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  • Clusters
  • The originators of the computer program most often used to support the argument that humans divide into the continental genetic clusters (which Wade says are "races") comment that their model (called structure) is not well-suited to data shaped by restricted gene flow with isolation by distance (as human genetic variation data on large scales are). (andrewsullivan.com)
  • mtDNA
  • MtDNA lineages can be grouped together in a large mtDNA tree. (csa.us)
  • Phylogenetic features of mtDNA data also suggest a demographic scenario that is compatible with moderate local endogamy and isolation in the Maya combined with episodes of gene exchange between ethnic groups, suggesting an ethno-genesis in the Guatemalan Maya that is recent and supported on a cultural rather than a biological basis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Europeans
  • But missions to the Indians played important roles in social, cultural, and political changes for Indians, Europeans, and Americans from the very beginning of contact in the 1500s to the present. (oxfordre.com)
  • Here, we present population structure results from compiled datasets after merging with the Human Genome Diversity Project and the Population Reference Sample studies, which consisted of 146 non-Jewish Middle Easterners (Druze, Bedouin and Palestinian), 30 northern Africans (Mozabite from Algeria), 1547 Europeans, and 653 individuals from other African, Asian, Latin American, and Oceanian populations. (blogspot.com)
  • racial
  • There are no genes that make blacks in the USA more susceptible to high blood pressure, just as there are no genes for particular kinds of cancers that can be assigned to only one racial grouping. (psychologytoday.com)
  • A manager who makes it clear that he or she believes in racial stereotypes by admitting that he or she refuses to promote a certain minority group because "all [members of that group] are lazy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • What we ought to ask on medical questionnaires is not racial identification, but ancestry. (gnxp.com)
  • So note the following "ancestry" categories (just don't call em' "racial" categories! (gnxp.com)
  • Ancient
  • The answer lies not in the ancient nature of the mutations that produced the A and B genes, but rather in the discreet interactions that occurred between early man and his environment that were under the influence of his ABO blood group. (dadamo.com)
  • differences
  • Analysis of variance identified significant Cd concentration differences between communities, sex, and age groups, although these were complicated by significant 2-way interactions. (arctichealth.org)
  • It is no surprise, then, that many of the distinctions between the blood groups involve basic functions of our digestive and immune systems.Evolution is usually considered in the context of millions of years, which is the time frame needed to explain the many differences between animals or other species. (dadamo.com)
  • tens
  • The length of each run is determined partly by the number of generations since the common ancestor: offspring of cousin marriages have long runs of homozygosity (ROH), while the numerous shorter tracts relate to shared ancestry tens and hundreds of generations ago. (blogspot.com)
  • inuit
  • In the 1982 Constitution Act, "Aboriginal" is used to refer to three distinct groups: the First Nations people, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. (ubc.ca)
  • history
  • Written during a tumultuous period in American history when many people expected the federal government to right social wrongs, the law was a monumental piece of legislation that changed the American employment landscape. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is fascinating to note that virtually all the major infectious diseases that ran so rampant throughout our pre-antibiotic history have ABO blood group preferences of one group or another. (dadamo.com)
  • About 80% of any group of Romans you might see depicted in history are your ancestors. (metafilter.com)
  • efforts
  • Such efforts will no doubt continue into the unforeseeable future so long as the state of Native nations remains uncertain. (oxfordre.com)
  • peoples
  • In response, tribal leaders from throughout Indian Country formed the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) in 1944 to litigate and lobby for the collective well-being of Native peoples. (oxfordre.com)
  • Indians
  • As American Indian activism grew increasingly militant in the late 1960s and 1970s, civil disobedience, demonstrations, and takeovers became the preferred tactics of "Red Power" organizations such as the National Indian Youth Council (NIYC), the Indians of All Tribes, and the American Indian Movement (AIM). (oxfordre.com)
  • African
  • Although she had assumed she was Hispanic, the reports of her DNA testing showed she is part Irish, part Scandinavian and part African, with some Native American ancestry as well. (csa.us)
  • Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 â October 24, 2005) was an African American civil rights activist and seamstress whom the U.S. Congress dubbed the Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement. (statemaster.com)
  • In the United States the term is generally used for Americans with Sub-Saharan African ancestry. (statemaster.com)
  • population
  • These prevalence rates are average figures based on the total population and it is well established that prevalence of diabetes varies by population groups. (springer.com)
  • Even something thought to be so ubiquitous as skin color works only in a limited way as dark or light skin tells us only about a human's amount of ancestry relative to the equator, not anything about the specific population or part of the planet they might be descended from. (psychologytoday.com)
  • During his debate with Wade, anthropologist Agustín Fuentes pointed out that "Wade uses cluster, population, group, race, sub-race, ethnicity in a range of ways with few concrete definitions, and occasionally interchangeably throughout the book. (andrewsullivan.com)
  • Each point represents a population from which we have obtained ancestry background data. (fhid.com.au)
  • Asian
  • Cervical cancer prevention: Asian-American women's knowledge and participation in screening practices. (umassmed.edu)
  • Sure, it is practical if your purpose is to maintain the myth that black, white and Asian are really separable biological groups. (andrewsullivan.com)
  • biological
  • Only in the last century have scientists and anthropologists begun using biological markers such as the blood groups in the search for humanity's imprint on our distant past. (dadamo.com)
  • ancestors
  • So the Islamic Muhammad, the Irish/Celtic Niall of the Nine Hostages, the English/Saxon Cerdic, and the Continental/pre-Norman Charlemagne, are all ancestors of everyone alive today. (metafilter.com)
  • example
  • Oceanians and Native Americans, for example, who are descended from relatively few founders because of the bottlenecks associated with crossing the Beringian/maritime voyages have an excess of short runs of homozygosity, but Native Americans also have long ones, suggestive of recent consanguinity. (blogspot.com)
  • race
  • The journal did this in part because various American health agencies are making race an important part of their policies to best protect the public -- often over the protests of scientists. (nytimes.com)
  • together
  • and the American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) brought Native educators together to work for greater self-determination and culturally rooted curricula in Indian schools. (oxfordre.com)
  • variations
  • The variations, strengths and weaknesses of each blood group can be seen as part of humanity's continual process of acclimating to different environmental challenges. (dadamo.com)
  • major
  • Several new major enzyme categories include: DNA Repair Enzymes, Metalloexopeptidases, Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors, Proprotein Convertases, and Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes. (nih.gov)
  • level
  • Different foods metabolized in a unique manner by each ABO blood group probably resulted in that blood group achieving a certain level of susceptibility (good or bad) to the endemic bacteria, viruses and parasites of the area. (dadamo.com)
  • another
  • There are three genetic markers on your DNA that can provide clues to your ancestry: one from your father, another from your mother and a third from both sides of the family (from familysearch ). (csa.us)
  • time
  • The two groups had similar ages (11.1 vs 10.7 years), time to presentation (1.64 vs 1.85 days), and LOS (2.91 vs 2.90 days). (biomedsearch.com)
  • In essence if you start off with a small number of a particular gene in a larger gene pool (such as the gene for blood group B in the gene pool for ABO blood type) and nothing other than random mating occurred, at the end of a period of time, you would still have a small number of B genes in the ABO gene pool. (dadamo.com)
  • global
  • American Indian activism after 1945 was as much a part of the larger, global decolonization movement rooted in centuries of imperialism as it was a direct response to the ethos of civic nationalism and integration that had gained momentum in the United States following World War II. (oxfordre.com)