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  • alanine
  • General chemical properties §: Values for Asp, Cys, Glu, His, Lys & Tyr were determined using the amino acid residue placed centrally in an alanine pentapeptide. (wikipedia.org)
  • asparagine
  • In 1806, French chemists Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin and Pierre Jean Robiquet isolated a compound in asparagus that was subsequently named asparagine, the first amino acid to be discovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conversion of aspartate into either the storage amino acid asparagine or aspartate family amino acids may be subject to a coordinated, reciprocal metabolic control, and this biochemical branch point is a part of a larger, coordinated regulatory mechanism of nitrogen and carbon storage and utilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chen H, Pan YX, Dudenhausen EE, Kilberg MS. Amino acid deprivation induces the transcription rate of the human asparagine synthetase gene through a timed program of expression and promoter binding of nutrient-responsive basic region/leucine zipper transcription factors as well as localized histone acetylation. (wikipedia.org)
  • leucine
  • Leucine may help metabolized to produce energy, as can isoleucine and valine, the other branched-chain amino acids during periods of fasting or starvation. (healthy.net)
  • Membrane transporters Transcription factors from the basic region/leucine zipper (bZIP) superfamily Growth factors Metabolic enzymes PCAF is recruited specifically to the CHOP amino acid response element (AARE) to enhance the ATF4 transcriptional activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • amine group
  • Due to the acidic carboxylic acid group and the alkaline amine group on amino acids they can form ions with themselves called zwitterions . (conservapedia.com)
  • In chemistry, an amino sugar (or more technically a 2-amino-2-deoxysugar) is a sugar molecule in which a hydroxyl group has been replaced with an amine group. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual amino
  • When making nutritional recommendations for our everyday diet, health scientists have expressed much more confidence in estimating our total protein needs than in estimating our need for individual amino acids. (whfoods.org)
  • Part of the difficulty in determining our need for individual amino acids involves the interconversion of amino acids that is constantly taking place in our body. (whfoods.org)
  • serine
  • These are all L-stereoisomers ("left-handed" isomers), although a few D-amino acids ("right-handed") occur in bacterial envelopes, as a neuromodulator (D-serine), and in some antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carnitine
  • L-carnitine also helps with weight loss, usually improves our exercise capacities (possibly through the oxidation of amino acids), and may possibly enhance our muscle building and endurance. (healthy.net)
  • molecular
  • Amino acid dating is a dating technique used to estimate the age of a specimen in paleobiology, molecular paleontology, archaeology, forensic science, taphonomy, sedimentary geology and other fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • In molecular biology, the amino acid kinase domain is a protein domain. (wikipedia.org)