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  • Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants
  • ASIA Syndrome Epidemiological Profile of ASIA Syndrome After HPV Vaccination Pellegrino P1, Perrone V, Pozzi M, Carnovale C, Perrotta C, Clementi E, Radice S. Author information Abstract The term "ASIA-Autoimmune/inflammatory Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants" describes an umbrella of clinical conditions sharing similar signs or symptoms, including post-vaccination phenomena. (sanevax.org)
  • Autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants, also known as Shoenfeld's syndrome or ASIA, is an alleged autoimmune disorder first proposed by Israeli immunologist Yehuda Shoenfeld in 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • alum
  • However, four subsequent lines of evidence indicate that a depot effect is likely not important for the adjuvant effect of alum. (frontiersin.org)
  • Some adjuvants, such as alum, function as delivery systems by generating depots that trap antigens at the injection site, providing a slow release that continues to stimulate the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many adjuvants, some of which are inorganic (such as alum), that also carry the potential to augment immunogenicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • No matter what the mechanism is, alum is not a perfect adjuvant because it does not work with all antigens (e.g. malaria and tuberculosis). (wikipedia.org)
  • inert
  • These preliminary data suggest that adjuvants are not inert but are toxicologically active components added to herbicide mixtures. (cdc.gov)
  • Supporting the activities of ASTM is the Council of Producers & Distributors of Agrotechnology (CPDA), an organization of inert (or other) ingredient and adjuvant manufacturers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mixtures
  • Activator is a superior adjuvant specially formulated to maximize performance of Glyphosate or its mixtures. (nufarm.com)
  • Liase is a special adjuvant specially formulated to be used to enhance the performance of Glyphosate and its mixtures. (nufarm.com)
  • Earlier pesticide applier survey results (n=709) show that 59% of the applicators used adjuvants, and the majority of this group used paraffinic oils and/or surfactant mixtures. (cdc.gov)
  • innate
  • However, increased understanding of immunology and particularly the innate immune system is informing vaccine adjuvant research and consequently driving the development of novel and specifically directed vaccine adjuvant strategies. (wur.nl)
  • It appears that adjuvants activate innate immune responses to create a local immuno-competent environment at the injection site. (frontiersin.org)
  • Even when adjuvants hyper-stimulate the immune system to increase the antibody count (titers), there is no way to guarantee that there will be long term protection against disease because long lasting immunity involves stimulation of both cell mediated (innate) immunity and humoral (learned) immunity. (mercola.com)
  • systemic
  • For example, radiotherapy or systemic therapy is commonly given as adjuvant treatment after surgery for breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adjuvant systemic therapy and radiotherapy are often given following surgery for many types of cancer, including colon cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and some gynaecological cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • pharmacological
  • In pharmacology, adjuvants are drugs that have few or no pharmacological effects by themselves, but may increase the efficacy or potency of other drugs when given at the same time. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] When administered to diabetes prone NOD mice Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) prevented juvenile-onset diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In glioblastoma multiforme, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy is critical in the case of a completely removed tumor, as with no other therapy, recurrence occurs in 1-3 months[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adjuvant therapy does not improve prognosis in stage I, II, and III renal cell carcinoma, with the possible exception of radiotherapy, which lowered the risk of local recurrence from 41% to 22% in one study[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • spray
  • judges the relevance of adjuvants in determining whether the spray is retained or reflected by the target, and summarises known information on the influence of adjuvants on the form of deposit once retained by the target. (bio.net)
  • Agricultural spray adjuvants are used to enhance the effectiveness of pesticides such as herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and other agents that control or eliminate unwanted pests. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with medical adjuvants, agricultural spray adjuvants are not themselves active in controlling or killing pests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agricultural spray adjuvants may also be added separately when the spray solution is being prepared. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agricultural spray adjuvants do not reduce the amount of pesticide needed below the recommended use rate on a pesticide label. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agricultural spray adjuvants are used to enhance the performance of the legal amount of a pesticide that may be used. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Council of Producers & Distributors of Agrotechnology offers participating companies the ability to self-certify their spray adjuvant products in the USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune system
  • Vaccine adjuvants can trigger unwanted "hyperactive" immune responses, as they can cause your immune system to overreact to the introduction of the organism you're being vaccinated against, increasing the chance that self-tolerance will be lost, and the immune system will attack its own cells and tissue as if "other. (mercola.com)
  • Adjuvants may also be used to enhance the efficacy of a vaccine by helping to modify the immune response to particular types of immune system cells: for example, by activating T cells instead of antibody-secreting B cells depending on the purpose of the vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of them, the saponin QS21, is being investigated for possible beneficial adjuvant effects on the human immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • recurrence
  • Adjuvant hormonal therapy is given after prostate removal in prostate cancer, but there are concerns that the side effects, in particular the cardiovascular ones, may outweigh the risk of recurrence. (wikipedia.org)
  • In early stage one small cell lung carcinoma, adjuvant chemotherapy with gemzar, cisplatin, paclitaxel, docetaxel, and other chemotherapeutic agents, and adjuvant radiotherapy is administered to either the lung, to prevent a local recurrence, or the brain to prevent metastases. (wikipedia.org)
  • pesticides
  • The present report examines the in vitro genotoxicity (micronucleus assay) of herbicides and adjuvants and reports on an in vivo human study on potential endocrine effects of pesticides, including herbicides. (cdc.gov)
  • Adjuvants for use with agricultural pesticides have been categorised as extenders, wetting agents, sticking agents and fogging agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • substance
  • CRD defines an adjuvant as a substance other than water which is not in itself a pesticide but which enhances or is intended to enhance the effectiveness of the pesticide with which it is used. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymph
  • Adjuvant therapy in breast cancer is used in stage one and two breast cancer following lumpectomy, and in stage three breast cancer due to lymph node involvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • indications
  • Anti-emetics and medication to relieve constipation are two examples of non-adjuvant medication indications because these are used to treat side effects and adverse effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • formulation
  • With nearly 100 years of combined experience formulating lipids, Avanti can support your adjuvant formulation development activities. (avantilipids.com)
  • However, because of the limited space or limited compatibility in a pesticide formulation, not all necessary adjuvants may be included in-can. (wikipedia.org)
  • beneficial
  • Where cardiopulmonary and other medical status are satisfactory,a panniculectomy may be offered to patients with a symptomatic panniculus at the time of bariatric surgery, as a physically beneficial and cost-effective adjuvant. (springer.com)
  • Concerns
  • In addition, concerns have been raised regarding whether adjuvants may be able to trigger responses to self-proteins causing autoimmunity. (wikipedia.org)