• This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) solicits NIH Research Project Grant (R01) applications from applicant organizations to investigate 1 ) the degree to which hormonal changes at puberty interact with neurodevelopmental processes to promote sex effects in alcohol use and misuse, and 2) the effects of adolescent alcohol exposure on these interactive processes. (nih.gov)
  • 3. Secondary Sexual Characteristics refer to the manifestations of sexual maturity at puberty, including the development of breasts and genitals, the growth of pubic, body and facial hair, and changes in the voice. (glogster.com)
  • Working together and using new assessment technologies, this diversified national team of scientists will answer important questions about brain and behavior development from childhood through adolescence and into young adulthood," said Sandra Brown, Vice Chancellor for Research at UC San Diego and a distinguished professor of psychiatry and psychology who is co-director of the ABCD Coordinating Center. (ucsd.edu)
  • We will focus on social, emotional, cognitive and neurobiological development, moving beyond the traditional focus on childhood and into adolescence. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • Learn about developmental, emotional and behavioural problems, relationships in childhood and adolescence, and cognitive development in the context of legal, health and educational settings. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • Of all the development that takes place during adolescence, the only truly inevitable one is physical maturation. (glogster.com)
  • The study holds the potential to expand on current understandings of both normal and atypical brain development across human adolescence. (vcu.edu)
  • In fact, it goes through this very large development throughout adolescence and right into the 20s and 30s, and even after that it's plastic forever, the plasticity is a baseline state, no matter how old you are. (edge.org)
  • By sharing this interim baseline dataset with researchers now, the ABCD study is enabling scientists to begin analyzing and publishing novel research on the developing adolescent brain," said Nora D. Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. (ucsd.edu)
  • NIH's Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development study is the largest longitudinal neuroimaging study of human brain development ever launched. (vcu.edu)
  • You will engage with scientific research in the field of child development and consider the implications of this research for educational and childcare practice. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • Led by an experienced team of developmental psychologists, the Psychology of Child & Adolescent Development MSc will advance your knowledge. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • With a better understanding of young people and these developmental changes, teachers are better equipped to provide a school climate that fosters positive development. (glogster.com)
  • The first datasets from the largest long-term study of brain development and child health in the United States-a project headed by a team of scientists at UC San Diego-were released to researchers around the world today by the National Institutes of Health. (ucsd.edu)
  • To date, more than 7,500 youth and their families have been recruited for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development or ABCD study . (ucsd.edu)
  • These data are being made available by the NIH, one of the main sources of support for the approximately $150 million study, to researchers worldwide to enable them to conduct research on the many factors that influence brain, cognitive, social and emotional development. (ucsd.edu)
  • The National Institutes of Health awarded a $5 million grant to Virginia Commonwealth University to take part in a landmark study on substance use and adolescent brain development. (vcu.edu)
  • This study will afford an unprecedented look at healthy variation in human brain development with regard to academic success, resiliency and other lifestyle factors," said co-principal investigator James M. Bjork, Ph.D., associate professor, Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies and Department of Psychiatry , VCU School of Medicine . (vcu.edu)
  • VCU is one of four consortium sites that will be recruiting pairs of twins to yield additional clarification of hereditary and environmental influences on brain development. (vcu.edu)
  • The purpose of the study is to relate brain development and neurobehavioral outcomes to various environmental variables, which could include drug abuse," Bjork said. (vcu.edu)
  • The more we know about the adolescent brain, the more we understand how hard it is for young people to assess risk, problem-solve, and control their impulses. (brooklyncommunityfoundation.org)
  • It is no wonder that this stage of brain development puts young people in a world of trouble on a regular basis. (brooklyncommunityfoundation.org)
  • The maturing adolescent brain is at a critical period for growth, but also susceptible to depression and anxiety-related disorders. (brainfacts.org)
  • Physical and sexual maturation profoundly affects the ways in which adolescents view themselves and are viewed and treated by others (Steinberg, 2011). (glogster.com)
  • 2. Primary sexual characteristics refer to the further development of the gonads (the glands that secrete sex hormones) which result in hormonal changes that ultimately enables reproduction. (glogster.com)
  • You will receive advanced training in psychological research methods and culminate your studies through an extended research project relevant to human development. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • It provides excellent research training through a psychological research methods programme designed to meet the ESRC Postgraduate Training & Development Guidelines (2nd Edition, 2015) . (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • In semester one you'll study Child Development and Psychological Research Methods. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • This module aims to provide an advanced psychological study of child development from birth to 12 years. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • It is crucial that teachers have an understanding of physical development and the effect it can have on a young person's behaviour and psychological functioning. (glogster.com)
  • You'll also study Adolescent Development in semester two and start thinking about your research project. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • This module is designed to align with the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) postgraduate training and development guidelines. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • On this module you will engage critically with research examining adolescent development, including the critical appraisal of the application of research to real world scenarios. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • Hone your skills and become an expert in the social, emotional and cognitive development of the young. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • a deputy director of a local health department, and an expert in child and adolescent development. (google.com.au)
  • The programme is structured to provide in-depth knowledge and skills specifically in the psychology of child and adolescent development. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • You are also allocated an academic tutor with whom you can develop a supportive relationship whilst also working on a set programme of personal, academic and professional development. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • The module provides a solid grounding for those wishing to pursue a career working with young people in a variety of occupations (e.g teaching, educational psychology or social work) as well as those pursuing further study of adolescent development. (yorksj.ac.uk)
  • Studying twins provides an opportunity to separate genetic and environmental sources of individual differences in development," said co-principal investigator Michael C. Neale, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry and behavioral genetics, Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics at VCU. (vcu.edu)
  • Physical development includes three main physical manifestations, the growth spurt and the development of primary and secondary sexual characteristics. (glogster.com)
  • For the discriminant validity test, results indicated that adolescents with lower AHP-SF scores were more likely to be overweight or obese, skip breakfast, and spend more time watching TV and playing computer games. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Anne Marie Albano , PhD, ABPP, is an Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology in Psychiatry and Director of the Clinic for Anxiety and Related Disorders in the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Columbia University. (routledge.com)
  • The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences is a vibrant, multidisciplinary department dedicated to advancing science and integrating this foremost mission with those of clinical innovation, educational excellence, community engagement and commitment, and professionalism and leadership development. (stanford.edu)
  • Specialty training comprises three blocks of 12 months each, in areas that are relevant to child and adolescent psychiatry. (healthcareers.nhs.uk)
  • European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 17 (3), 127-132. (springer.com)
  • This dissertation analyzes the development of children's and adolescents' preferences for altruism and cooperation as well as possible influences during the process of preference formation. (peterlang.com)
  • The] commitment to make life healthier for future generations is the foundation for the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health. (kff.org)
  • The new MNCAH Strategic Plan will be guided and aligned with the updated Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' health that was simultaneously launched as a showcase platform for implementation of the SDG Agenda's targets and goals. (who.int)
  • Positive adult development is a subfield of developmental psychology that studies positive development during adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • This timeframe is also a critical phase in adolescent brain development that could have far-reaching consequences on their physical, emotional, and social well-being as adults. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. (nih.gov)
  • This article seeks to elucidate the trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. (nih.gov)
  • This chapter will review notable new developments in the care of adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) within the last 3 years. (springer.com)
  • What determined the outcomes for adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated on cooperative group protocols? (springer.com)
  • Favorable outcomes for older adolescents and young adults (AYA) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): early results of U.S. Intergroup Trial C10403. (springer.com)
  • Risk-benefit analysis of pediatric-inspired versus hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone protocols for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in adolescents and young adults. (springer.com)
  • Final results of a single institution experience with a pediatric-based regimen, the augmented Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster, in adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and comparison to the hyper-CVAD regimen. (springer.com)
  • Level Two is the Conventional Level of moral reasoning and is demonstrated in adolescents and adults. (essaytown.com)
  • The theory examined and discovered that the importance of adults, peers and others in the life of an individual alternates as various stages of development are entered into and conquered. (essaytown.com)
  • If this stage is successfully fullfulled and handled the child is then able to move into the next step of development which is founded in expectations of themselves based on what the adults in their lives expect from them. (essaytown.com)
  • Accumbens activity in adolescents looked like that of adults in both extent of activity and sensitivity to reward values, although the magnitude of activity was exaggerated. (jneurosci.org)
  • In 2006, close to 400,000 adolescents and adults were treated medically for SII (CDC, 2006) a number that likely represents fewer than 30% of persons who engaged in the behavior ( Crosby, Cheltenham, & Sacks, 1999 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • And how can adults use new technologies to engage adolescents? (actforyouth.net)
  • Although CBT addresses the key problems of early onset psychoses (EOP)treatment and first evaluations of CBT in adults with schizophrenia are promising, no experience with CBT in adolescents with EOP are available. (centerwatch.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) national Youth Risk Behavior Survey and other CDC data have identified risk factors that can increase adolescents' and young adults' risk of HIV infection. (nih.gov)
  • Human studies also provide evidence that alcohol affects adolescents differently to adults with adolescents more vulnerable to the impact of alcohol on brain function and behaviour (1). (edu.au)
  • As your adolescent grows and develops from childhood into adulthood, there are many considerations regarding his/her growth and maturation. (chw.org)
  • With proper guidance, parents can lead their adolescents through the teen years and toward a responsible adulthood. (howtodothings.com)
  • This book outlines the development, implementation and evaluation of a project entitled "P.A.T.H.S. to Adulthood: A Jockey Club Youth Enhancement Scheme," with P.A.T.H.S. denoting Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social programmes. (worldcat.org)
  • Well known psychiatrist and child development specialist Erik Erickson believed there were eight separate stages of development needed to attain adulthood maturity. (essaytown.com)
  • The developmental theory of Expectation Development builds closely within the idea of Erikson's eight development stages however, it takes it a step further and illustrates the importance of the various stages of expectations of the individual and how the way those expectations are net play a key role in the development of the entire person through their adulthood. (essaytown.com)
  • For example, animal studies report that binge drinking adolescent animals show greater memory deficits than binge drinking adult animals (9, 10) and after repeated high levels of adolescent alcohol exposure some of these deficits continue into adulthood (11, 12). (edu.au)
  • Now in its fourth edition and with extensive updated research, Later Language Development addresses the development of spoken and written language from Kindergarten through early adulthood. (proedinc.com)
  • Positive development does occur during adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • To determine whether a particular development in adulthood is positive or not, a value-judgment must be made about what kind of change in adult life is optimal or beneficial, and correspondingly what changes in adulthood are negative or deleterious. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biomechanics of the shoulder in youth baseball pitchers: implications for the development of proximal humeral epiphysiolysis and humeral retrotorsion. (springer.com)
  • In P. Florsheim (Ed.), Adolescent romantic relations and sexual behavior: Theory, research, and practical implications (pp. 23-56). (springer.com)
  • Basic scientific knowledge about adolescent development and decision making has numerous implications for the development and implementation of a wide range of social policies that govern the behavior and treatment of youth. (questia.com)
  • Emerging Concepts Brief: What Are the Implications of Adolescent Brain Development for Juvenile Justice? (issuelab.org)
  • Applying Research to Practice: What Are the Implications of Adolescent Brain Development for Juvenile Justice? (issuelab.org)
  • Heavy drinking of alcohol in adolescent years interrupt the maturation process of the brain. (medindia.net)
  • Skeletal or pubertal maturation may be used to determine the child's degree of biological development. (healthy.net)
  • however, the long-term consequences of adolescent binge drinking for maturation of brain structure and function remain poorly understood. (nih.gov)
  • Physical and sexual maturation profoundly affects the ways in which adolescents view themselves and are viewed and treated by others (Steinberg, 2011). (glogster.com)
  • National, regional, state, and selected local area vaccination coverage among adolescents aged 13-17 years - United States, 2017. (hhs.gov)
  • Yet, our understanding of precisely how these experiences interact with each other and a child's biology to affect brain development and, ultimately, social, behavioral, health, and other outcomes, is still incomplete. (nih.gov)
  • MONDAY, Aug. 20, 2018 -- Development assistance for adolescent health (DAAH) makes up a small proportion of total development assistance for health, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in JAMA Network Open . (drugs.com)
  • Zhihui Li, from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, and colleagues estimated total and per-adolescent DAAH and examined its distribution by donors, regions, and countries as well as the leading causes of burden of disease in 132 developing countries. (drugs.com)
  • Estimates were produced for adolescent-targeted DAAH that included disbursements to projects with a primary adolescent health target and adolescent-inclusive DAAH that included disbursements to projects with a primary or partial adolescent health target and projects that could benefit adolescents but did not contain age-related key words. (drugs.com)
  • The researchers found that the total funding amount was $3,634.6 million for 19,921 projects in 132 countries in the adolescent-targeted estimation between 2003 and 2015, which accounted for 1.6 percent of total developmental assistance for health. (drugs.com)
  • Despite an increasing rate, DAAH composed a small proportion of total development assistance for health, suggesting that adolescent health has gained little donor attention," the authors write. (drugs.com)
  • The funding extends the project, the largest long-term study of brain development and child health ever conducted in the United States, for seven more years. (uwm.edu)
  • The first datasets from the largest long-term study of brain development and child health in the United States-a project headed by a team of scientists at UC San Diego-were released to researchers around the world today by the National Institutes of Health. (ucsd.edu)
  • We also want to identify if these effects on brain development are related to other difficulties such as poor academic performance, neuroanatomical damage, and the risk of future addiction or mental health disorders," Morin concludes. (genengnews.com)
  • the largest long-term study of brain development and child health in the United States to date. (springer.com)
  • A WHO-project on health in the adolescent population is now giving researchers access to data collected in 41 countries worldwide. (uib.no)
  • A WHO collaborative Cross-national study", HBSC, www.hbsc.org , is a key deliverer of national and international policy level data for adolescent health. (uib.no)
  • The HBSC project is now providing open access to its 2006 dataset for external researchers, educators and policy makers to increase the impact of adolescent health research. (uib.no)
  • Although some years old, this data set is still relevant and important for understanding how gender, age and socio-economic status impact on health behaviours and how relations within the family, among peers and at school influence adolescents' health perceptions, health complaints and life satisfaction. (uib.no)
  • The current study used longitudinal, behavioral genetic data on 519 same-sex twin pairs (48.6% female) divided into two age cohorts (13-15 and 16-18 years olds) drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. (springer.com)
  • A policy dialogue on Child and Adolescent Health Strategy development in the Republic of Moldova was conducted in Chisinau on 18 September 2012. (who.int)
  • An overview of the current status of and developments in Child and Adolescent Health in Europe, and the results of the policy study in Child and Adolescent Health conducted in 2012 were presented at the meeting. (who.int)
  • Dr Jarno Habicht, WHO Representative in the Republic of Moldova, underlined that good prerequisites for strengthening of the Child and Adolescent Health systems are in place in Moldova. (who.int)
  • As next stage it was planned to discuss the situation analyses on child and adolescent health and development and to present the policy study findings and results to all the stakeholders. (who.int)
  • The delegates were also to agree on the number of immediate and long term activities aimed at improving Child and Adolescent Health in the country. (who.int)
  • The document aims to guide the process of the policy development, will contribute to the overall health reform and improvement of the overall policy framework related to the child and adolescent health, including Youth Friendly Health Services", added Dr Habicht. (who.int)
  • Increased role of National Institute of Public Health in the frame of the Child and Adolescent Health and Development programs and services. (who.int)
  • Ministry of Health will lead the process and will initiate the process of development of the strategic document in CAH. (who.int)
  • Investing in early childhood development is an emerging area of concern in global public health. (who.int)
  • The health system provides an excellent platform for early childhood development interventions. (who.int)
  • WHO in the Eastern Mediterranean Region advocates for scaling up of all the evidence-based, cost-effective interventions of early childhood development within existing child health programmes and platforms. (who.int)
  • It also calls for integration of early childhood development activities in all strategic plans for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health plans for the post-2015 era. (who.int)
  • Adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly those in low-income urban settlements, are at significant risk of poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH). (idrc.ca)
  • This project seeks to better understand how the youngest adolescents learn about the social expectations, roles, and attitudes associated with their gender socialization in the school environment, and how these aspects relate to sexual and reproductive health. (idrc.ca)
  • It will generate information on what evidence-based and low-cost interventions are effective to change norms and advance early adolescents' sexual and reproductive health at scale. (idrc.ca)
  • This project represents one of nine selected as a cohort of implementation research projects spanning two regions (West Africa and the Middle East) and two thematic topics (adolescent sexual and reproductive health and health information systems). (idrc.ca)
  • Those dreaded human growth and development films you were forced to watch in fifth-grade health class. (study.com)
  • MoH, with support from WHO, will host a workshop to develop a new Strategic Plan on Maternal, Neonatal, Child and Adolescent Health. (who.int)
  • The Youth-Powered Ecosystem to Advance Urban Adolescent Health and Well-Being program empowers young Nigerians to think about their futures differently and access the skills, social capital, and resources needed to realize their aspirations. (dai.com)
  • and 3) increasing youth workforce readiness, job opportunities, and entrepreneurship to address socioeconomic determinants of adolescent health. (dai.com)
  • Health-promoting lifestyle choices of adolescents are closely related to current and subsequent health status. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recent studies indicate that such development is useful in predicting things such as an individual's health, life satisfaction, and degree of contribution to the society. (wikipedia.org)
  • His principal areas of research include Human Development, Child Development, Adolescent Development, Adult Development, and Marriage and Family Relations. (google.com)
  • Our programs in Child and Adolescent Development provide a well-rounded curriculum that incorporates theory, research, policy, and practice. (sjsu.edu)
  • We are pleased to welcome Dr. Janet Bang to the Child and Adolescent Development department as an Assistant Professor in Fall 2020! (sjsu.edu)
  • Her goal for her research and teaching is to build an understanding of child development that is true to the rich array of individual and cultural differences within and across diverse communities. (sjsu.edu)
  • Congratulations to Dr. Robert Marx for receiving the Society for Research on Child Development Small Grant for Early Career Scholars. (sjsu.edu)
  • In addition to being committed teachers, ChAD faculty members are active researchers whose work represents a broad range of interests across the discipline of child development. (sjsu.edu)
  • The DVD Workshop series on Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology provides professionals and students instruction on the current state of the scientific evidence-and timely updates on treatments from experts in the field. (routledge.com)
  • Putting an end to the practice of child marriage became an international commitment under Sustainable Development Goal 5 that focuses on empowering girls and women worldwide. (idrc.ca)
  • Dreaming of a Better Life: Child Marriage Through Adolescent Eyes offers fresh insights and evidence to inform these efforts, based on findings from research and intervention projects funded by Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) to investigate different aspects of child marriage. (idrc.ca)
  • This topic center provides a review of theories of child development. (pbmhmr.com)
  • For information on parenting and child development of infants aged 0 to 2, please visit our Infant Parenting and Child Development topic center. (pbmhmr.com)
  • What are the main child development areas? (pbmhmr.com)
  • What is Sigmund Freud's theory of child development? (pbmhmr.com)
  • What is Erik Erikson's theory of child development? (pbmhmr.com)
  • A child s personality development is a contest between biological drive and cultural constraint. (healthlibrary.com)
  • If the toilet training is very strict or there is much rejection or there is separation from the mother at this stage, the child can get fixated at this stage of psycho-sexual development. (healthlibrary.com)
  • Freud believed that every child normally progresses from oral to phallic phase unless some negative influences interfere with the development. (healthlibrary.com)
  • However, if the particular needs of any of these phases were either unfulfilled or gratified to excess, the child could get fixated and thus hampered in its psycho-sexual development. (healthlibrary.com)
  • Child Development, 73 , 1046-1051. (springer.com)
  • Country examples of psychosocial development aspects of child care included in the IMCI guidelines include the guidelines developed in Morocco, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic and Tunisia. (who.int)
  • This paper presents an examination of the child and adolescent life span development theory Expectation Development Theory. (essaytown.com)
  • For many years, child and adolescent behavior theorists have worked to develop and design theories to explain the various stages of the life span. (essaytown.com)
  • Within these theories they have drawn conclusions as to what stages the child and adolescent go through and what foundation they require to successfully move into the next developmental step in life. (essaytown.com)
  • This stage can include learning to talk, tie shoes, ride a bike or any number of other tasks that the child normally encounters during these years of development. (essaytown.com)
  • Seventy adolescent mother-child dyads were assessed longitudinally to determine relationships among prenatal maternal knowledge and attitudes about parenting before and after the birth of the child. (ed.gov)
  • The GMC provides information on the curriculum for child and adolescent training . (healthcareers.nhs.uk)
  • Adolescent marijuana use may alter how neurons function in brain areas engaged in decision-making, planning and self-control, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (eurekalert.org)
  • To investigate how adolescent marijuana use affects perineuronal nets in the PFC, the UIC researchers gave adolescent rats a synthetic cannabinoid which was similar to THC, the main psychoactive compound in marijuana, for one day, 10 days, or 10 days followed by a period of abstinence. (eurekalert.org)
  • These impulsive choices are taking place during a key period of brain development and could have costs later in life, according to the researchers. (eurekalert.org)
  • Edited by the researchers of the project, Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs explores the nature of positive youth development (PYD), the application of PYD constructs to youth programs and implementation issues. (worldcat.org)
  • To gauge the pubertal status of the participants, the researchers collected morning saliva samples from 72 adolescents and determined their testosterone levels. (mpg.de)
  • In the past decade, researchers have turned to investigating methods to foster positive development in educational and organizational settings, rather than just describe it and/or measure it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Male and female drinkers showed similar patterns of development trajectory abnormalities. (sri.com)
  • Ten young adolescents, ages 11 to 14 years, and their caregivers will participate in these focus groups at Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It offers multiple points for interaction during the early years of life which could be good opportunities to foster interventions for early childhood development. (who.int)
  • Integrate youth-led, human-centered design to ensure that project interventions meet adolescents' needs. (dai.com)
  • In addition to writing "Intimate Relationships, Marriages and Families"he has written more than twenty other texts on Marriage and Family, Stepparenting, Working Mothers, Human Sexuality, Human Development, and numerous others in related fields. (google.com)
  • The relationships adolescents have with their peers, family, and members of their social sphere play a vital role in the social development of an adolescent. (ipl.org)
  • Relationships are vital in the social development of an adolescent due to the extreme influence peers can have over an individual. (ipl.org)
  • These relationships become significant because they begin to help the adolescent understand the concept of personalities, how they form and why a person has that specific type of personality. (ipl.org)
  • By utilizing these relationships, adolescents become more accepting of who they are becoming. (ipl.org)
  • Stage Three is Interpersonal Relationships and Conformity Driven moral development. (essaytown.com)
  • National estimates of adolescent romantic relationships. (springer.com)
  • Adolescent romantic relationships. (springer.com)
  • To date, however, no study has examined how aerobic fitness relates to cortical brain structure during development and if BDNF genotype moderates these relationships. (frontiersin.org)
  • This study investigated longitudinal associations between adolescents' technology-based communication and the development of interpersonal competencies within romantic relationships. (ovid.com)
  • Longitudinal analysis enabled detection of accelerated typical volume decline in frontal and temporal cortical volumes and attenuated growth in principal white matter structures in adolescents who started to drink heavily. (sri.com)
  • and (2) to test whether individual differences in pubertal development and risk-taking behavior were contributors to longitudinal change in nucleus accumbens activity. (jneurosci.org)
  • Professional Identity Formation in HIV Care: Development of Clinician Scholars in a Longitudinal, Mentored Training Program. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Relative to HIV-negative controls, HIV-positive adolescents demonstrated significantly reduced fractional anisotropy in the corpus callosum, superior and posterior corona radiata, frontal and parietal WM, pre-/postcentral gyrus, and superior longitudinal fasciculus. (ajnr.org)
  • Specifically, we examined whether differences in the development of subcortical [e.g., nucleus accumbens (NAcc)] relative to prefrontal [e.g., orbital frontal cortex (OFC)] regions may characterize this period of development to help explain the increase in risk-taking behavior. (jneurosci.org)
  • These findings reveal a coherent pattern of differences between self-injuring and depressed adolescent girls, consistent with theories that SII differs from depression in etiology and developmental course. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Under Social and Emotional Development , the focus shifts to the emotional life of adolescents and the challenges involved in regulating emotions. (actforyouth.net)
  • In ISDJS (Ed.), Emotional development and emotional intelligence (pp. 168-192). (springer.com)
  • The results are another step toward understanding adolescents' impulsive decisions and complement the findings of a previous study conducted at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development. (mpg.de)
  • Our findings indicate that it may be advisable to reward adolescents' good behavior in the short term, instead of promising rewards at some time in the distant future. (mpg.de)
  • These findings suggest that early HIV infections may affect WM development, especially in the frontal WM, corpus callosum, and corona radiata in adolescents, which may be associated with hypomyelination and demyelination. (ajnr.org)
  • In a recently published study, they have investigated the role that hormones play in adolescents' impulsive decisions. (mpg.de)
  • But their impulsive behavior can also cause them harm," says co-author Wouter van den Bos of the Max Planck Institute for Human Development. (mpg.de)
  • Thus, the major morbidities for adolescent mothers, adolescent fathers, and their infants are psychosocial: lack of educational and voca- tional futures, failed marriages, and dependence on government aid for support. (springer.com)
  • Heavy-drinking adolescents showed accelerated gray matter reduction in cortical lateral frontal and temporal volumes and attenuated white matter growth of the corpus callosum and pons relative to nondrinkers. (sri.com)
  • We found that aerobic fitness positively related to right rostral middle frontal cortical volume in all adolescents. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) Center at Cincinnati Children's uses an interdisciplinary approach with compassionate care to meet the complex needs of patients diagnosed with disorders of sex development . (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The authors of this timely contribution approach the topic of adolescent parenthood in a unique fashion, utilizing a combination of several approaches: consideration of fictional characters in history , astute and carefully conceptual- ized clinical observations, reviews of the literature, and their own investigation. (springer.com)
  • We used a multi-method, multi-informant approach to examine how adolescent SII differs from adolescent depression. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • However, little is known about whether HIV affects WM development in adolescents. (ajnr.org)
  • The addresses of participants in a larger investigation of the aetiology and prevention of smoking were checked to determine if they lived in one of 335 public housing developments in New York City. (bmj.com)
  • All participants living in public housing developments were included in the current study. (bmj.com)
  • to our knowledge no study has examined whether self-injuring adolescents differ from depressed, non-self-injuring participants across multiple markers of vulnerability and risk. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Participants were 814 adolescents randomly divided into two subgroups with equal size and homogeneity of baseline characteristics. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although the founding assumptions behind the juvenile justice system may have been based more on philosophy than science, they were consistent with the notion of the psychologically immature adolescent who, with the right "guidance," could be encouraged to desist from antisocial behavior and grow into a productive, law-abiding adult. (questia.com)
  • No significant statistical difference was found between the prevalence or severity of male and female adolescent depression. (unisa.ac.za)
  • Adolescents are vulnerable to various changes that take place during this period. (ipl.org)
  • BACKGROUND Adolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking. (bmj.com)
  • The rapid growth of the brain in the early years, and the development of fundamental mental and motor processes, make infancy a particularly vulnerable period. (nap.edu)
  • The 32-item Adolescent Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire is a valid, developmentally age-appropriate and dimensionally comprehensive asthma-specific quality of life measure for use in adolescents. (ersjournals.com)
  • One such policy context is the justice system, where developmentally based assumptions about adolescent capacities and decision making historically have provided an explicit rationale for the maintenance of a separate justice system for adolescents. (questia.com)
  • Cingulate cortex has an important role in impulse control, and volumetric changes in this area may play an important role in the development of a substance use disorder later in life. (medindia.net)
  • Structural changes in the insula, on the other hand, may reflect a reduced sensitivity to alcohol's negative subjective effects, and in this way contribute to the development of a substance use disorder. (medindia.net)
  • In the second phase of the study, the investigators will compare integrated TSF (iTSF) to standard treatment (MET/CBT) in a randomized experimental design for adolescent substance use disorder with 60 adolescents. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Adolescent continues to be the most comprehensive book in its subject area, setting the standard for adolescent psychology books since its first publication more than twenty years ago. (google.com)
  • For anyone in the fields of psychology or education with an interest in adolescents. (google.com)
  • The Adolescent Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) Fellowship at Stanford serves as the culmination of training in psychology and is guided by the scientist-practitioner model. (stanford.edu)
  • Communication within peer groups allows adolescents to explore their feelings and identity as well as develop and evaluate their social skills. (ipl.org)
  • Adolescents are in the period of transition where changes in physical, intellectual, personality and social development are seen. (medindia.net)
  • The Social Language Development Test-Adolescent: Normative Update (SLDT-A: NU) assesses language-based social skills. (superduperinc.com)
  • A composite score, called the Social Language Development Index, represents overall performance on the subtests. (superduperinc.com)
  • The results demonstrate that a Social Language Development Index cutoff score of 90 resulted in a sensitivity of .71, a specificity of .96, and a ROC/AUC of .90. (superduperinc.com)
  • Stage Four of moral development is Maintaining Social Order and Obedience Driven, and the motivation for moral behavior is to obey laws and social conventions as they are required to maintain a functioning society. (essaytown.com)
  • Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs will appeal to all educators, administrators, psychologists, social workers and allied profeesionals looking to promote whole-person development in their students, especially those with in interest in education in China. (worldcat.org)
  • DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS We examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of seventh graders (mean age 12.9 years) who reside in public housing developments in New York City (n = 624). (bmj.com)
  • Characterization of social environmental factors that influence this process is therefore an essential component in developing an accurate model of adolescent brain and neurocognitive development, as well as susceptibility to change with the use of marijuana and other drugs. (nih.gov)
  • He can discuss how literacy practices are supported in institutions, social spaces and geographic places in different ways that shape how adolescents compose with writing and other multimodal forms of communication. (buffalo.edu)
  • These results may offer a mechanistic explanation for functional and behavioral changes caused by adolescent cannabinoid exposure. (eurekalert.org)
  • We now recognize that if adolescents receive adequate and consistent pre- natal care, they and their infants should do nearly as weIl as adult women and their infants of similar backgrounds. (springer.com)
  • Friends become more important as adolescents pull away from their parents in a search for their own identity. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Unless an adolescent has an allergy or other medical condition that makes getting these shots too dangerous, the CDC recommends that they should receive four important vaccines starting at age 11 or 12. (hhs.gov)
  • Altruism and cooperation are important drivers of human development. (peterlang.com)
  • Relying on others' assistance enables more individual specialization, which is an important source of economic development. (peterlang.com)
  • When treating the adolescent athlete, it is important for the physician to be aware of the unique injuries that may occur in this patient population. (springer.com)
  • By today's rigorous scientific standards, Freud's psychosexual theory is not considered to be very accurate, but it is still important and influential today because it was the first stage development theory that gained real attention, and many other theorists used it as a starting place. (pbmhmr.com)
  • While these domains include items important to any age group, they do not cover the broad spectrum of HRQOL domains of particular relevance to adolescents. (ersjournals.com)
  • These studies led to the hypothesis that NAcc activity may be an important contributor to adolescent risk-taking. (jneurosci.org)
  • Unraveling girls delinquency: Biological, dispositional, and contextual contributions to adolescent misbehavior. (springer.com)
  • His years of experience teaching courses on marriage and the Family, Human Sexuality, Contemporary Marriages, Human Development, and many others come through in this text. (google.com)
  • The authors examined gray and white matter volume trajectories in 134 adolescents, of whom 75 transitioned to heavy drinking and 59 remained light drinkers or nondrinkers over roughly 3.5 years. (sri.com)
  • Adolescent girls ( n 774) assessed at the ages of 16-17 and 18-19 years. (cambridge.org)
  • Using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and FreeSurfer, the current study examined how aerobic fitness relates to volume, thickness, and surface area in 34 male adolescents, 15 to 18 years old. (frontiersin.org)
  • The fourth aim of the study (paper IV) was to investigate the development of hot and cold EF in boys and girls with ADHD relative to TD counterparts after two years. (uio.no)