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  • Fluid
  • The Venturi effect is the reduction in fluid pressure that results when a fluid flows through a constricted section (or choke) of a pipe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The limiting case of the Venturi effect is when a fluid reaches the state of choked flow , where the fluid velocity approaches the local speed of sound . (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • A nocebo effect is said to occur when negative expectations of the patient regarding a treatment cause the treatment to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would have. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assessment
  • We find out how to identify and address overlooked web security vulnerabilities, how security controls affect web security assessment results and why web opportunities must be met with appropriate security controls. (computerweekly.com)
  • Nutrition
  • The size of the effect, it's measurable, but it's small when you compare it to big significant things - like nutrition, education or significant childhood illness," says study co-author Dr Justin Skowno, from the University of Sydney. (theage.com.au)
  • Trying to compare large populations of children while correcting for the many things that can affect their development - poverty, education, nutrition - is an inexact science. (theage.com.au)
  • mechanisms
  • The Brussels effect is the process of unilateral regulatory globalisation caused by the European Union de facto (but not necessarily de jure ) externalising its laws outside its borders through market mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The optical Kerr effect has also been observed to dynamically alter the mode-coupling properties in multimode fibre, a technique that has potential applications for all-optical switching mechanisms, nanophotonic systems and low-dimensional photo-sensors devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • It has been shown that, due to the nocebo effect, warning patients about side effects of drugs can contribute to the causation of such effects, whether the drug is real or not. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2013 review found that nearly 1 out of 20 patients receiving a placebo in clinical trials for depression dropped out due to adverse events, which were believed to have been caused by the nocebo effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • These findings suggest that a further understanding of autism will likely come not from the study of factors affecting one brain area or system, but from the study of factors affecting many systems," says NICHD director Duane Alexander, MD. (webmd.com)
  • One major Australian study looking at general anaesthetic found no effect on two-year-olds - although it's possible, says Professor Davidson, the effects take some time to manifest. (theage.com.au)
  • found
  • The first example of such an effect was described by Wilhelm Röntgen in 1888, who found that a dielectric material moving through an electric field would become magnetized. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • In our typical medical model, we don't think of subjective feelings as affecting health," remarked first author Dr. Carla Perissinotto , an assistant professor in the UCSF Division of Geriatrics, in a prepared statement. (redorbit.com)
  • form
  • In its most general form, the magnetoelectric effect (ME) denotes any coupling between the magnetic and the electric properties of a material. (wikipedia.org)
  • The California effect and the Brussels effect are a form of 'race to the top' where the most stringent standard has an appeal to companies operating across multiple regulatory environments as it makes global production and exports easier. (wikipedia.org)
  • entire
  • Aug. 16, 2006 - New research is challenging the long-held belief that autism autism affects only those regions of the brain that control social interaction, communication, and reasoning -- suggesting, instead, that the disorder affects the entire brain . (webmd.com)
  • process
  • If you interfere in any way with this very complex process, you could imagine a drug that generally slows that process down would affect development. (theage.com.au)
  • cause
  • According to current pharmacological knowledge and the current understanding of cause and effect , a placebo contains no chemical (or any other agent) that could possibly cause any of the observed worsening in the subject's symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Verbal suggestion can cause hyperalgesia (increased sensitivity to pain) and allodynia (perception of a tactile stimulus as painful) as a result of the nocebo effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect was discovered by Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, although he did not identify the cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • wire
  • The Seebeck effect is the conversion of heat directly into electricity at the junction of different types of wire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even a more passive device such as a current clamp , which measures the wire current without coming into physical contact with the wire, affects the current through the circuit being measured because the inductance is mutual . (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • The term Brussels effect was coined in 2012 by Professor Anu Bradford of Columbia Law School and named after the similar California effect that can be seen within the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "thermoelectric effect" encompasses three separately identified effects: the Seebeck effect , Peltier effect , and Thomson effect . (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Recently, technological and theoretical progress, driven in large part by the advent of multiferroic materials, triggered a renaissance of these studies and magnetoelectric effect is still heavily investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professor Davidson, speaking on behalf of Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists, pointed to a range of other studies that have shown no effect. (theage.com.au)
  • people
  • Vogel noted during an April 27, 2010, learning session held here as part of the 11th Annual Linkage Summit on Leading Diversity that most organizations employ people affected by disabilities. (shrm.org)
  • In the field of psychology , the Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which people of low ability have illusory superiority and mistakenly assess their cognitive ability as greater than it is. (wikipedia.org)
  • directly
  • The Kerr effect is distinct from the Pockels effect in that the induced index change is directly proportional to the square of the electric field instead of varying linearly with it. (wikipedia.org)
  • These findings have led to a popular misconception that observation by a conscious mind can directly affect reality, though this has been rejected by mainstream science. (wikipedia.org)
  • current
  • Joule heating , the heat that is generated whenever a current is passed through a resistive material, is related, though it is not generally termed a thermoelectric effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In electronics , ammeters and voltmeters are usually wired in series or parallel to the circuit, and so by their very presence affect the current or the voltage they are measuring by way of presenting an additional real or complex load to the circuit, thus changing the transfer function and behavior of the circuit itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • case
  • The Kerr electro-optic effect, or DC Kerr effect, is the special case in which a slowly varying external electric field is applied by, for instance, a voltage on electrodes across the sample material. (wikipedia.org)
  • The optical Kerr effect, or AC Kerr effect is the case in which the electric field is due to the light itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect is used in this case to fold space at the quantum level, allowing the Spacing Guild's heighliner ships to instantaneously travel far distances across space without actually moving at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • series
  • A mathematical formulation of the linear magnetoelectric effect was included in L. D. Landau and E. Lifshitz famous book series on theoretical physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • Historically, the first and most studied example of this effect is the linear magnetoelectric effect . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Seebeck effect is a classic example of an electromotive force (emf) and leads to measurable currents or voltages in the same way as any other emf. (wikipedia.org)
  • find
  • The combination of market size, market importance , relatively stringent standards and regulatory capacity of the European Union can have the effect that firms trading internationally find that it is not economically, legally or technically practical to maintain lower standards in non-EU markets. (wikipedia.org)
  • materials
  • For applications of the thermoelectric effect, see thermoelectric materials and thermoelectric cooling . (wikipedia.org)
  • All materials show a Kerr effect, but certain liquids display it more strongly than others. (wikipedia.org)
  • direct
  • The thermoelectric effect is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice versa via a thermocouple . (wikipedia.org)
  • change
  • This effect can be used to generate electricity, measure temperature or change the temperature of objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kerr effect , also called the quadratic electro-optic ( QEO ) effect , is a change in the refractive index of a material in response to an applied electric field . (wikipedia.org)
  • science
  • Basically the science of food's affect on mood is based on this: Dietary changes can bring about changes in our brain structure (chemically and physiologically), which can lead to altered behavior. (webmd.com)
  • sensitive
  • Some promising applications of the ME effect are sensitive detection of magnetic fields, advanced logic devices and tunable microwave filters. (wikipedia.org)
  • applications
  • According to the Legends of Dune prequel trilogy by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson (2002-2004), the Holtzman effect is named after the scientist who discovered it, Tio Holtzman (though for many of its applications, Holtzman in fact takes credit for the mathematical theories of his assistant, Norma Cenva). (wikipedia.org)
  • field
  • These are frequently used to modulate light, since the Kerr effect responds very quickly to changes in electric field. (wikipedia.org)
  • come
  • Microwaves create a reverse polarity effect on water and come into play when one end of a water molecule is positive while the other end is negative. (hubpages.com)
  • however
  • It is increasingly clear, however, that other areas of brain function are affected as well, including balance, movement and memory. (webmd.com)
  • The Kerr effect is still present, however, and in many cases can be detected independently of Pockels effect contributions. (wikipedia.org)