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  • electroporation
  • Effective gene transfer to solid tumors using different nonviral gene delivery techniques: Electroporation, liposomes, and integrin-targeted vector, Cancer Gene Ther 9:399-406 Heller R, Jaroszeski M, Atkin A, Moradpour D, Gilbert R, Wands J, Nicolau C (1996). (wikipedia.org)
  • alum
  • There are many adjuvants, some of which are inorganic (such as alum), that also carry the potential to augment immunogenicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • No matter what the mechanism is, alum is not a perfect adjuvant because it does not work with all antigens (e.g. malaria and tuberculosis). (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) is another powerful adjuvant consisting of inactivated Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and a mixture of different TLR ligands in a mineral oil solution Although BCG is a strong activator of DCs and induces a Thi response, CFA is not approved for human use(1). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • often
  • Consequently, aerosol studies have often employed compatible solvents such as propylene glycol or ethanol as the vehicle for administration by nebulizer or have used more complicated aqueous-based formulations involving liposomes or other dispersions. (wikipedia.org)
  • delivery
  • While some drugs and radioimaging agents are delivered to cells as folate conjugates in a one-to-one folate-to-conjugate ratio, folate-targeted liposomes allow for the delivery of larger amounts of chemotherapeutic agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • protection
  • Adjuvants ALF and ALFA induced similar antibody titers and protection against transgenic parasite challenge that were comparable to Montanide. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • ALFQ was superior to the other three adjuvants as it induced higher antibody titers with improved boosting after the third immunization, higher serum IgG2c titers, and enhanced protection. (physiciansweekly.com)