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  • morbidity
  • To assess whether micronutrient supplements are effective and safe in reducing mortality and morbidity in adults and children with HIV infection. (nih.gov)
  • Randomised controlled trials were selected that compared the effects of micronutrient supplements (vitamins, trace elements, and combinations of these) with other supplements, placebo or no treatment on mortality, morbidity, pregnancy outcomes, immunologic indicators, and anthropometric measures in HIV-infected adults and children. (nih.gov)
  • No significant adverse effects of vitamin A in adults or children have been reported.Zinc supplements reduced diarrhoeal morbidity and had no adverse effects on disease progression in a single safety trial in South African children. (nih.gov)
  • Shigella infection causes considerable morbidity and mortality, mostly among young children living in developing countries ( 14 ). (asm.org)
  • 2,3 Regrettably, there are few data on the prevalence of intestinal parasites in the adult population since most surveys focus on school-age children who carry the heaviest morbidity and mortality burden. (scielo.org.za)
  • otitis
  • Acute otitis media (AOM) is defined as the presence of inflammation in the middle ear accompanied by the rapid onset of signs and symptoms of an ear infection. (popaibenelux.eu)
  • symptomatic
  • Given that HCV infection can take decades to become symptomatic and that effective antiviral therapies have been available in their current form only for the past 2 years, it will take considerable time to obtain this evidence. (annals.org)
  • intestinal
  • Our findings suggest that the occurrence and distribution of intestinal parasites among the adult population varies widely across KZN. (scielo.org.za)
  • AIDS
  • With antiretroviral therapy for adults with HIV infection continuing to evolve, the International AIDS Society - USA Panel has issued updated recommendations for the treatment of HIV, according to a report in the August 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS. (health.am)
  • To provide physicians and other HIV clinicians with current recommendations for the use of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults in circumstances for which there is relatively unrestricted access to drugs and monitoring tools, the International AIDS Society - USA (IAS-USA) panel has updated its recommendations as warranted by new developments in the field. (health.am)
  • Interest has therefore increased in the pathological interaction between parasitic infections and HIV/AIDS, particularly in adults. (scielo.org.za)
  • It seemed to us very important to understand why this is so, because maybe that would help us help people with age-related diseases caused by declining immunity, or AIDS, or cancers, and understand why certain people tend to be more susceptible to infections. (innovations-report.com)
  • chronic
  • In men, chronic infection can lead to sterility. (skinsight.com)
  • Respiratory diseases represent the third most common cause of death in Europe, including both chronic lower respiratory diseases and pneumonia, while lower respiratory infections remain the most deadly communicable disease. (springer.com)
  • Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease that affects approximately 34% of the United States population over age 30 (about 36 million persons), and it a major cause of tooth loss in about 13% of adults. (cdc.gov)
  • burden
  • Higher bacterial burden with biofilm infection will result in higher rates of graft loss. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • With worldwide population ageing, it is expected that the burden of infections such as community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) will continue to increase in the coming years, with the vast majority of deaths occurring among those aged 65 years or more. (springer.com)
  • systematic review
  • Efficacy of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in preventing community-acquired pneumonia among immunocompetent adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. (springer.com)
  • trials
  • Eight trials were undertaken in child populations.None of the six trials of vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation in adults demonstrated any significant reduction in HIV disease progression. (nih.gov)
  • diabetes
  • There was no significant difference in frequencies of HIV infection, diabetes mellitus, and haemoglobin concentration levels between the two settings. (springer.com)
  • widely
  • The geographical distribution of the most prevalent protozoan parasites also varied widely across the province, with the highest rate of E. coli infections found in the Newcastle and Jozini regions, while E. nana was highest in Ladysmith, followed by the Jozini and Durban regions. (scielo.org.za)
  • Trichuris
  • The main objective of this study is to provide data on the efficacy profile of different doses of oxfendazole when used in Trichuris trichiura infection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • risk
  • These trends suggest that physicians were not indiscriminate with their therapy but rather responding to a perceived increased risk of bacterial infection in an older and frailer group. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • 7,8 Socio-economic differences between rural, urban and peri-urban areas are also important determinants of the risk of infection. (scielo.org.za)
  • A growing body of evidence suggests that periodontitis, in addition to being a major cause of tooth loss in adults, also enhances risk for several potentially deadly systemic diseases and conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • The cold is contagious to another child and that adds a risk of developing an ear infection. (healthtap.com)