Loading...
  • Loko
  • One of the companies that received warning letters was Phusion Projects, of Chicago, Illinois, which makes Four Loko -- a drink nicknamed 'blackout in a can' by some users. (cnn.com)
  • Kallman described Moonshot as a craft beer that has about 4 percent alcohol by weight, about two-thirds the caffeine of a cup of coffee and is sold in only three cities -- 'and yet it's being singled out with Four Loko and Joose. (cnn.com)
  • The controversy exploded in October, when nine underage students at Central Washington University were hospitalized after drinking Four Loko, both on its own and mixed with other drinks, police reported. (cnn.com)
  • Critics say drinks like Four Loko mix caffeine equal to the amount in three cups of coffee with the alcoholic equivalent of three cans of beer and are designed to appeal to younger consumers accustomed to consuming high-caffeine energy drinks. (cnn.com)
  • A 23.5-ounce can of Four Loko contains either 6 or 12 percent alcohol by volume, depending on state regulations. (cnn.com)
  • Phusion has compared Four Loko to popular drinks like rum and cola or Irish coffee that also mix caffeine and alcohol. (cnn.com)
  • Washington and four other states -- New York, Utah, Michigan and Oklahoma -- already have taken steps to remove Four Loko and similar drinks from store shelves. (cnn.com)
  • Caffeinated alcoholic drinks such as Four Loko, Joose, Sparks and Tilt were the most popular around the U.S. The beverages, which combine malt liquor or other grain alcohol with caffeine and juices at alcohol concentrations up to about 14 percent, have become popular among younger generations. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the more popular drinks, Four Loko, mixed an amount of caffeine equal to three cups of coffee, with alcohol equivalent to about three cans of beer. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 23.5-U.S.-fluid-ounce (690 ml) can of Four Loko contains either 6 or 12 percent alcohol by volume, depending on state regulations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In November 2010, the agency told the manufacturers of seven such beverages, including Four Loko, that their drinks are a "public health concern" and can not stay on the market in their current form. (wikipedia.org)
  • In September 2011, Phusion introduced 16 oz. cans of their drink in hi-cone four packs known as Four Poco Loko, with 8% ABV and included flavors Black cherry, mango, lemonade, and Green apple. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four Loko kept the standard 12% alcohol but in a reduced can size of 16oz, and with only three flavors: Grape, Fruit Punch, and Watermelon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Addiction
  • Professor Hugh Perry, Chair of the MRC's Neurosciences and Mental Health Board, said: "Alcohol addiction places a huge burden on the individual, their family and wider society. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • and the risk of alcohol addiction, and all that that entails. (learn-about-alcoholism.com)
  • University of Sussex psychologist Professor Dai Stephens, who leads the Medical Research Council Addiction cross-university team working on how chemical receptors in the brain influence drug abuse, said: "Why some people abuse alcohol while others are readily able to control their drinking is still something of a mystery for science. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • ccsa.ca
  • If your organization would like to apply to become an official supporter of the Guidelines, please email us at alcohol@ccsa.ca . (ccsa.ca)
  • cancers
  • Overall, while this paper supports the well-known association between heavy drinking and an increased risk of upper aero-digestive and certain other cancers, it adds little information useful for the prevention of most types of cancer. (medindia.net)
  • Alcohol is associated with an increased risk of a number of cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has shown their risk of developing these cancers is 35 times higher than in individuals who neither smoke nor drink. (wikipedia.org)
  • carcinogen
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer) of the World Health Organization has classified alcohol as a Group 1 carcinogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer) of the World Health Organization has classified alcohol as a Group 1 carcinogen, similar to arsenic, benzene and asbestos. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a review, Pöschl and Seitz list some possible mechanisms of alcohol as a carcinogen: local effects of alcohol metabolism to acetaldehyde (which may be mutagenic at physiologically meaningful levels) induction of CYP2E1 nutritional deficiencies interactions with retinoids alcohol and methylation alcohol and immune surveillance Purohita et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetes
  • Those taking one drink a day were 58 percent less likely to develop diabetes. (drmirkin.com)
  • Those taking two drinks a day were 250 percent less likely to develop diabetes. (drmirkin.com)
  • Those taking more than two drinks a day had a marked increase in diabetes. (drmirkin.com)
  • Prevention or control of diabetes probably has more to do with the diet people eat than the alcohol they drink. (drmirkin.com)
  • Some studies found that drinking small quantities of alcohol (up to one standard drink per day for women and one to two drinks per day for men) is associated with a decreased risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and early death. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • They are informed by the technical report, Alcohol and Health in Canada: A Summary of Evidence and Guidelines for Low Risk Drinking . (ccsa.ca)
  • Reduce your risk of injury and harm by drinking no more than 3 drinks (for women) and 4 drinks (for men) on any single occasion. (camh.ca)
  • Low-risk drinking helps to promote a culture of moderation. (camh.ca)
  • Low-risk drinking supports healthy lifestyles. (camh.ca)
  • Alcohol and health in Canada: A summary of evidence and guidelines for low-risk drinking. (camh.ca)
  • And, a doctors organization this week put alcohol on its list of things to avoid to reduce your cancer risk. (seniorjournal.com)
  • Specifically, the results show that individuals who consume 17 percent less alcohol per week have on average a 10 percent reduced risk of coronary heart disease, lower blood pressure and a lower Body Mass Index. (seniorjournal.com)
  • This has led some people to drink moderately based on the belief that it would lower their risk of heart disease. (seniorjournal.com)
  • Two to three drinks per day increase risk of colorectal cancer by 21 percent. (seniorjournal.com)
  • Aflatoxin B1, a frequent food contaminate, causes liver cancer, but drinking coffee is associated with a reduced risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk is greater in younger people due to binge drinking which may result in violence or accidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Long-term effects of heavy drinking can inhibit new brain cell development and increase the risk for developing major depressive disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Boffetta and Hashibe list plausible mechanisms as including: a genotoxic effect of acetaldehyde increased oestrogen concentration a role as solvent for tobacco carcinogens production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen species changes in folate metabolism Individuals who both smoke and drink are at a much higher risk of developing mouth, tracheal, and esophageal cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of cancer associated with alcohol consumption is higher in tissues in closest contact on ingestion of alcohol, such as the oral cavity, pharynx and esophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • moderation
  • The LRDG Communications Toolki​t aims at increasing awareness and starting public discussions about drinking in moderation. (ccsa.ca)
  • The communications toolkit provides the resources necessary to share the important messages about drinking in moderation through numerous platforms. (ccsa.ca)
  • So drink with caution, drink slowly, and drink in moderation. (mnn.com)
  • health
  • Also, ​view the Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral online resource to guide health ​​professionals in detecting and addressing harmful alcohol consumption among patients. (ccsa.ca)
  • To the contrary, there is evidence that the combinations of caffeine and alcohol in these products pose a public health concern. (cnn.com)
  • July 10, 2014 For a while now alcohol has had a good run with research studies declaring it a safe or even beneficial drink when it comes to major health threats like heart problems and cancer. (seniorjournal.com)
  • The researchers reviewed evidence from more than 50 studies that linked drinking habits and cardiovascular health for over 260,000 people. (seniorjournal.com)
  • They found that individuals who carry a specific gene which typically leads to lower alcohol consumption over time have, on average, superior cardiovascular health records. (seniorjournal.com)
  • Contrary to what earlier reports have shown, it now appears that any exposure to alcohol has a negative impact upon heart health, says co-lead author Michael Holmes, MD, PhD, research assistant professor in the department of Transplant Surgery at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. (seniorjournal.com)
  • For some time, observational studies have suggested that only heavy drinking was detrimental to cardiovascular health, and that light consumption may actually be beneficial. (seniorjournal.com)
  • By using this genetic marker as an indicator of lower alcohol consumption, the research team was able to identify links between these individuals and improved cardiovascular health. (seniorjournal.com)
  • In a press release, the FDA states "there is evidence that the combinations of caffeine and alcohol in these products pose a public health concern. (wikipedia.org)
  • The health effects of wine are mainly determined by its active ingredient alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • wine
  • If you drink too often or too much, have a beer at every game or a glass of wine with every meal, chances are higher you're contributing to the next generation of alcoholics. (mnn.com)
  • I can't drink beer (hops allergy), and I don't like wine. (metafilter.com)
  • It is advised to drink no more than two glasses of red wine per day to achieve the cardioprotective effects of it. (coalition4healthcare.org)
  • Manufacturers have argued that drinking a caffeinated alcoholic energy drink is indistinguishable from drinking a couple of glasses of wine followed by a couple of cups of coffee. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to systematic reviews and medical associations, people who are nondrinkers should not start drinking wine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wine has a long history of use as an early form of medication, being recommended variously as a safe alternative to drinking water, an antiseptic for treating wounds, a digestive aid, and as a cure for a wide range of ailments including lethargy, diarrhea and pain from child birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The alcohol in wine has anticoagulant properties that limits blood clotting by making the platelets in the blood less prone to stick together and reducing the levels of fibrin protein that binds them together. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the wines drunk in the times depicted in the Hebrew Bible were not diluted with water, after the conquest of Palestine by Alexander the Great the Hellenistic custom of diluting wine had taken hold such that the author of 2 Maccabees speaks of diluted wine as "a more pleasant drink" and of both undiluted wine and unmixed water as "harmful" or "distasteful. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both archaeological evidence and written records indicate the significant cultivation of grapes in ancient Israel and the popularity of wine-drinking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biblical interpreters generally agree that the Hebrew and Christian scriptures condemn ordinary drunkenness as a serious spiritual and moral failing in passages such as these (all from the New International Version): Proverbs 23:20f: "Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat, for drunkards and gluttons become poor, and drowsiness clothes them in rags. (wikipedia.org)
  • Isaiah 5:11f: "Woe to those who rise early in the morning to run after their drinks, who stay up late at night till they are inflamed with wine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ephesians 5:18: "Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Negatively, wine is personified as a mocker and beer a brawler, and drinking a cup of strong wine to the dregs and getting drunk are sometimes presented as a symbol of God's judgment and wrath. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wine was commonly drunk at meals, and the Old Testament prescribed it for use in sacrificial rituals and festal celebrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • St. Paul further instructs Christians regarding their duty toward immature Christians: "It is better not to eat meat or drink wine or to do anything else that will cause your brother to fall. (wikipedia.org)
  • St. Paul later chides the Corinthians for becoming drunk on wine served at their attempted celebrations of the Eucharist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews were a wine-drinking culture well before the foundation of Rome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wine and alcohol in general was as well used for negotiations and, was therefore a very important part of the trading process. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • But 'we didn't see these kinds of events when people were drinking irish coffees,' Robert McKenna, Washington's state attorney general, told reporters. (cnn.com)
  • This question comes up frequently and, although many people say they drink with antidepressants with no effects, there's no predicting how it will affect you. (drugs.com)
  • If you feel like you can't have a good time without booze then, at least, be sure you're with people who can keep an eye on you, drive you home, etc. (drugs.com)
  • Professional cardiology associations recommend that people who are currently nondrinkers should not start drinking alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there are records and journals written by individuals that were either travelling or were members of the Mughal court, which strongly suggest the overuse of alcohol and its social connection within the people and castes. (wikipedia.org)
  • deaths
  • Contaminated alcohol was the cause of close to 50 deaths in Ecuador earlier this month, with 150 more hospitalized after consuming alcohol mixed with methanol while celebrating traditional holidays. (mnn.com)
  • About 88,000 deaths in the US are estimated to be due to alcohol each year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data from 2009 indicated 3.5 percent of cancer deaths in the U.S. were due to consumption of alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • beer
  • Even if they don't get drunk after consuming large amounts, the calories are all empty with no nutritional value, so a beer belly is the result - at best - of continued overdrinking. (mnn.com)
  • I don't like beer, so I go with cider instead if I'm looking for a low-key drink. (metafilter.com)
  • Anyways, anytime I take an SSRI, I can get a hangover from one beer let alone getting drunk. (drugs.com)
  • Additionally, the inhabitants of ancient Israel drank beer, and wines made from fruits other than grapes, and references to these appear in scripture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence
  • This evidence may suggest that there is a cocarcinogenic interaction between alcohol and tobacco-related carcinogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • The authors make broad statements such as 'alcohol has negative effects on total mortality', which is not supported by the data presented in their paper, and is contradicted by most large-scale population-based studies. (medindia.net)
  • Mixed results are also observed in light drinking and cancer mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • wines
  • And like a variety of beers, wines, liquors, etc., but if I'm going for a full-on drunk I like a pina colada. (metafilter.com)
  • cider
  • Frozen fruit and yogurt smoothies, spiced hot cider, organic, fair trade iced coffee and lattes and homemade fruit punch are all awesome drinks to serve guests. (mnn.com)
  • genetic
  • Working at the MRC Mammalian Genetics Unit, a team led by Professor Howard Thomas from Imperial College London introduced subtle mutations into the genetic code at random throughout the genome and tested mice for alcohol preference. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Equivalent
  • Equivalent to murder, getting into a car after drinking is as stupid and dangerous as handing a baby a carving knife - it's liable to have disastrous results. (mnn.com)
  • biblical times
  • Alcohol was also used for medicinal purposes in biblical times, and it appears in that context in several passages-as an oral anesthetic, a topical cleanser and soother, and a digestive aid. (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of sertraline such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. (drugs.com)
  • women
  • The Guidelines recommend no more than two drinks a day, 10 per week for women, and three drinks a day, 15 per week for men , with an extra drink allowed on special occasions. (ccsa.ca)
  • Social drinking amongst women has become a fad. (medindia.net)
  • typically
  • Mixing drinks, while not typically fatal, can also have an unpleasant effect including extreme nausea and frightfully uncool vomiting. (mnn.com)
  • found
  • I have similar alcohol (non)preferences, and after some experimentation I've found that gin is the hard liquor that I find most palatable in cocktails. (metafilter.com)
  • The majority of these alcohol poisoning cases were found on college campuses throughout the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rakomelo can be found as a bottled mixed drink in liquor stores, ready to be served. (wikipedia.org)
  • Content
  • The name "Four" is derived from the original drink's content of four standard drinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a year, the company was running low on investment and decided to drop the wormwood, focusing instead on improving the flavor and increasing the alcohol content. (wikipedia.org)
  • shelves
  • In the late 1970s, the latter drink disappeared from shelves in the United States, and it was thereafter renamed and reformulated for U.S. distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bible
  • They held that both the Bible and Christian tradition taught that alcohol is a gift from God that makes life more joyous, but that over-indulgence leading to drunkenness is sinful or at least a vice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Christian views on alcohol come from what the Bible says about it, along with Jewish and Christian traditions. (wikipedia.org)