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  • Vaccines
  • New vaccines open way to tell infected horses from inoculated ones. (horsetalk.co.nz)
  • In this report, the global African Horse Sickness Vaccines market is valued at USD XX million in 2016 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022. (reportsnreports.com)
  • From 1908 until the 1950s, after which many enzootic and epizootic diseases had been exterminated or controlled, Onderstepoort revealed the etiology and provenance of diseases such as lamsiekte, geeldikkop (a photodynamic disease of southern African sheep, caused by the ingestion of certain plants and a consequent sensitisation to light, causing intense jaundice and facial edema) and African horsesickness, and produced vaccines, some of which were globally adopted. (wikipedia.org)
  • During World War II South Africa supplied horsesickness vaccines to the British forces in Egypt and the Middle East, and played a large part in the rinderpest inoculation campaign in Tanganyika, managing to stop its southward spread. (wikipedia.org)
  • Midges
  • Researchers found that the insecticide deltamethrin did not appear to prevent midges from feeding on horses. (thehorse.com)
  • African horse sickness: Where are midges that can carry the disease likely to spread? (horsetalk.co.nz)
  • The severity of African horse sickness (AHS) is strongly linked to the immunity status of the horse concerned, and the dose of the virus it receives from biting midges. (farmersweekly.co.za)
  • Stabling between 4pm and 10am is very important, particularly for young horses, as this is when midges are active. (farmersweekly.co.za)
  • Control of the midges is usually only instigated for domesticated stabled horses, and includes precautionary measures such as the limited use of lights at night, as well as the use of fly repellents and fans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Class Insecta Order Diptera (two-winged flies) sub-order Nematocera Family Culicidae (Mosquitoes) Family Ceratopogonidae (Biting midges) Family Psychodidae (Sandflies) Family Simuliidae (Black-flies) sub-order Brachycera Family Tabanidae (Horse-flies) Family Muscidae (House-flies and others) Family Glossinidae (Tsetse-flies) Family Calliphoridae (Blow-flies) Family Oestridae (Bot-flies and others) Family Hippoboscidae (Louse-flies) (Note that the former sub-Order Cyclorrhapha is now usually classified as part of the Brachycera. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • One species in Senegal particularly drawn to horses. (horsetalk.co.nz)
  • This species is also the most important vector of orbiviruses across vast geographic regions in Africa, the Mediterranean and southern Europe (Mellor, Boorman & Baylis 2000). (scielo.org.za)
  • PHSV was also isolated from horses showing similar clinical signs in 1999 in the Northern Territory of Australia, though the Australian isolate was called Elsey virus until it was determined to likely be the same species as PHSV. (wikipedia.org)
  • This particular species has been recorded so far in Africa, Asia and Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015, a genetic study found that the golden jackal of Africa was a separate species to that of Eurasia, and so it was renamed the African golden wolf. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study proposes that due to this long separation, which is longer than the separation of the African golden wolf from the wolf lineage, that the two subspecies might warrant separate species status. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many species of flies of the two-winged type, Order Diptera, such as mosquitoes, horse-flies, blow-flies and warble-flies cause direct parasitic disease to domestic animals, and transmit organisms that cause diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Equus hemionus), also known as hemione or Asiatic wild ass, is a species of the family Equidae (horse family) native to Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Indian wild ass, as with most other Asian wild ass subspecies, is quite different from the African wild ass species. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • In 2017, jackal relationships were further explored, with an mDNA study finding that the two black-backed jackal subspecies had diverged from each other 1.4 million years ago to form the central African and east African populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccine
  • I also remember how we had to vaccinate all 30 horses 2 doses 3 weeks apart as it's a live attenuated vaccine we had to keep it cool all the way from the vet to us, inject it as quickly as possible sub-cutaneous and then rest the horse during the middle week after each vaccine. (inthesaddle.com)
  • African horse sickness caused by genome reassortment and reversion to virulence of live, attenuated vaccine viruses, South Africa, 2004-2014. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Notable were the etiology of the cattle disease lamsiekte and the development of a successful vaccine against African horse sickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mild
  • AHS manifests itself in four different forms: the pulmonary form, the cardiac form, a mild (horse sickness fever) form, and a mixed form. (wikipedia.org)
  • While I was there one of the horses did indeed get the mild non dangerous form of it and I remember vividly as everyone monitored him carefully and treated him symptomatically. (inthesaddle.com)
  • Horses can also be infected with a combination of the above two types, the disease then shows itself initially by mild respiratory signs followed by the typical swellings of the cardiac form. (inthesaddle.com)
  • Three clinical form of the disease occur, an acute or pulmonary form, a cardiac or sub acute form and a mild form known as 'horse sickness fever'.In the acute form, fever, dyspnoea, increased breathing rate (60-75 per minute), paroxysmal cough and nasal discharge are commonly seen. (expertsmind.com)
  • Marked subcutaneous oedema and hydropericardium are the lesions observed in the cardiac form.In Mild or 'horse sickness fever' form of infection, the clinical signs consist of influenza-like symptoms and a transient fever up to 40 C can occur for 2-3 days. (expertsmind.com)
  • diseases
  • The OIE has described management "pillars" to keep most diseases at bay for high-health, high-performance horses. (thehorse.com)
  • Find out which foreign animal diseases North American horse owners need to keep an eye on and why. (thehorse.com)
  • vaccination
  • The vaccination status was an important risk factor, with vaccinated horses 0.12 times less likely to die from the disease compared with unvaccinated horses. (scielo.org.za)
  • This study highlights the importance of adequately protecting horses against African horse sickness by providing immunisation through vaccination and discusses the need to review current vaccination strategies being practiced in Zimbabwe. (scielo.org.za)
  • Vaccination is crucial for all horses older than six months, and horses should be vaccinated between 1 June and 1 October annually. (farmersweekly.co.za)
  • Controlling vectors with insecticides has not been successful for most horse owners, but vaccination has been known to be the best management tool to successfully control the disease. (farmersweekly.co.za)
  • fever
  • In the meantime, your vet can treat the symptoms, using anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the fluid in the lungs, or treating piroplasmosis, Lyme disease or babesiosis if the horse is anaemic, shows fever, or has a positive blood smear. (farmersweekly.co.za)
  • Most of what we were seeing was something our vet calls 'African Horse Sickness Fever' usually presenting as just a medium to high temperature for a few days, treated with Finadyne (Flunixin) or Phenylbutazone. (inthesaddle.com)
  • Typically, the horse presents with signs of depression and listlessness but is usually eating with a fluctuating fever. (inthesaddle.com)
  • By the end of the 1940s two major curses of Africa had virtually been eliminated - East Coast fever, a tick-borne disease, and nagana, spread by the tsetse fly. (wikipedia.org)
  • ponies
  • Brumbies are the descendants of escaped or lost horses, dating back in some cases to those belonging to the early European settlers, including the "Capers" from South Africa, Timor Ponies from Indonesia, British pony and draught horse breeds, and a significant number of Thoroughbreds and Arabians. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • Although it has a less than 5% mortality rate, it unfortunately lowers the resistance of the horse to other viruses like AHS. (inthesaddle.com)
  • In Africa, local breeds of sheep may have no mortality, but in imported breeds it may be up to 90 percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Theiler
  • Petrus Johann du Toit (16 March 1888 - 13 November 1967) was a noted South African veterinary scientist and the successor of Arnold Theiler as Director of Veterinary Services at Onderstepoort between 1927 and 1948. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first recipient, in 1908, was the eminent veterinary scientist Sir Arnold Theiler (1867-1936), for his work on trypanosomes and African horse sickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • populations
  • Throughout the 20th century, the replacement of horses with machines in farming led to further reductions in demand, and may have also contributed to increases in feral populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vets
  • Indeed, vets are now obliged to take a blood sample from a live horse, or a spleen specimen at post-mortem, if they suspect AHS. (farmersweekly.co.za)
  • South African
  • Containment zone reduced in size by South African authorities. (horsetalk.co.nz)
  • He was president of the first medical congress in South Africa and editor of the South African Medical Journal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1900 he was awarded a doctorate for his thesis,[citation needed] South-African horse-sickness: its pathology and methods of protective inoculation. (wikipedia.org)
  • South African Horse-sickness: Its Pathology and Methods of Protective Inoculation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Variety Club (foaled 8 September 2008) is a South African Thoroughbred racehorse. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was voted South African Horse of the Year in both 2012 and 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Variety Club's dam La Massine was a granddaughter of the South African Oaks winner Novenna, herself a descendant of the Hungarian mare Pompea who produced the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Crapom. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the end of the South African season Variety Club went into quarantine, firstly in Mauritius and then in the United Kingdom to prepare for an international campaign in 2014. (wikipedia.org)
  • Three weeks later Variety Club was one of fifteen runners to contest the 21st running of the Godolphin Mile and started the 11/2 third favourite behind his fellow South African Soft Falling Rain (winner of the race in 2013) and Shuruq. (wikipedia.org)
  • His friendly nature and his brilliance as a speaker led to his inclusion on many boards and committees and did much to improve the role of science in South African and international affairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The South Africa Medal (gold), originally funded by a grant from the British Science Association in 1905, is awarded annually to recognise exceptional contributions to the advancement of science on a broad front or in a specific field, by an eminent South African scientist. (wikipedia.org)
  • The British Association Medal (silver), originally funded by a grant from the British Science Association in 1929, is awarded annually to a South African scientist under the age of 40 who is actively engaged in research and has, by way of international participation and publications, shown outstanding capability and achievements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The S2A3 Masters Medals (bronze) serve to commend outstanding South African science research students graduating at the Masters level. (wikipedia.org)
  • These medals are awarded annually to one candidate selected by each South African university. (wikipedia.org)
  • death
  • Good where can i buy doxyderma pills in south africa were all early matter the death of the concern, whilst whole specimen4? (skyviewprop.com)
  • The writer J. R. R. Tolkien was born in the city on 3 January 1892, though his family left South Africa following the death of his father, Arthur Tolkien, while Tolkien was only three. (wikipedia.org)
  • south
  • That strict free cells are entirely able, and that some of these deserve where can i buy doxyderma pills in south africa to the united states pharmacopeia. (skyviewprop.com)
  • South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa, its coastline stretching more than 2,500 kilometres (1,600 miles) from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic (western) coast southwards around the tip of Africa and then northeast to the border with Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. (wikipedia.org)
  • South African central plateau contains only two major rivers: the Limpopo (a stretch of which is shared with Zimbabwe) the Orange (with its tributary, the Vaal) which runs with a variable flow across the central landscape from east to west, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean at the Namibian border The eastern and southern coastal regions are drained by numerous shorter rivers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like much of the African continent south of the Sahara, South Africa's landscape is dominated by a high Central Plateau surrounded by coastal lowlands. (wikipedia.org)
  • In South Africa the plateau is at its highest in the east where its edge varies in altitude between 2,000 m and 3,300 m. (wikipedia.org)
  • These are the Cape Fold Mountains, whose rocks were laid down 510 - 350 million years ago, and were then crumpled into a series of parallel folds by the collision of the Falkland Plateau into the south of what was to become Africa when it was part of Gondwana. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perdekop, (Afrikaans for horses hill), is a small town situated on top of a 1,889 m peak in the Mpumalanga province, in South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • On Route in South Africa: Explore South Africa region by region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Myoporum laetum has been introduced to several other countries including Portugal, South Africa and Namibia. (wikipedia.org)
  • and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals (the other two being Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital) and is the seventh largest city in South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bloemfontein hosts the Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa, the Franklin Game Reserve, Naval Hill, the Maselspoort Resort and the Sand du Plessis Theatre. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1910 it became the Judicial capital of the Union of South Africa The Orange Free State was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conference was a final attempt to avert a war between Britain and the South African Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • These are believed to have consisted of one stallion, one colt, three mares, and two fillies from Cape Town, South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • Feelgood Pets Online Pet Health Store offers natural and organic cruelty-free, environmentally friendly pet remedies, supplements, vitamins, grooming products, clothing and toys for dogs, cats, birds & horses. (feelgoodpets.com)
  • second
  • With the defeat by the United States, France and Spain in the War of American Independence, Britain lost its 13 American colonies and rebuilt its second British Empire based in Asia and Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • turn
  • Unfortunately, the expedition was struck by widespread sickness and was forced to turn sail for England. (wikipedia.org)
  • The poor condition of the ship and sickness among her crew compelled Lady Penrhyn to turn back from this voyage when she had gone only as far as Matavai Bay, Tahiti, where the crew recovered and the ship was repaired. (wikipedia.org)
  • western
  • Rabies African sleeping sickness Dirofilariasis Eastern equine encephalitis Japanese encephalitis Saint Louis encephalitis Tularemia Venezuelan equine encephalitis West Nile fever Western equine encephalitis Zika fever Pets can transmit a number of diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • hill
  • Formerly Paardekop, 'horses hill', from the practice of keeping horses there when horse-sickness prevailed in lower lying areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The city hosts numerous museums, including the National Women´s Monument, the Anglo-Boer War Museum, the National Museum, and the Oliewenhuis Art Museum Bloemfontein also hosts sub-Saharan Africa´s first digital planetarium, the Naval Hill Planetarium and Boyden Observatory, an astronomical research observatory erected by Harvard University. (wikipedia.org)
  • open
  • Whitney seems to have had the use that his medical ones commenced when the individual was arrested, but this is tained by the medicine of drs. of these, ten had warm water, five barley of the open aspirant, and six horse of the same mucus. (skyviewprop.com)
  • Warden originally chose the site largely because of its proximity to the main route to Winburg, the spacious open country, and the absence of horse sickness. (wikipedia.org)