• The Holtzman effect is a fictional scientific phenomenon in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert, beginning with the 1965 novel Dune. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article is about the thermoelectric effect as a physical phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the magneto-optic phenomenon of the same name, see magneto-optic Kerr effect . (wikipedia.org)
  • The magneto-optic Kerr effect (MOKE) is the phenomenon that the light reflected from a magnetized material has a slightly rotated plane of polarization. (wikipedia.org)
  • In physics , the observer effect is the fact that simply observing a situation or phenomenon necessarily changes that phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lee-Boot effect is a phenomenon concerning the suppression or prolongation of oestrous cycles of mature female mice (and other rodents), when females are housed in groups and isolated from males. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect consciousness, or affect integration (which is a more generic term for the same phenomenon), refers to an individual's ability to consciously perceive, tolerate, reflect upon, and express affects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fading affect bias, more commonly known as FAB, is a psychological phenomenon in which information regarding negative emotions tends to be forgotten more quickly than that associated with pleasant emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • See here See 2012 phenomenon and refer to this page for a list of reputable sites contradicting this view Nostradamus Effect - Extinction 2012 Even though Nostradamus, contrary to popular tradition, in fact makes no direct reference to Hitler See the detailed research on this topic here. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain illnesses may be socially affected via the anticipation phenomenon, and cohort effects can be an indicator of this sort of phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ganzfeld effect (from German for "complete field"), or perceptual deprivation, is a phenomenon of perception caused by exposure to an unstructured, uniform stimulation field. (wikipedia.org)
  • The triboelectric effect is now considered to be related to the phenomenon of adhesion, where two materials composed of different molecules tend to stick together because of attraction between the different molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was named after the astronomer D. J. K. O'Connell, SJ of Riverview College in New South Wales who in 1951 studied this phenomenon and distinguished it from the so-called periastron effect described by earlier authors, as it does not necessarily appear near the periastron, when tidal effects and an increase in mutual radiation may cause an increase in luminosity. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Jargon File, the term "Slashdot effect" refers to phenomenon of a website becoming virtually unreachable because too many people are hitting it after the site was mentioned in an interesting article on the popular Slashdot news service. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Circe effect is a phenomenon proposed by William Jencks seen in chemistry and biochemistry where in order to speed up a reaction, the ground state of the substrate is destabilized by an enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Projection effect may refer to: Front projection effect, in-camera visual effect Rear projection effect, in-camera visual effect Insolation#Projection effect, the amount of sunlight onto a portion of the Earth relative to its tilt In astronomy, a type of observational illusion caused by viewing distant objects or phenomenon from a particular perspective. (wikipedia.org)
  • In statistics, an effect size is a quantitative measure of the strength of a phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect has been known since the ending period after World War I. Italian economist Costantino Bresciani Turroni described a similar phenomenon for the German hyperinflation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In telecommunications, the capture effect, or FM capture effect, is a phenomenon associated with FM reception in which only the stronger of two signals at, or near, the same frequency or channel will be demodulated. (wikipedia.org)
  • A threshold effect is a sudden and radical change in a phenomenon which often occurs after surpassing a quantitative limit, called the threshold. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Schottky effect or field enhanced thermionic emission is a phenomenon in condensed matter physics named after Walter H. Schottky. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ranschburg effect is named after Hungarian psychiatrist Paul Ranschburg, who reported the phenomenon in 1901. (wikipedia.org)
  • This phenomenon is further supported by the evidence from extensive studies on the trans effect, which in turn shows how ligands that are actually strong sigma donors and pi-acceptors weaken the M-L bond trans to them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diffusion of responsibility: This is a phenomenon whereby a person is less likely to take responsibility for an action or inaction while others are present, and it has been shown to contribute to the discontinuity effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The wick effect is a phenomenon that is found to occur under certain conditions, and has been thoroughly observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • He expresses the concern that "alternative facts" exploit this effect to confuse what scienfic facts really are and highlights the importance of critical thinking skills to counter this phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The eccentricity effect is a visual phenomenon that affects target processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • A related phenomenon is known as the Second Wien Effect or the dissociation field effect, and it involves increased dissociation constants of weak acids at high electrical gradients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The shaft effect, also known as elevator effect or shaft jacking, is a phenomenon occurring in shaft-drive motorcycles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Na effect means the phenomenon as independent electro thermal tissue coagulation around each electrode of bipolar radio frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • The autokinetic effect (also referred to as autokinesis) is a phenomenon of visual perception in which a stationary, small point of light in an otherwise dark or featureless environment appears to move. (wikipedia.org)
  • The McGurk effect is a perceptual phenomenon that demonstrates an interaction between hearing and vision in speech perception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people, including those that have been researching the phenomenon for more than twenty years, experience the effect even when they are aware that it is taking place. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bradley effect posits that the inaccurate polls were skewed by the phenomenon of social desirability bias. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spotlight effect is the phenomenon in which people tend to believe they are being noticed more than they really are. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many professionals in social psychology encourage people to be conscious of the spotlight effect and to allow this phenomenon to moderate the extent to which one believes one is in a social spotlight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another related phenomenon is called the false-consensus effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The self-as-target bias is another closely linked phenomenon with the spotlight effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Diderot effect is a social phenomenon related to consumer goods that comprises two ideas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The birthday effect (sometimes called the birthday blues, especially when referring specifically to suicide) is a statistical phenomenon where an individual's likelihood of death appears to increase on or close to their birthday. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Faraday-efficiency effect refers to the potential for misinterpretation of data from experiments in electrochemistry through failure to take into account a Faraday efficiency of less than 100 per cent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of these disabilities have an effect on memory, which refers to the ability to recall what has been learned over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Leveling effect or solvent leveling refers to the effect of solvent on the properties of acids and bases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Neupert Effect refers to an empirical tendency for high-energy ('hard') X-ray emission to coincide temporally with the rate of rise of lower-energy ('soft') X-ray emission of a solar flare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bank effect refers to the tendency of the stern of a ship to swing toward the near bank when operating in a river or constricted waterway. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the "CNN effect" most commonly refers to the effect that news media have on politics and government during political conflict, its effect on decisions made during natural disasters is also noteworthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therapeutic effect refers to the responses(s) after a treatment of any kind, the results of which are judged to be desirable and beneficial. (wikipedia.org)
  • An adverse effect, including nocebo, on the other hand, refers to harmful or undesired responses(s). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Certainty effect refers to the psychological effect resulting from the reduction of probability from certainty to probable (Tversky & Kahneman 1986). (wikipedia.org)
  • The term entourage effect refers to a concept and proposed mechanism by which compounds present in cannabis which are largely non-psychoactive by themselves modulate the overall psychoactive effects of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Washback effect refers to the impact of testing on curriculum design, teaching practices, and learning behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bauschinger effect refers to a property of materials where the material's stress/strain characteristics change as a result of the microscopic stress distribution of the material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vertical effect refers to, in English law, the way in which the Human Rights Act impacts on the relationship between individual citizens and the state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ranschburg effect, sometimes referred to as Ranschburg inhibition, is a psychological theory which refers to the substandard recall of repeated items, or listed items, in a short sequence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Keyword competitiveness refers to the search frequency of a word on Google search, with observation suggesting that the higher the search frequency of a word, the increasing likelihood that the sandbox filter effect will come into play. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, as the sandbox effect almost certainly refers to a set of filters in play for anti-spam purposes, it is unlikely Google would ever provide details on the matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Resal effect is a structural engineering term which refers to the way the compressive force acting on a flange of a tapered beam reduces the effective shear force acting on the beam. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hard-easy effect is a cognitive bias that manifests itself as a tendency to overestimate the probability of one's success at a task perceived as hard, and to underestimate the likelihood of one's success at a task perceived as easy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dispositional affect, similar to mood, is a personality trait or overall tendency to respond to situations in stable, predictable ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • variations in AC can be described as follows: "At low levels these scales indicate poor awareness and recognition of affects, a tendency for being overwhelmed by, unable to cope with and unable to decode meaningful information from affect activation, along with disavowal and shutdown of bodily expressive acts and inability to articulate and express semantic descriptions of affective experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cupertino effect is the tendency of a spell checker to replace misspelled words and words not in its dictionary with those that are wrong. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bizarreness effect is the tendency of bizarre material to be better remembered than common material. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hydrophobic effect is the observed tendency of nonpolar substances to aggregate in aqueous solution and exclude water molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • In political science the neighbourhood effect defines the tendency of a person to vote in a certain direction based upon the relational effects of the people living in the neighbourhood. (wikipedia.org)
  • The torque effect experienced in helicopters and single propeller-powered aircraft is an example of Isaac Newton's third law of motion that "for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction" In helicopters, the result of the torque effect is a tendency of the main rotor to want to turn the fuselage in the opposite direction from the rotor. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a single-propeller plane, the result of the torque effect is a tendency of the plane to want to turn upwards and left in response to the propeller wanting to turn (bank) the plane in the opposite direction of the propeller spin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Coandă effect is the tendency of a fast stream of air to bend towards, and adhere to, nearby surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • The positivity effect pertains to the tendency of people, when evaluating the causes of the behaviors of a person they like or prefer, to attribute the person's inherent disposition as the cause of their positive behaviors and the situations surrounding them as the cause of their negative behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reason behind the spotlight effect comes from the innate tendency to forget that although one is the center of one's own world, one is not the center of everyone else's. (wikipedia.org)
  • The false-consensus effect is the opposing theory to the false uniqueness effect, which is the tendency of one to underestimate the extent to which others share the same positive attitudes and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also relevant to the spotlight effect is the illusion of transparency (sometimes called the observer's illusion of transparency), which is people's tendency to overestimate the degree to which their personal mental state is known by others. (wikipedia.org)
  • By analyzing specific structures of affect with the vocabulary of emotions, Marla Carlson builds upon the conception of affect articulated by psychologist Silvan Tomkins. (umich.edu)
  • Affect theory is originally attributed to psychologist Silvan Tomkins and is introduced in the first two volumes of his book Affect Imagery Consciousness (1962). (wikipedia.org)
  • See Also: Affect (psychology) According to psychologist Silvan Tomkins, there are nine primary affects. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of authors and theoretical traditions inspired the development of the AC- construct, most notably Silvan Tomkins' Basic Affect Theory, Script Theoretical formulations by the same author and differential emotions theory (Izard, 1977, 1991). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jahn-Teller effect , sometimes also known as Jahn-Teller distortion , describes the geometrical distortion of molecules and ions that is associated with certain electron configurations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blunted affect, however, describes a dulled or constricted response, where a person's emotional response is not as intense as normally expected. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Kelly describes relationships as agreements to mutually work toward maximizing positive affect and minimizing negative affect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fluid dynamics, the Küssner effect describes the unsteady aerodynamic forces on an airfoil or hydrofoil caused by encountering a transverse gust. (wikipedia.org)
  • A context effect is an aspect of cognitive psychology that describes the influence of environmental factors on one's perception of a stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Fåhræus effect definitely influences the Fåhræus-Lindqvist effect, which describes the dependence of apparent viscosity of blood on the capillary size, but the former is not the only cause of the latter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Dole effect, named after Malcolm Dole, describes an inequality in the ratio of the heavy isotope 18O (a "standard" oxygen atom with two additional neutrons) to the lighter 16O, measured in the atmosphere and seawater. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Massenerhebung effect (German for "mountain mass elevation") describes variation in the tree line based on mountain size and location. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Touschek effect describes the scattering and loss of charged particles in a storage ring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schor's 2005 essay "Learning Diderot's Lesson: Stopping the Upward Creep of Desire" describes the effect in contemporary consumer culture in the context of its negative environmental consequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A monohierarchy of perception, affect and cognition considers the roles of arousal, attentional tendencies, affective primacy , evolutionary constraints , and covert perception within the sensing and processing of preferences and discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Affective Slider is an empirically-validated digital scale for the self-assessment of affect composed of two slider controls that measure basic emotions in terms of pleasure and arousal, which constitute a bidimensional emotional space called core affect, that can be used to map more complex conscious emotional states. (wikipedia.org)
  • One frequently used measure for general affective states is the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Pseudobulbar affect, also referred to as emotional lability, should not be confused with labile mood or labile emotions that stem from emotional instability - affective dysregulation - commonly seen in personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The affect heuristic gained early attention in 1980 when Robert B. Zajonc argued that affective reactions to stimuli are often the first reaction which occur automatically and subsequently influencing the way in which we process and judge information. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been argued by researchers that people use affect heuristics as a first response to an issue, they rely on spontaneous affective reactions which make it more efficient than having to research and analyze external information. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "affect" is central to what has become known as the "affective turn" in the humanities and social sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, high levels are characterized by capacity for focused and flexible awareness of nuances specific to different contexts and affect intensities, distinct openness to affective activation and its motivating and regulating functions, along with explicit reflection about the information inherent in the affect with its meanings and consequences for one's understanding of both self and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • In control theory, affect control theory proposes that individuals maintain affective meanings through their actions and interpretations of events. (wikipedia.org)
  • A stable affective meaning derived either from personal experience or from cultural inculcation is called a sentiment, or fundamental affective meaning, in affect control theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affective state - Positive affect is more closely linked to heuristic processing, while negative affect is more closely associated with substantive processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some conditions, including autism and schizophrenia, those affected may not be able to identify the emotional responses of others. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Flat affect is characterized by a lack of response to emotional stimuli. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The flat affect experienced by those with schizophrenia is due to an impairment in the way they function on an emotional level. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Those with flat affect have no response to emotional stimuli. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It usually affects cognitive , physical, emotional , social or independent functioning and can result from either traumatic brain injury or nontraumatic injury such as stroke , infection or substance abuse . (wikipedia.org)
  • A divergence from a narrow reinforcement model for emotion allows for other perspectives on how affect influences emotional development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pseudobulbar affect (PBA), or emotional incontinence, is a type of emotional disturbance characterized by uncontrollable episodes of crying and/or laughing, or other emotional displays. (wikipedia.org)
  • An affected individual exhibits episodes of laughter and/or crying without an apparent motivating stimulus or in response to stimuli that would not have elicited such an emotional response before the onset of their underlying neurologic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect, as a term of rhetoric, is the responsive, emotional feeling that precedes cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect differs from pathos as described by Aristotle as one of the modes of proof and pathos as described by Jasinski as an emotional appeal because it is "the response we have to things before we label that response with feelings or emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, it is a type of heuristic in which emotional response, or "affect" in psychological terms, plays a lead role. (wikipedia.org)
  • These four abilities are operationalized as degrees of awareness, tolerance, emotional (nonverbal) expression, and conceptual (verbal) expression of each of the following eleven affect categories: Interest/Excitement Enjoyment/Joy Fear/Panic Anger/Rage Shame/Humiliation Contempt/Condescension Disgust/Revulsion Sadness/Despair Envy/Jealousy Guilt/Remorse Tenderness/Care The Affect Consciousness Interview (ACI) (Monsen et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Initially, the Fading Affect Bias was widely accepted as the process whereby the emotional valence of certain events fades over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, four possible trends were found regarding memory: the Fixed Affect (wherein emotional intensity is maintained), the Fading Affect (wherein emotional intensity diminishes), the Flourishing Affect (where there is an increase in intensity), and the Flexible Affect (where there is a reversal of valence). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the field of psychology , the Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which people of low ability have illusory superiority and mistakenly assess their cognitive ability as greater than it is. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research shows that there is a correlation between dispositional affect (both positive and negative) and important aspects in psychology and social science, such as personality, culture, decision making, negotiation, psychological resilience and coping with stressful life events. (wikipedia.org)
  • In line with the classification mentioned above, there is a well-known and common model that is being used in organizational psychology research to analyze and classify dispositional affect, which was developed by Watson and Tellegen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect is important in psychology as well as in communication, mostly when it comes to interpersonal communication and non-verbal communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • In both psychology and communication, there are a multitude of theories that explain affect and its impact on humans and quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of affect (psychology) takes on a different meaning in the field of psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The importance of affect in education has become a topic of increasing interest in the fields of psychology and education. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Affect infusion model (AIM) is a theoretical model in the field of human psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • In psychology and behavioral economics, the endowment effect (also known as divestiture aversion and related to the mere ownership effect in social psychology) is the hypothesis that people ascribe more value to things merely because they own them. (wikipedia.org)
  • A more controversial third paradigm used to elicit the endowment effect is the mere ownership paradigm, primarily used in experiments in psychology, marketing, and organizational behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • A prominent task force in the psychology research community made the following recommendation: Always present effect sizes for primary outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spotlight effect plays a significant role in many different aspects of psychology and society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Developed by social psychologist Joseph Paul Forgas in the early 1990s, it attempts to explain how mood affects one's ability to process information. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 1997 book by Don Campbell, "The Mozart Effect: Tapping the Power of Music to Heal the Body, Strengthen the Mind, and Unlock the Creative Spirit", discusses the theory that listening to Mozart (especially the piano concertos) may temporarily increase one's IQ and produce many other beneficial effects on mental function. (wikipedia.org)
  • that is, knowledge about it seems to have little effect on one's perception of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has empirically shown that such drastic over-estimation of one's effect on others is widely common. (wikipedia.org)
  • A nocebo effect is said to occur when negative expectations of the patient regarding a treatment cause the treatment to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would have. (wikipedia.org)
  • JT effect doesn't occur if there is no net change in energy (notice even amount of electrons in e g -orbital). (wikipedia.org)
  • This effect goes some way to explain why spontaneous pseudopregnancy can occur in mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most significant effect concerns achondroplasia (a form of dwarfism), which might occur in about 1 in 1,875 children fathered by men over 50, compared to 1 in 15,000 in the general population. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] An assumption of the AIM is that this effect will generally occur more strongly as the complexity of a situation increases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The capture effect can occur at the signal limiter, or in the demodulation stage, for circuits that do not require a signal limiter. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the well-oxygenated outdoor environment, this combination of circumstances-an immobile and clothed body with a high fat-to-muscle ratio, accelerant (lighter fluid), and artificial ignition-made it prime for the wick effect to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect can also occur because of antigen excess, when both the capture and detection antibodies become saturated by the high analyte concentration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not limited to syllables, the effect can occur in whole words and have an effect on daily interactions that people are unaware of. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those with flat affect do not lack emotion, but rather their emotions are thought to be unexpressed. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Emotions to stimuli that are not expressed by people with flat affect include facial, voice and body language changes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It is deemed a negative side effect of the disease, as it is not in line with normally expected emotions and behaviors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Besides dispositional affect, there are other concepts for expressions of emotion such as mood or discrete emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The strength of emotions a person feels can stem from his level of dispositional affect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, though emotion researchers disagree about the way that emotions and dispositional affect should be classified, a common classification of emotions assumes that each emotion is a combination of pleasantness (pleasant or unpleasant) and activation (high or low). (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect theory is a theory that seeks to organize affects, sometimes used interchangeably with emotions, or subjectively experienced feelings, into discrete categories and to typify their physiological, social, interpersonal, and internalized manifestations. (wikipedia.org)
  • For Spinoza, as discussed in Parts Two and Three of his Ethics, affects are states of mind and body that are related to (but not exactly synonymous with) feelings and emotions, of which he says there are three primary kinds: pleasure or joy (laetitia), pain or sorrow (tristitia) and desire (cupiditas) or appetite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequent philosophical usage by Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari and their translator Brian Massumi, while derived explicitly from Spinoza, tends to distinguish more sharply than Spinoza does between affect and what are conventionally called emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Part III, "Definitions of the Emotions/Affects", Spinoza defines 48 different forms of affect, including love and hatred, hope and fear, envy and compassion. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person with a low level of affect consciousness is expected to be unable to make sense of both his or her own feelings and the emotions of others and to have difficulties attributing causes for his or her own and others' behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Japanese and Korean, grammatical affect is conveyed both through honorific, polite, and humble language, which affects both nouns and verbal inflection, but also with clause-final particles that express a range of speaker emotions and attitudes toward what is being said. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, a retrospective procedure was put into effect, which entailed the recollection of past events as well as a rating of the emotions which the respective events prompted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect control theory has inspired assembly of dictionaries of EPA sentiments for thousands of concepts involved in social life - identities, behaviors, settings, personal attributes, and emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to affect control theory, an event generates emotions for the individuals involved in the event by changing impressions of the individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-linear equations describing how transients and fundamentals combine to produce emotions have been derived in empirical studies Affect control theory's computer simulation program uses these equations to predict emotions that arise in social interaction, and displays the predictions via facial expressions that are computer drawn, as well as in terms of emotion words. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postponement of affect is a defence mechanism which may be used against a variety of feelings or emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • It holds that affect and cognition, or feeling and thinking, are continually interacting with the other activity in the cortical network. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reason substantive processing is most apt to be infused by affect is because mood can affect each stage in the cognition process: attention, encoding, retrieval, and association. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drawing from philosophy, some rhetorical studies of affect have followed Martin Heidegger's articulation of ''Dasein'' which posits "affect" as the ground of reason. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on Tomkins' affect and script theory (2008b,1995a), the affect consciousness model posits that affect, along with pain, homeostatic life support processes and the cyclical drives, constitute the primary motivating forces in all human affairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neighbourhood effect is an economic and social science concept that posits that neighbourhoods have either a direct or indirect effect on individual behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • affect consciousness scores (both overall mean of all aspect-scores across affects and scores on each integrating aspect, and discrete affects) are strongly correlated with relevant measures of psychological dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect integration (operationalized through Affect Consciousness constructs and measured with the ACI and ACS) at different levels are stable correlates of psychopathology and psychological dysfunction such as symptom severity, interpersonal problems, personality disorder traits, and general functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normally a reduction in probability of winning a reward (e.g. reduce from 80% to 20% the chance of winning a reward) creates psychological effect such as displeasure to individuals, which leads to the perception of loss from the original probability thus favoring a risk-aversion decision. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the same reduction results in larger psychological effect when it is done from certainty than from uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spotlight effect is an extension of several psychological phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suggested mechanisms for the effect include alcohol consumption, psychological stress relating to the birthday, increased suicide risk, terminally ill patients attempting to hold on until their birthday, an increased mortality salience, or a physiological cycle that causes the body to weaken annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "thermoelectric effect" encompasses three separately identified effects: the Seebeck effect , Peltier effect , and Thomson effect . (wikipedia.org)
  • The term Brussels effect was coined in 2012 by Professor Anu Bradford of Columbia Law School and named after the similar California effect that can be seen within the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social, physical and economic characteristics of neighborhoods have been increasingly shown to affect short- and long-term health quality and longevity. (rwjf.org)
  • The single affect principle is a musicological term describing the idea that contrasting affects (moods or sentiments) cannot belong in the one and the same musical movement, the harmonic structure of which would thus be limited by enharmonic modulations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term cohort effect is used in social science to describe variations in the characteristics of an area of study (such as the incidence of a characteristic or the age at onset) over time among individuals who are defined by some shared temporal experience or common life experience, such as year of birth, or year of exposure to radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In organic chemistry, the term stereoelectronic effect is also used to emphasize the relation between the electronic structure and the geometry (stereochemistry) of a molecule. (wikipedia.org)
  • In photography, the term is used to describe the apparent leaning of buildings towards the vertical centerline of the photo when shooting upwards, a common effect in Architectural photography. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his research paper Clarifying the CNN Effect: An examination of Media Effects According to Type of Military Intervention, George Washington University professor Steven Livingston identifies three distinct aspects that fall under the broad term of the CNN effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term endowment effect however was first explicitly coined by the economist Richard Thaler in reference to the under-weighting of opportunity costs as well as the inertia introduced into a consumer's choice processes when goods included in their endowment become more highly valued than goods that are not. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was later extended to describe any similar effect from being listed on a popular site, similar to the more generic term, flash crowd, which is a more appropriate term. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the targeted website has a community-based structure, the term can also refer to the secondary effect of having a large group of new users suddenly set up accounts and start to participate in the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • On occasion, the term Tyndall effect is incorrectly applied to light scattering by large (macroscopic) dust particles in the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • L. Wilkinson and APA Task Force on Statistical Inference (1999, p. 599) The term effect size can refer to the value of a statistic calculated from a sample of data, the value of a parameter of a hypothetical statistical population, or to the equation that operationalizes how statistics or parameters lead to the effect size value. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term effect size can refer to a standardized measure of effect (such as r, Cohen's d, or the odds ratio), or to an unstandardized measure (e.g., the difference between group means or the unstandardized regression coefficients). (wikipedia.org)
  • Entry:field effect (DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.F02358). (wikipedia.org)
  • The term Lourdes effect has been coined by the Belgian philosopher and skeptic Etienne Vermeersch to account for the observation that some supernatural powers seem to have a sort of resistance to manifesting themselves in a completely unambiguous fashion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "greenhouse effect" arose from a faulty analogy with the effect of sunlight passing through glass and warming a greenhouse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term cobra effect originated in an anecdote set at the time of British rule of colonial India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some authors prefer the term trans influence to distinguish it from the kinetic effect, while others use more specific terms such as structural trans effect or thermodynamic trans effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "spotlight effect" was coined by Thomas Gilovich and Kenneth Savitsky. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term was coined by anthropologist and scholar of consumption patterns Grant McCracken in 1988, and is named after the French philosopher Denis Diderot (1713-1784), who first described the effect in an essay. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given a sufficiently large sample size, a non-null statistical comparison will always show a statistically significant results unless the population effect size is exactly zero (and even there it will show statistical significance at the rate of the Type I error used). (wikipedia.org)
  • Scharrer's team inferred that there was a statistically significant effect of scientific overconfidence and willingness to override expert opinion. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it was not designed to address the mechanisms mediating this effect. (medscape.com)
  • The Brussels effect is the process of unilateral regulatory globalisation caused by the European Union de facto (but not necessarily de jure ) externalising its laws outside its borders through market mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The optical Kerr effect has also been observed to dynamically alter the mode-coupling properties in multimode fibre, a technique that has potential applications for all-optical switching mechanisms, nanophotonic systems and low-dimensional photo-sensors devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • As Prof. van Swinderen explains, the team found that the drug 'disrupts presynaptic mechanisms, probably affecting communication between neurons across the entire brain in a systematic way that differs from just being asleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • These factors make an explanation difficult and suggest that various mechanisms may be responsible for the effect to manifest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on the cold work structure, two types of mechanisms are generally used to explain the Bauschinger effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phrase entourage effect was introduced in 1998 by S. Ben-Shabat, and by Raphael Mechoulam, to represent a novel endogenous cannabinoid molecular regulation route. (wikipedia.org)
  • page 104, ISBN 1-4020-0885-6 James, Daniel, "The Wolf effect and the redshift of quasars" (1998) Pure Appl. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also possible for other, less direct means of measurement to affect the electron. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conjugation is not only affected by electronegativity of the connected atoms but also affected by the position of electron lone pairs with respect to the pi-system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group 6 and group 7 transition metal complexes (M(CO)5X) have been found to be the most prominent in regards to dissociation of the CO cis to ligand X. CO is a neutral ligand that donates 2 electrons to the complex, and therefore lacks anionic or cationic properties that would affect the electron count of the complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1997), and Keren (1991), have raised doubts about the existence of the effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • This paper examines how 12 'major depreciations' between 1997 and 2000 affected different measures of firm performance in a sample of over 13,500 companies from around the world. (nber.org)
  • Second gas effect Korman B, Mapleson WW (May 1997). (wikipedia.org)
  • Anomeric effect IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book") (1997). (wikipedia.org)
  • The metabolism of bacteria is adversely affected by silver ions at concentrations of 0.01-0.1 mg/L. Therefore, even less soluble silver compounds, such as silver chloride, also act as bactericides or germicides, but not the much less soluble silver sulfide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although higher organisms, such as earthworms, would only be affected at unrealistic concentrations of antibiotics, the scientists said changes in soil bacterial communities have been found repeatedly using molecular microbiological techniques. (redorbit.com)
  • To achieve better separation, a salt may be added (higher concentrations of salt increase the hydrophobic effect) and its concentration decreased as the separation progresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • There were other studies done before 1999 that had looked at phenomena similar to the spotlight effect that Gilovich and Savitsky described. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hall-effect thrusters trap electrons in a magnetic field and then use the electrons to ionize propellant, efficiently accelerate the ions to produce thrust , and neutralize the ions in the plume. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • Familial hypercholesterolaemia affects about one in 500 people. (mydr.com.au)
  • Children of affected people have a 50 per cent chance of having the condition. (mydr.com.au)
  • The placebo effect is not just for sick people anymore. (typepad.com)
  • In people who have CD, gluten - a complex of proteins found in grains such as wheat, barley and rye - triggers a powerful autoimmune response that damages the small intestine and affects its ability to absorb nutrients. (arthritis.org)
  • 2) when more and less difficult item samples are created by selecting items with more and less familiar contents, i.e. in a way that does not affect the validity of the cues, no hard-easy effect is observed, and people are well-calibrated both for hard and easy item samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • When it is a side effect or symptom of a medical condition, flat affect may impact people differently. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For some people and for some medical conditions, flat affect may be more pronounced than others. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In some people, this state of mind and body can lead to a person displaying flat affect. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For children in communities where people were losing their houses to foreclosure, hardship seemed to have the opposite effect on weight. (reuters.com)
  • Out of the 83 uncommon variants identified that affect human height, 51 of them were "low-frequency" variants that are found in less than 5 percent of people, and 32 of them were rare variants found in less than 0.5 percent. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Cigarette smoking not only affects the person who smokes but also affects the people around them. (ehow.com)
  • Dispositional affect is different from emotion or affect, by being a personality trait while emotion is a general concept for subjective responses of people to certain situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • These affects can be identified through immediate facial reactions that people have to a stimulus, typically well before they could process any real response to the stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The people, rhetoric, and affect: On the political force of du bois's the souls of black folk. (wikipedia.org)
  • The affect heuristic is a heuristic, a mental shortcut that allows people to make decisions and solve problems quickly and efficiently, in which current emotion-fear, pleasure, surprise, etc.-influences decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The affect heuristic is typically used while judging the risks and benefits of something, depending on the positive or negative feelings that people associate with a stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ganzfeld effect can also elicit hallucinatory percepts in many people, in addition to an altered state of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The network effect can create a bandwagon effect as the network becomes more valuable and more people join, resulting in a positive feedback loop. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of effect sizes are the correlation between two variables, the regression coefficient in a regression, the mean difference, or even the risk with which something happens, such as how many people survive after a heart attack for every one person that does not survive. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of people, the accentuation effect is similar to stereotyping and social categorization in that when classified as part of a group, people's features seem to more closely match their classification rather than any individual differences they have. (wikipedia.org)
  • He suggested four models by which voting patterns may be explained: 1) The "no environmental effect" model, which postulates no differences in voting behaviour by neighbourhood type - contacts with neighbours have no influence on how people vote. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2) The "environmental effect model", which suggests that 'people may be irritated, alarmed and antagonized by contact with those unlike themselves' and become even stronger supporters of their 'class party' than might otherwise be the case - middle-class people are more pro-Conservative in working-class than middle-class areas, for example, and working-class people are less pro-Conservative in strongly middle-class areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3) The "consensual environmental effect" model, which argues that 'people will be influenced towards agreement with their contacts', so that, for example, 'both middle- and working-class individuals are more Conservative in middle-class areas because both sets of individuals have fewer working-class contacts and more middle-class contacts than if they lived elsewhere' - which is what most writers associate with the neighbourhood effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cox, in a similar attempt to understand the neighbourhood effect, attempted to define how people interact. (wikipedia.org)
  • This quote coincides with the three stages because these would be the main topics or ideas that would come in mind to reach the plateau effect in many of people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The positivity effect is the inverse of the negativity effect, which is found when people evaluate the causes of the behaviors of a person they dislike. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who are better at sensory integration have been shown to be more susceptible to the effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many people are affected differently by the McGurk effect based on many factors, including brain damage and other disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • clarification needed] The ambiguity effect is a possible explanation why people are reluctant to adopt new practices in the work place. (wikipedia.org)
  • One possible explanation of the effect is that people have a rule of thumb (heuristic) to avoid options where information is missing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smaller biographical studies have also shown a birthday effect within subpopulations, such as among Major League Baseball (MLB) players and people with entries in the Encyclopedia of American History. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study using the populations of Denmark and Austria (a total of 2,052,680 deaths over the time period) found that although people's life span tended to correlate with their month of birth, there was no consistent birthday effect, and people born in autumn or winter were more likely to die in the months further from their birthday. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiferroics are another example of single-phase materials that can exhibit a general magnetoelectric effect if their magnetic and electric orders are coupled. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brass doorknobs and silverware both exhibit this effect to an extent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hard-easy effect takes place, for example, when individuals exhibit a degree of underconfidence in answering relatively easy questions and a degree of overconfidence in answering relatively difficult questions. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, a person without flat affect who is experiencing a happy event will typically exhibit behaviors indicating happiness, such as smiling and laughter, whereas someone with a flat affect will show no response. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Highly complex situations can exhibit a number of qualities, such as the amount of effort needed to process the information, whether the situation is familiar or entirely new and how severely the situation affects the person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major news sites or corporate websites are typically engineered to serve large numbers of requests and therefore do not normally exhibit this effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cannabinoid system modulators like N-palmitoylethanolamine may be said to exhibit the entourage effect, increasing receptors affinity to enhance endogenous anandamide activity and/or reducing enzymatic anandamide degradation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples are slender (positive affect) vs. scrawny (negative affect), thrifty (positive) vs. stingy (negative), freedom fighter (positive) vs. terrorist (negative), etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most famous examples of the endowment effect in the literature is from a study by Daniel Kahneman, Jack Knetsch & Richard Thaler, in which participants were given a mug and then offered the chance to sell it or trade it for an equally valued alternative (pens). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other examples of the endowment effect include work by Ziv Carmon and Dan Ariely, who found that participants' hypothetical selling price (willingness to accept or WTA) for NCAA final four tournament tickets were 14 times higher than their hypothetical buying price (willingness to pay or WTP). (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to these examples, the endowment effect has been observed using different goods in a wide range of different populations, including children, great apes, and new world monkeys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tversky & Kahneman (1986) illustrated the certainty effect by the following examples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of the Tanzi effect includes all countries with have experienced hyperinflation or very high inflation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Memory of anything that can be categorized is subject to an accentuation effect in which the memory is distorted toward typical examples. (wikipedia.org)
  • CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) for examples and opinions on how this effect was used symbolically. (wikipedia.org)
  • JT effect is observed as tetragonal elongation and compression in octahedral high-spin d 4 complexes due to net change in the energy of electrons (notice odd amount of electrons in e g -orbital). (wikipedia.org)
  • In octahedral complexes, the Jahn-Teller effect is most pronounced when an odd number of electrons occupy the e g orbitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rate at which this recombination takes place determines how far the electrons diffuse, and thus the overall strength of the photorefractive effect in that material. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect was noticed by economists since the 1920s but it was Italian economist Vito Tanzi that explained the actual causes in a 1977 paper. (wikipedia.org)
  • W.L. Miller, however, began work on quantifying the neighbourhood effect in 1977. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lemon and Reis's 1965 English translation of Shklovsky's 1917 coinage as " defamiliarization ", combined with John Willett's 1964 translation of Brecht's 1935 coinage as "alienation effect"-and the canonization of both translations in Anglophone literary theory in the decades since-has served to obscure the close connections between the two terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hard-easy effect falls under the umbrella of " social comparison theory ", which was originally formulated by Leon Festinger in 1954. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hence, affect theory is defined in different ways, depending on the discipline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect theory is also used prescriptively in investigations about intimacy and intimate relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect theory is also referenced heavily in Tomkins's script theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humor is a subject of debate in affect theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • See Also: Affect (philosophy) Affect theory is explored in philosophy, psychoanalytic theory, gender studies, and art theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eve Sedgwick, Lauren Berlant have been called "affect theorists" who write from critical theory perspectives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many other critical theorists have relied heavily on affect theory, including Elizabeth Povinelli. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect theory is drawn from by Marxist autonomists including Franco Berardi, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theory of affect heuristic is that a human being's affect can influence how he or she makes decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The basic cybernetic idea of affect control theory can be stated in terms of deflections. (wikipedia.org)
  • They go on to suggest that the endowment effect, when considered as a facet of loss-aversion, would thus violate the Coase theorem, and was described as inconsistent with standard economic theory which asserts that a person's willingness to pay (WTP) for a good should be equal to their willingness to accept (WTA) compensation to be deprived of the good, a hypothesis which underlies consumer theory and indifference curves. (wikipedia.org)
  • In chaos theory, the butterfly effect is the sensitive dependence on initial conditions in which a small change in one state of a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences in a later state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The wick effect theory essentially says that a person is kept aflame through his/her own fats after being ignited, accidentally or otherwise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wilson's theory suggests that living in a neighbourhood seriously affected by poverty affects a wide range of individual outcomes, such as economic self-sufficiency, violence, drug use, low birthweight, and cognitive ability. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a sub-theory of self-determination theory, cognitive evaluation theory explains that both control and competence underlie intrinsic motivation and how extrinsic rewards affect intrinsic motivation is dependent on the individual's interpretation. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the theory of the sandbox effect, links which may normally be weighted by Google's ranking algorithm, not least improving the position of a webpage in Google's index, may be subjected to filtering to prevent their having a full impact. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bradley effect (less commonly the Wilder effect) is a theory concerning observed discrepancies between voter opinion polls and election outcomes in some United States government elections where a white candidate and a non-white candidate run against each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some analysts have dismissed the theory of the Bradley effect, or argued that it may have existed in past elections, but not in more recent ones, such as when Barack Obama was elected and re-elected President of the United States in 2008 and 2012 respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, one critic of the Bradley effect theory has charged that Mervin Field of The Field Poll had already offered the theory as explanation for his poll's errors, suggesting it (without providing supporting data for the claim) on the day after the election. (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of the observer-expectancy effect is demonstrated in music backmasking , [ citation needed ] in which hidden verbal messages are said to be audible when a recording is played backwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Some types of radio receiver circuits have a stronger capture effect than others. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The Droste effect was anticipated by Giotto in 1320, in his Stefaneschi Triptych. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study, they say, "clearly demonstrates" an effect of probiotic ingestion on evoked brain responses and resting-state networks in women. (medscape.com)
  • This story is based on a study of 238 college students and their siblings, which investigated how a person's genes might affect how well they can tolerate alcohol. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This was a genetic study in families, investigating how a person's genes might affect how well they can tolerate alcohol. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A Dutch study suggests antibiotics used extensively in intensive livestock production might have an adverse effect on agricultural soil ecosystems. (redorbit.com)
  • The study found bacteria involved in the nitrogen cycle, which replenishes nutrients in the soil, seem to be particularly affected. (redorbit.com)
  • General anesthetics have a more widespread effect on the brain than inducing sleep, suggests a new study that could lead to improved drugs for use in surgery. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A new study assesses the effect of alcohol consumption on the restorative quality of sleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This study is one of the first to show that relationships within a care organization affect patient satisfaction. (medscape.com)
  • To see how economic downturns might affect childhood obesity risk, the study team looked at indicators of economic change across California between 2008 and 2012, including unemployment levels and house foreclosures. (reuters.com)
  • A new cross-cultural study aimed to determine whether these dramatic changes have had an effect on the thinking skills that are learned over the course of childhood. (redorbit.com)
  • In the study, they also explored the role of the Flynn effect, which asserts that there's been a rise in performance on certain parts of IQ tests over the past several generations due to modernization. (redorbit.com)
  • Results of a randomized placebo-controlled study conducted in treatment-naive boys and men with ADHD show that 4 months of treatment with methylphenidate affected specific tracts in brain white matter in boys but not in their adult counterparts. (medscape.com)
  • Previous studies all have tried to statistically control for the effects of ADHD medications, but we are the first to study medication-naive patients in this context, which, of course is crucial if you want to know how ADHD medications affect the developing brain," said Reneman. (medscape.com)
  • The study can't prove cause-and-effect, but "found that individuals with higher blood levels of these chemicals had more difficulties of maintaining weight loss after dieting ," said study lead author Dr. Qi Sun. "This pattern is primarily observed in women. (medicinenet.com)
  • Some of the earliest evidence and argument for the validity of the Fading Affect Bias can be dated back to Cason (1932)'s study. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2009) used subject's personal responses to 1200 autobiographical events to study the Fading Affect Bias. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to determine whether a cohort effect is present, a researcher may conduct a cohort study. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the study of inhaled anesthetics, the concentration effect is the increase in the rate that the Fa(alveolar concentration)/Fi(inspired concentration) ratio rises as the alveolar concentration of that gas is increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study demonstrates the effect the environment can have on perception, and that when pointed out, context effects can be nullified. (wikipedia.org)
  • E. N. Lorenz, The Essence of Chaos, U. Washington Press, Seattle (1993), page 134) In 1963 Lorenz published a theoretical study of this effect in a highly cited, seminal paper called Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow (the calculations were performed on a Royal McBee LGP-30 computer). (wikipedia.org)
  • Not much attention has been given to the study of the mnemonic effect in advertising, but that is slowly changing with companies questioning more and more the effectiveness of the costly types of advertising they are using. (wikipedia.org)
  • This effect was discovered by accident when McGurk and his research assistant, MacDonald, asked a technician to dub a video with a different phoneme from the one spoken while conducting a study on how infants perceive language at different developmental stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wareham and Wright's 2005 study showed that inconsistent visual information can change the perception of spoken utterances, suggesting that the McGurk effect may have many influences in everyday perception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contribution to the Study of the Gauche Effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his study with Savitsky, he combined the different effects he had observed previously to describe the spotlight.Gilovich was not the only one who had noticed this occurrence of the spotlight effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study of all cancer deaths in Germany from 1995 to 2009 found no evidence of a birthday effect, although it did find a related Christmas effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small study by Leonard Zusne found birthday effects among both male and female cohorts, where women were more likely to die immediately before a birthday and men more likely to die immediately after, but that when averaged together there was no birthday effect among the population as a whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to current pharmacological knowledge and the current understanding of cause and effect , a placebo contains no chemical (or any other agent) that could possibly cause any of the observed worsening in the subject's symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Does Gluten Affect Arthritis Symptoms? (arthritis.org)
  • How can diet affect fibromyalgia symptoms? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As Dr. Spence Pentland said in a 2011 article on qiintegratedhealth.com, "men that do not experience herpes symptoms may still have it in their semen, and that it negatively affects motility and morphology, thus causing infertility and poor IVF (invitro fertilization) results. (prweb.com)
  • Do hot temperatures affect multiple sclerosis symptoms? (webmd.com)
  • Which Organ Systems Are Affected By Toxic Exposure(s)? (cdc.gov)
  • Explain how organ systems may be affected by toxic exposure(s). (cdc.gov)
  • The Petkau effect is an early counterexample to linear-effect assumptions usually made about radiation exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Swan and other experts suspect that exposure to the chemicals affects the level of testosterone crucial for the development not only of male reproductive organs , but also the masculine brain . (webmd.com)
  • We now suspect that the phthalate [exposure] affects the entire body, not just the reproductive tract,'' Swan says. (webmd.com)
  • His refusal to risk the range of positive and negative affect associated with sexuality robs any possible relationship of one of its best opportunities to work on the first two rules of either the Kelly or the Tomkins blueprint. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also according to Tomkins, affects provide a sense of urgency to the less powerful drives. (wikipedia.org)
  • MOSCOW (AP) -- Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev says the death of a whistle-blowing lawyer in prison will not adversely affect the country's business climate. (yahoo.com)
  • Provocative, timely, and well-written, Affect, Animals, and Autists raises challenging questions that will be of interest to affect theorists as well as a broad complement of interdisciplinary scholars working in disability, performance, theatre, and/or animal studies. (umich.edu)
  • Cohort effects are important to resource dependency and economics theorists when these groups affect structures of influence within their larger organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • pp. 39-43 The Blackett effect was used by the science fiction writer James Blish in his series Cities in Flight (1955-1962) as the basis for his fictional stardrive, the spindizzy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Positive and Negative Affect Schedule Short Form (I-PANAS-SF) is a shortened version of the PANAS, intended to only contain cross-culturally well understandable emotion words. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) is a self-report questionnaire that consists of two 10-item scales to measure both positive and negative affect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical and non-clinical studies have found the PANAS to be a reliable and valid instrument in the assessment of positive and negative affect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the years that followed, extensive investigations into the endowment effect have been conducted producing a wealth of interesting empirical and theoretical findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reporting effect sizes or estimates thereof (effect estimate [EE], estimate of effect) is considered good practice when presenting empirical research findings in many fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • Familial hypercholesterolaemia (or familial hyperlipidaemia) is an inherited (genetic) condition in which affected members of a family have high levels of LDL cholesterol, the so-called 'bad' cholesterol, in their blood. (mydr.com.au)
  • Genetic tests may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and help in the identification of other affected family members. (mydr.com.au)
  • Finally, they looked at the genetic code of the CYP2E1 gene in the 96 participants whose data showed the greatest evidence of a link between the CYP2E1 gene and alcohol tolerance, to see if they carried any variations that might affect the protein that the gene produced. (www.nhs.uk)
  • GWAS unsuccessfully captures uncommon genetic variants that may have a larger affect on height. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The genes affected by these genetic variations modulate, among other things, bone and cartilage development and growth hormone production and activation," he adds. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Context effects can come in several forms, including configural superiority effect which demonstrates varying degrees of spatial recognition depending on if stimuli are present in an organized configuration or present in isolation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky (1993) investigated the effect of listening to music by Mozart on spatial reasoning, and the results were published in Nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • How does posture affect anaphylaxis outcomes? (medscape.com)
  • The S.E. of the effect size is calculated differently for each type of effect size, but generally only requires knowing the study's sample size (N), or the number of observations in each group (n's). (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of the "Mozart effect" was described by French researcher Dr. Alfred A. Tomatis in his 1991 book Pourquoi Mozart? (wikipedia.org)
  • In relation to perception, a type of non-conscious affect may be separate from the cognitive processing of environmental stimuli. (wikipedia.org)
  • They adjusted the size of their experiment stimuli according to the cortical magnification factor (through M scaling) and found no effect of cortical magnification which could fully explain the eccentricity effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • An adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention , such as surgery . (wikipedia.org)
  • An adverse effect may be termed a " side effect ", when judged to be secondary to a main or therapeutic effect . (wikipedia.org)
  • In Australia , adverse effect reporting is administered by the Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee (ADRAC), a subcommittee of the Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jahn-Teller effect is responsible for the tetragonal distortion of the hexaaquacopper(II) complex ion, [Cu(OH 2 ) 6 ] 2+ , which might otherwise possess octahedral geometry. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jahn-Teller effect is most often encountered in octahedral complexes of the transition metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The system most often studied for the cis effect is an octahedral complex M(CO)5X where X is the ligand that will labilize a CO ligand cis to it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike trans effect, where this property is most often observed in 4-coordinate square planar complexes, the cis effect is observed in 6-coordinate octahedral transition metal complexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cis effect is most often observed in octahedral transition metal complexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artists create affects and percepts, "blocks of space-time", whereas science works with functions, according to Deleuze, and philosophy creates concepts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some research has shown evidence that humor may be a response to a conflict between negative and positive affects, such as fear and enjoyment, which results in spasmodic contractions of parts of the body, mainly in the stomach and diaphragm area, as well as contractions in the upper cheek muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous mood measures have shown correlations of variable strength between positive and negative affect, and these same measures have questionable reliability and validity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The final version of the measure consists of 27 items: 12 positive affect terms and 15 negative affect terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is called the positive O'Connell effect, the reverse case is referred to as the negative O'Connell effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Washback effect in testing is typically seen as either negative, or positive (sometimes referred to as washforward). (wikipedia.org)
  • On online social networks like Twitter, users prefer to share positive news, and are emotionally affected by positive news more than twice than by negative news. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therapist Deb Smith explains 'in those who are experiencing a flat affect, these normal responses are not exhibited. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The information coming from the eyes and ears is contradictory, and in this instance, the eyes (visual information) have had a greater effect on the brain and thus the fusion and combination responses have been created. (wikipedia.org)
  • All materials show a Kerr effect, but certain liquids display it more strongly than others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Numerous physical attributes of a compound will have an effect on the appearance of the reststrahlen band these include phonon band-gap, particle/grain size, strongly absorbing compounds, compounds with optically opaque bands in the infrared. (wikipedia.org)
  • Orbital scale variations of Dole effect, characterized with periods of 20-100 kyr, responds strongly to Earth's orbital eccentricity and precession, but not obliquity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Verbal suggestion can cause hyperalgesia (increased sensitivity to pain) and allodynia (perception of a tactile stimulus as painful) as a result of the nocebo effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finucane, Alhakami, Slovic and Johnson theorized in 2000 that a good feeling towards a situation (i.e., positive affect) would lead to a lower risk perception and a higher benefit perception, even when this is logically not warranted for that situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can also affect our perception of unknown sounds based on the noise in the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The McGurk effect arises during phonetic processing because the integration of audio and visual information happens early in speech perception. (wikipedia.org)
  • A mathematical formulation of the linear magnetoelectric effect was included in L. D. Landau and E. Lifshitz famous book series on theoretical physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recently, technological and theoretical progress, driven in large part by the advent of multiferroic materials, triggered a renaissance of these studies and magnetoelectric effect is still heavily investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Hall-effect thruster has benefited from considerable theoretical and experimental research since the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • As there are many "hacked" approaches for implementing a plasma effect, this outline of an algorithm will just describe the theoretical basis for the effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • It depends on two well-understood but separate ideas: the Coandă effect from fluid dynamics and the flashover concept from fire dynamics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The flames lie down along the surface, demonstrating the Coandă effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The flames from these areas are themselves subject to the Coandă effect and blow a jet of flame up to the end of the inclined surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Coandă effect alone could not explain the sudden blast that blew some survivors off their feet. (wikipedia.org)
  • The relatively inconspicuous flames associated with the Coandă Effect, hugging the space on and under the inclined trench of the escalator steps, led many travellers to believe they were not in immediate danger. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main loss of life came from the sudden flashover, rather than the precipitating flames of the 'Coandă effect' fire itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • textbooks may refer to this process as the Peltier-Seebeck effect (the separation derives from the independent discoveries by French physicist Jean Charles Athanase Peltier and Baltic German physicist Thomas Johann Seebeck ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Thomson effect is an extension of the Peltier-Seebeck model and is credited to Lord Kelvin . (wikipedia.org)
  • Al Jazeera effect Broadcast journalism News broadcasting Media circus Media event Media scrum Sensationalism Slashdot effect Television news Trial by media Yellow journalism Livingston, Steven. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sites that are maintained on shared hosting services often fail when confronted with the Slashdot effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Few definitive numbers exist regarding the precise magnitude of the Slashdot effect, but estimates put the peak of the mass influx of page requests at anywhere from several hundred to several thousand hits per minute. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 2005, reporters were commenting that the Slashdot effect had been diminishing. (wikipedia.org)
  • BOSTON (AP) -- Shares of Mead Johnson fell after the maker of infant formula disclosed on Monday that a new regulation in Hong Kong could affect the company's sales there as well as in mainland China. (yahoo.com)
  • Following its release on 8 March 2003, The Twins Effect was a box-office success in Hong Kong, became the highest grossing domestic film of the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • After its release in Hong Kong, the film was renamed to Vampire Effect and some sequences were slightly altered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, the doctor diagnosed pseudobulbar affect, which can accompany such neurological conditions as MS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease), Parkinson's disease, brain tumors, and traumatic brain injury. (go.com)