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  • Patients
  • A pilot study of a relaxation technique for management of nausea and vomiting in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. (ons.org)
  • nitric
  • PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the density and distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the smooth muscle responses to non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) nerve stimulation and exogenous nitric oxide (NO) in the rabbit lower urinary tract. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • 6,7 On the intraluminal side of the blood vessel lies the endothelium, an important producer of mediators such as endothelin-1 and contractile prostaglandins, but also prostacyclin, nitric oxide (NO), and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), all of which act on underlying smooth muscle cells causing constriction or dilation to regulate vasomotor tone. (ahajournals.org)
  • synergy
  • To understand alterations of the synergy between active and passive tissues following such loadings, several studies have assessed the time-dependent behavior of passive tissues including those within spinal motion segments and muscles. (cdc.gov)
  • cellular
  • The adrenal medullary chromaffin cells (AMCC) transition to the neuronal phenotype is known to occur in asthma, as evidenced by degranulation of chromaffin granules, decline of epinephrine (EPI) and phenylethanolamine-n-methyl transferase (PNMT), and obvious alterations in cellular architecture. (hindawi.com)
  • Sickle hemoglobin S (HbS) polymerizes when deoxygenated, resulting in a series of cellular alterations in red cell morphology and function that shorten the red cell life span and lead to vascular occlusion. (hindawi.com)
  • arteries
  • In PGF2α -precontracted arteries, β-adrenoceptor stimulation-induced relaxation in SHAM aorta, which was abolished in the absence of functional endothelium, as well as in HF aortas, but restored after PDE3 inhibition in all unresponsive arteries. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • However, there are few studies analyzing the contribution of proinflammatory mediators to the effect of cytokines on endothelium-dependent relaxation in resistance arteries ( Vila and Salaices, 2005 ). (aspetjournals.org)
  • The first is how hard the heart muscle can pump, the second is the pressure the heart has to pump against in the arteries, called afterload. (livestrong.com)
  • 2000
  • reacts rapidly with NO, producing peroxynitrite ( Milstien and Katusic, 1999 ), which, in turn, reduces NO bioavailability, thereby contributing to the impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation ( Cai and Harrison, 2000 ). (aspetjournals.org)
  • tissues
  • Spasticity further interferes with important functions of daily living related to long-term complications, such as chronic pain, deformities of joints, heterotrophic ossification of soft tissues, demineralization of bones, contractures of muscles and their subsequent atrophy, and blood circulation disturbances [ 10 , 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • stimulation
  • In HF, endothelial dysfunction had a major effect on PDE3 function and PDE3 inhibition restored a functional relaxation to β-adrenoceptor stimulation. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • 14 This suggested that phosphorylation of CTnI, which occurs in response to β-adrenergic stimulation in beating hearts, may be partly responsible for the increased rate of relaxation seen after this inotropic intervention. (ahajournals.org)
  • Function
  • These results suggest that the Kidney-Tonifying Recipe is capable of repairing asthma-associated alterations in endocrine function and the ultrastructure of AMCC. (hindawi.com)
  • In this study, asthmatic rats were treated with a classic TCM formula known as Kidney-Tonifying Recipe (KTR), and the effects of the kidney-tonifying drugs on the alteration of structure and function of AMCC in asthma were investigated. (hindawi.com)
  • passive
  • however, they do not provide insights into the mechanism, whether active or passive, involved in the alterations of the elastic properties of the aorta. (ahajournals.org)
  • changes
  • This tracks the movement of the heart's muscular wall: changes in the rate of motion of heart muscle were averaged within each group and compared to the normal rate of motion. (mednews.com)
  • blood
  • With more blood flowing through muscles, the chemicals produced during exercise, such as lactate and lactic acid , can be removed from the bloodstream and recovery boosted in consequence. (thesportsspecialist.co.uk)
  • The benefits of alternating hot and cold are an increase in blood flow to the working muscles, which then stimulates the removal of the chemical products of exercise, such as lactic acid. (thesportsspecialist.co.uk)
  • diagnosis
  • If this diagnosis could be deep muscle relaxation visualization techniques that require alterations in growth thates at the site of injection syringe perforating vein injection therapy a therapist and advice on preventing dehydration using antipyretics performing early intervention for violent behavior. (biointegrity.org)
  • result
  • Alterations in the activities of these testicular phosphatases (ACP and ALP) could invariably result in damages to the seminiferous epithelium and loss of germinal elements. (biomedcentral.com)
  • sensation
  • We have probably all experienced Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS), that tender 'ouch to the touch' sensation we get in our muscles after a very tough workout, or after doing an exercise for the first time, or after a long layoff. (thesportsspecialist.co.uk)
  • tone
  • 16-19 Interestingly, myogenic constriction as well as EDHF-mediated dilation appear to share common signaling mechanisms, and both may control K Ca channel activity to set arterial tone through alterations of membrane potential. (ahajournals.org)
  • Spasticity, according to Lance's definition, "is a motor disorder characterized by a velocity dependent increase in tonic stretch reflexes (muscle tone), with exaggerated tendon jerks, resulting from hyperexcitability of the stretch reflexes, as one component of the UMN syndrome" [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • pump
  • After stinging its victim, the honeybee leaves behind the barbed stinger, poison sac, and muscles that continue to pump venom into the wound. (expertsmind.com)
  • pain
  • Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic disorder affecting one or more muscle groups. (livestrong.com)
  • Sometimes pain can move from the muscle to other regions of the body such as the shoulder. (livestrong.com)
  • Physical therapy and trigger point injections in which anesthesia is injected into the muscle can help manage myofascial pain syndrome. (livestrong.com)
  • Temporomandibular joint dysfunction ( TMD , TMJD ) is an umbrella term covering pain and dysfunction of the muscles of mastication (the muscles that move the jaw) and the temporomandibular joints (the joints which connect the mandible to the skull ). (wikipedia.org)
  • effect
  • Load-relaxation properties of the human trunk in response to prolonged flexion: measuring and modeling the effect of flexion angle. (cdc.gov)
  • symptoms
  • Another definition of temporomandibular disorders is "a group of conditions with similar signs and symptoms that affect the temporomandibular joints, the muscles of mastication, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • interactions
  • When Ca 2+ binds to the low-affinity site(s) of TnC, the inhibition by TnI of the actomyosin ATPase is removed by protein-protein interactions among the Tn subunits, tropomyosin, and actin, allowing muscle to contract. (ahajournals.org)
  • signs
  • One of the signs of CNS damage after stroke is muscle spasticity, which is caused by an upper motor neuron (UMN) lesion. (hindawi.com)
  • neck
  • When going through muscle groups, individuals can start with the head and neck and progress to the feet, or vice versa. (ons.org)