocytes are more dependent than other cell types on amino acids, particularly glutamine, for biosynthesis and energy production ( 28 ), and a decrease in blood glutamine levels causes immunosuppression in humans and mice ( 6 , 19 ). (asm.org)
  • Saleem, A., A. M. Moharram, and N. Fathy (2012) Production and optimization of D-amino acid oxidase which is involved in the biosynthesis of β-lactam antibiotics. (ijeab.com)
  • Molecule
  • Each molecule contains a central carbon (C) atom, called the α-carbon, to which both an amino and a carboxyl group are attached. (diabetestalk.net)
  • nutrient
  • Supported by measurements of nutrient use, the data suggest that RAFT1 is an energy and nutrient sensor and that rapamycin mimics a signal generated by the starvation of amino acids but that the signal is unlikely to be the absence of amino acids themselves. (asm.org)
  • Recent studies indicate that the levels of ATP and phosphatidic acid may regulate the TOR pathway in mammalian cells ( 11 , 13 ), but the connection to nutrient signaling is not clear. (asm.org)
  • A2CT technology uses select amino acids to facilitate active transport of electrolytes throughout the body, which delivers rapid hydration, decreased gut permeability and improved nutrient absorption, supporting long-term digestive health. (enterade.com)
  • significant
  • The addition of AA to standard glucose dialysis solutions did not induce a significant increase of peritoneal protein losses. (hindawi.com)
  • There was also a significant increase in the GLUT4 (glucose transporter) translocation as revealed by flow cytometer. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The failure of glucose to stimulate significant sodium absorption was likely due to the inhibition of sodium-hydrogen exchange and sodium-glucose cotransport by NSP4. (enterade.com)
  • changes
  • Changes in glucose, amino acids and products such as acetic acid were tested using high-performance anion exchange chromatography with an electrochemical detector or an electrical conductivity detector. (separationsnow.com)
  • Interestingly, the associations of ΔTMAO, Δcholine and ΔL-carnitine with diabetes-related traits were independent of the changes in amino acids. (bmj.com)
  • stabilization
  • Wang, S. J., C. Y. Yu, and I. C. Kuan (2008) Stabilization of native and double D-amino acid oxidases from Rhodosporidium toruloides and Trigonopsis variabilis by immobilization on Streptavidin-coated magnetic beads. (ijeab.com)
  • mechanism
  • Entrinsic Health Solutions' proprietary Amino Acid Coupled Transport (A2CT) technology's unique transport mechanism uses amino acid blend that are uniquely positioned to facilitate rapid total body hydration with no added glucose. (enterade.com)
  • Tishkov, V. I., and S. V. Khoronenkova (2005) D-amino acid oxidase: structure, catalytic mechanism, and practical application. (ijeab.com)