Loading...
  • fatness
  • Serum calcium, magnesium, copper and zinc were measured by an automatic analytical instrument and body mass index [simple numeric measure of "fatness" or "thinness"] was calculated from height and weight. (prohealth.com)
  • However, BMI does not account for the wide variation in body fat distribution, and may not correspond to the same degree of fatness or associated health risk in different individuals and populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • The relationship between body mass index (BMI), weight loss, and mortality in older adults is not entirely clear. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The purpose of this article is to evaluate the associations between BMI, weight loss (either intentional or unintentional), and 3-year mortality in a cohort of older adults participating in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • There was no association with being overweight or obese on mortality, nor was there an association with intentional weight loss and mortality. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • and (iii) whether any relationship that may exist between weight loss-either intentional or unintentional-and mortality varies according to BMI status. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In older adults, researchers have shown various patterns depicting the association between BMI and mortality. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The relationship between BMI and mortality in older adults may be confounded by several covariates, however, especially recent weight loss, which has generally been found to be associated with higher mortality in older adults across all BMI categories ( 7 - 10 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This lack of distinction is problematic because recent unintentional weight loss associated with the presence of disease could obscure the true association between BMI and mortality in lean older people while inflating the benefit of being overweight or obese. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Studies that have distinguished between unintentional and intentional weight loss and their effects on mortality have not produced consistent findings ( 11 - 13 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associations between BMI, recent weight loss (either intentional or unintentional), and mortality, while adjusting for other well-established predictors of mortality, in a cohort of older adults participating in the UAB Study of Aging. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Increased consumption of whole grain is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes , coronary heart disease, hypertension and lower likelihood of weight gain and also lowers mortality rate. (medindia.net)
  • The term was based on the use of insurance data that demonstrated the relative mortality for males and females according to different height-weight combinations. (wikipedia.org)
  • waist
  • Among adults who reported increased consumption of whole grains, both energy and fiber intakes were higher while BMI , waist circumference was lower when compared to non-whole grain consumer. (medindia.net)
  • Alternative ways in which an individual can have their weight assessed, other than a BMI test, includes measuring the circumference of their waist or using the skin fold test. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine published a study of average weights of adult humans in the journal BMC Public Health and at the United Nations conference Rio+20. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentages
  • Only one state had statistically significant increases in the percentages of adults meeting each target. (cdc.gov)
  • individuals
  • In 1986, a large-scale adoption study was published, in which information concerning the adult body weight and height of over 500 adopted individuals, their biological parents and their adoptive parents. (brighthub.com)
  • The results showed a strong correlation between the weight class assigned to the adopted individuals and their biological parents. (brighthub.com)
  • These are individuals who have individual body mass indexes, which measures weight relative to height, greater than or equal to 25 Austria portal European Union portal Healthcare in Austria "Volksseuche Übergewicht: OECD fordert Maßnahmen" (in German). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it ignores variations between individuals in amounts of lean body mass, particularly muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the World Health Organisation (2015) a BMI greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2 in adults is overweight and greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 regards individuals as obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method can be reasonably accurate for many people, but it assumes particular fat distribution patterns over the body-which may not apply to all individuals, and does not account for fat deposits not directly under the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diabulimia may be more appealing to individuals who want to lose weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measures
  • This is the easiest and most common method, but by far the least accurate, as it only measures one quantity (weight) and often does not take into account many factors such as height, body type, and relative amount of muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • This measures the thickness of the layers of fat located under the skin, from which a general measurement of total amount of fat in the body is calculated. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMIs
  • Nevertheless, the proportions of low birth weight children increased among those mothers whose BMIs were low. (fao.org)
  • Girls and young adult woman with higher BMIs are also shown to be more likely to have disordered eating behavior (DEB). (wikipedia.org)
  • heights
  • 1971) and found that the mean heights of the mothers appeared to be similar in all socio-economic groups while body weights were nearly 10 kg less in mothers who belonged to the group with the lowest socioeconomic status. (fao.org)
  • The birth weights appeared to be linearly correlated with both maternal body weights and heights. (fao.org)
  • Below are average adult human heights by country or geographical region. (wikipedia.org)
  • adolescent
  • Increased consumption of whole grain foods has been associated with improved diet quality among children, adolescent and adults in the US. (medindia.net)
  • The competing nutritional needs of pregnancy and growth in an adolescent mother will affect the growth of the foetus and hence the birth weight of the child. (fao.org)
  • In adolescent females, increased weight gain that insulin treatment can cause may play roles in the increased risk for onset of anorexia and/or bulimia. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • In the general population, the use of proxy‐reported height and weight to compute body mass index (BMI) has been validated, but not among adults with intellectual disability. (metatoc.com)
  • Under such circumstances, the mean height may not represent the total population unless sample subjects are appropriately taken from all regions with using weighted average of the different regional groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data is representative of the majority of the country or region's adult population. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this case, data that are representative of the majority of the country or region's adult population are those that factor in over 50% of the country or region's population aged 18 or over. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mean data highlights the central tendency of the population data and is but one method of calculating relative body weight between populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • In 2012 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved phentermine/topiramate ER as an adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity for chronic weight management in adults with an initial body mass index (BMI) of at least 30 kg/m², or at least 27 kg/m² (overweight) in the presence of at least one weight-related comorbidity such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, or dyslipidemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liraglutide has been approved as an injectable adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity for chronic weight management in adult patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnicity
  • adults of every ethnicity who grew up with alcoholic or abusive parents - all carry with them more than just memories. (wiringthebrain.com)
  • Other issues that may affect the results surrounding this method for children and adolescents includes their age, sex, ethnicity muscle and bone mass, their height as well as their sexual maturation levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • This article reports on 983 community-dwelling older adults who were enrolled in the UAB Study of Aging, a longitudinal observational study of mobility among older African American and white adults. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • One thousand community-dwelling older adults 65 years old or older were enrolled in the UAB Study of Aging, a longitudinal observational study of mobility among older African American and white adults. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of proxy‐reported height, weight and derived BMI among adults with intellectual disability. (metatoc.com)
  • Consumption of total grains among adults decreased from 2001-2002, 2007-2008 and rebounded to similar consumption levels in 2011-2012. (medindia.net)
  • To assess states' progress over the past decade in meeting these targets among adults and to provide an update of the 2005 subgroup estimates ( 5 ), CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (cdc.gov)
  • Even among the mothers with grade 3 CED, the mean birth weight at 2.51 kg was just above the cut-off point of 2.5 kg birth weight for diagnosing newborns as being small for gestational age. (fao.org)
  • Findings of these studies range from increase in body weight to a small decrease among women who begin consuming alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study stated that prostate volume among patients with negative biopsy is related significantly with weight and height (body mass index), so it is necessary to control for weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • significantly
  • Alcohol also appears to increase metabolic rate significantly, thus causing more calories to be burned rather than stored in the body as fat (Klesges et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • childhood
  • As a result, we found negative correlations between birthweight and immune cell count phenotypes, a positive correlation between childhood head circumference and eosinophil counts (EO), and positive or negative correlations between childhood body mass index and immune phenotypes. (frontiersin.org)
  • birth
  • The birth weights followed the same trend, the mothers of the poorer socioeconomic strata had infants with the lowest birth weights. (fao.org)
  • In Table 6.1 the proportions of mothers in each BMI category and the proportions of children classified as having low birth weight in each category are presented. (fao.org)
  • 1988) also shows that pre-pregnant weight is a determinant of birth weight. (fao.org)
  • The cut-off of 40 kg for pre-pregnant weight appeared to be the risk level of low birth weight in the East Javan community (Kardjati, 1985). (fao.org)
  • estimate
  • As fat is less dense than muscle, careful application of this technique can provide a reasonably close estimate of fat content in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • average
  • Those who completed the 56-week trial achieved an average weight loss of 9.2%, to be compared with a 3.5% reduction in the placebo group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many articles and studies further conclude that diabetic females have, on average, higher body mass index (BMI) than do their nondiabetic counterparts. (wikipedia.org)
  • gain
  • Some of the brain signaling proteins that mediate excessive eating and weight gain also mediate uncontrolled alcohol consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the side effects of blonanserin - such as weight gain, cholesterol and triglyceride levels, glucose levels and other blood lipid levels - do not differ greatly from other atypical antipsychotics, the specificity of blonanserin appears to elicit milder side effects, with less weight gain in particular. (wikipedia.org)
  • loss
  • Most studies have not distinguished between intentional and unintentional weight loss. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Phentermine and topiramate, sold under the trade name Qsymia, is a combination medication used for weight loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phentermine and topiramate is associated with modest weight loss when compared with placebo. (wikipedia.org)
  • This weight loss was associated with improvements in weight-related comorbidities such as improved blood sugar, decreased blood pressure, and improved cholesterol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Topiramate is an anticonvulsant that has weight loss side effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is unknown if the weight loss will be permanent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cataplexy is an episodic loss of muscle function, ranging from slight weakness such as limpness at the neck or knees, sagging facial muscles, weakness at the knees often referred to as "knee buckling", or inability to speak clearly, to a complete body collapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diabulimia (a portmanteau of diabetes and bulimia) refers to an eating disorder in which people with Type 1 diabetes deliberately give themselves less insulin than they need, for the purpose of weight loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumption
  • citation needed] According to Dr. Kent Bunting, the research results do not necessarily mean that people who wish to lose weight should continue to consume alcohol because consumption is known to have an enhancing effect on appetite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formula
  • Of the many formulas that have been used for estimating body weight, some include the APLS formula, the Leffler formula, and Theron formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ideal body weight, specifically the Devine formula, is used clinically for multiple reasons, most commonly in estimating renal function in drug dosing, and predicting pharmacokinetics in morbidly obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal
  • For most adults, normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100-130 millimeters mercury (mmHg) systolic and 60-80 mmHg diastolic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several studies have shown that obese men tend to have a lower sperm count, fewer rapidly mobile sperm and fewer progressively motile sperm compared to normal-weight men. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mean weight of the normal prostate in adult males is about 11 grams, usually ranging between 7 and 16 grams. (wikipedia.org)