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  • thus
  • While some researches suggest that this acute energy shortage may help produce a negative energy balance conducive for weight loss [ 8 ], others suggest that individuals compensate for energy expended by eating more later in the day, thus negating any potential benefits for weight loss [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Exercise training is associated with an increase in energy expenditure, thus promoting changes in body composition and bodyweight while keeping dietary intake constant. (springer.com)
  • Thus, since 1918, theorists have understood that the law of conservation of energy is the direct mathematical consequence of the translational symmetry of the quantity conjugate to energy, namely time. (wikipedia.org)
  • developmental
  • This is in contrast with the focus of life span developmental psychology on adult human development to counter the dominance of child centred developmental psychology. (bmj.com)
  • Despite the fact that puppies have different nutritional requirements compared to their adult counterparts, of the 652 breeders surveyed in the United States and Canada in 2012, 8.7% report feeding puppies commercial diets not intended for the developmental life stage of canines. (wikipedia.org)
  • satiety
  • this entails limiting intake of fat, sugar, and salt without total self-restraint Variety in a diet promotes adequacy and helps eating become a more pleasurable experience A healthy snack leaves a feeling of both satiation and satiety. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • The ICRP also says that effective dose has made a significant contribution to radiological protection as it has enabled doses to be summed from whole and partial body exposure from external radiation of various types and from intakes of radionuclides. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicates
  • Moreover, recent research indicates that the macronutrient content of the energy-restricted diet may influence body compositional alterations following exercise regimens. (springer.com)
  • weight
  • Energy balance, the relationship between energy consumed and energy expended, is a simple equation on paper but is a complicated concept in practice that ultimately determines whether an individual's weight increases, decreases, or stays the same [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Numerous factors likely contribute to age-related weight gain, including a reduction in energy expenditure, a reduction in energy requirements, and an increased susceptibility to energy overconsumption ( 4 - 8 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Subjects were weight-stable (±2 kg for more than 1 year, determined by self-report), nonsmokers, without major chronic disease (ie, diabetes, coronary heart disease), and not taking medications known to influence food intake or body weight. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • a ) Effects of r-metHuLeptin on weight in three leptin-deficient adults. (nih.gov)
  • From time of weaning until the puppy reaches 40% of the adult body weight, the optimal energy intake per unit body weight is twice that of an adult dog of the same breed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore by adhering to the 9 point body condition scale, and adjusting food intake accordingly, owners will be able to maintain their puppy at an appropriate weight throughout its growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • It also contains 53g of saturated fat (the recommended daily allowance is 20g for women and 30g for men), and 8.2g of salt (recommended daily allowance for adults is 6g). (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • A variable that may modify the effects exercise has on energy intake is whether the exercise is completed in a fed or fasted state. (hindawi.com)
  • Individual-level fixed-effects regression model estimation based on two different days of dietary intake data was used. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 18 According to this hypothesis, environmental exposures such as undernutrition during critical periods of growth and development in utero may have long term effects on adult chronic disease risk by "programming" the structure or function of organs, tissues, or body systems. (bmj.com)
  • Effects of leptin replacement in adults. (nih.gov)
  • b ) Effects of r-metHuLeptin on energy intake in leptin-deficient adults. (nih.gov)
  • children
  • In adults, CK activity increased at 72 h after exercise, while no changes occurred in children. (hindawi.com)
  • Iron supplementation can alter redox responses after muscle-damaging exercise in both adults and children. (hindawi.com)
  • The commitment period is taken to be 50 years for adults, and to age 70 years for children. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Common forms of energy include the kinetic energy of a moving object, the potential energy stored by an object's position in a force field (gravitational, electric or magnetic), the elastic energy stored by stretching solid objects, the chemical energy released when a fuel burns, the radiant energy carried by light, and the thermal energy due to an object's temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • understood
  • While training low has shown some potential physiological benefits in exercise performance [ 12 ], the effect of exercise in a fasted state on energy balance is not well understood. (hindawi.com)
  • water
  • Energy Brands, also doing business as Glacéau, is a privately owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company based in Whitestone, New York City that manufactures and distributes various lines of enhanced water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Founded in May 1996 by J. Darius Bikoff with an electrolyte enhanced line of water called Smartwater, Energy Brands initially distributed its products to health food stores and independent retailers in the New York area. (wikipedia.org)
  • He founded Energy Brands in May 1996 using his personal savings and contracting with an aquifer in Connecticut for the base water used. (wikipedia.org)
  • On April 5, 2006, Energy Brands filed a lawsuit against PepsiCo in the U.S. District Court in Manhattan alleging that PepsiCo's SoBe "Life Water" packages infringed its trade dress for similar drinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, cats are unable to effectively regulate their water intake, and seniors are particularly prone to dehydration. (wikipedia.org)
  • influence
  • To counteract the increasing polarisation of biological programming in utero and adult lifestyle approaches to chronic disease aetiology, life course epidemiology was built on the premise that various biological and social factors throughout life independently, cumulatively and interactively influence health and disease in adult life. (bmj.com)