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  • lesions
  • Furthermore, although CRP is primarily made by liver, new studies have shown that CRP is also produced by diseased tissues (eg, atherosclerotic lesions) and by various cell types including macrophages, smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells. (ahajournals.org)
  • These results demonstrate that activation of the parasympathetic nerve by VMH lesions stimulates production of adiponectin in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues and adiponectin release, resulting in elevated serum adiponectin. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • lipid
  • However, its main function is to be a reserve of lipids, which can be oxidised to meet the energy needs of the body and to protect it from excess glucose by storing triglycerides produced by the liver from sugars, although some evidence suggests that most lipid synthesis from carbohydrates occurs in the adipose tissue itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • The products can comprise a decellularized adipose extracellular tissue matrix and a reduced lipid content. (google.ca)
  • CD36 and macrophage scavenger receptor 1 (MSR1)) and lipid-handling genes (i.e. adipose differentiation-related protein (Adfp), fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4), ApoE and ABCA1), and increased accumulation of Oil Red O-positive lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • skeletal
  • The beneficial effect of exercise on musculoskeletal strength is known: exercise induces bone formation, encourages growth of skeletally supportive tissues, inhibits bone resorption, and alters skeletal architecture through direct and indirect effects on a multiplicity of cells involved in skeletal adaptation. (frontiersin.org)
  • GLUT4 is the insulin-regulated glucose transporter found primarily in adipose tissues and striated muscle (skeletal and cardiac). (wikipedia.org)
  • Somatotropic hormone or Growth hormone (GH) is an anabolic hormone that stimulates growth of all body tissues but especially skeletal muscle and bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdomen
  • Fat in the lower body, as in thighs and buttocks, is subcutaneous and is not consistently spaced tissue, whereas fat in the abdomen is mostly visceral and semi-fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • excess
  • The breast-lift correction of a sagging bust is a surgical operation that cuts and removes excess tissues (glandular, adipose, skin), overstretched suspensory ligaments, excess skin from the skin-envelope, and transposes the nipple-areola complex higher upon the breast hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • If GLUT4 is over-expressed, it can actually alter nutrient distribution and send excess glucose into adipose tissue, leading to increased adipose tissue mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endocrinology
  • Echocardiographic epicardial adipose tissue is related to anthropometric and clinical parameters of metabolic syndrome: a new indicator of cardiovascular risk," Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , vol. 88, no. 11, pp. 5163-5168, 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • percentage
  • 2. The tissue product of claim 1 , wherein the tissue product has at least about 3% extracellular matrix components as a percentage of the overall tissue product by mass. (google.ca)
  • FIG. 1 is a plot showing differential scanning calorimetry data indicating the percentage of collagen denaturation in tissue samples, prepared according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure, after incubation at different temperatures. (google.ca)
  • In women, the percentage of adipose tissue tends to be higher, to prepare the body for the heavy energy demands of pregnancy. (wisegeek.com)
  • inflammatory
  • Therefore, this study aimed to test the hypothesis that the TRB gene family fulfils broader functions in the integration of metabolic and inflammatory pathways in various tissues. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Expenditure
  • These so-called adipokines are involved in the control of metabolism, linking the nutrient status to the tissues involved in energy intake and expenditure and affecting insulin sensitivity. (springer.com)
  • metabolic
  • Visceral abdominal fat (VAT) is a distinct type of WAT that is "proportionally associated with negative metabolic and cardiovascular morbidity", regenerates cortisol, and recently has been tied to decreased bone formation Both types of WAT substantially differ from brown adipose tissue (BAT) as by a group of proteins that help BAT's thermogenic role. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adipose tissue, commonly known as fat, is a depository for energy in order to conserve metabolic homeostasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It stimulates the heart and its conducting tissues and metabolic processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrient
  • Previous experiments have enabled them to decode a signalling pathway involved in adipose cell maturation and to show that calories in the nutrient medium influence this process. (medindia.net)
  • Going forward, we want to investigate the environmental factors - particularly the nutrient conditions - that cause different adipose cell types to grow," explains biophysicist Dr. Matthias Meier. (medindia.net)
  • adult
  • The researchers used the new lab-on-a-chip to study how adult stem cells in adipose tissue develop into mature fat cells, conducting their investigations outside the body. (medindia.net)
  • Factors such as insulin and blood sugar levels influence whether or not adult stem cells in adipose tissue will develop into mature adipose cell. (medindia.net)
  • In contrast to embryonic stem cells, when adult stem cells divide, their offspring are only able to develop at the same site and in certain tissue types. (medindia.net)
  • This enabled adipose-derived adult stem cells to be successfully converted into mature fat cells within the experiments, and the corresponding signalling pathway mTORC1 was also decoded. (medindia.net)
  • Her major research interest is in the role of stem cells in adult tissue maintenance. (wikipedia.org)
  • predominantly
  • It is a G-protein coupled receptor associated with the Gs heterotrimeric G-protein and is expressed predominantly in cardiac tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Adipose depots in different parts of the body have different biochemical profiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Better known simply as "fat," this tissue makes up around 15-20% of the body weight of an average person. (wisegeek.com)
  • While many people have negative associations with deposits of adipose tissue on the body, people cannot thrive without it, although unusually high levels of this type of tissue have been linked with health problems. (wisegeek.com)
  • In people with insufficient quantities of adipose tissues, it can be difficult to keep the body functioning between meals, and lowered body temperatures are common as the body is unable to keep itself at a stable temperature. (wisegeek.com)
  • In the human body, adipose tissue acts as a primary energy store. (medindia.net)
  • In the middle-aged woman, breast ptosis usually is caused by the postpartum hormonal changes to the maternal body, which depleted the quantity of adipose fat tissue and atrophied the milk glands, and because of the inelasticity of the skin envelope, which was overstretched by the engorgement of lactation. (wikipedia.org)
  • acoelomate An animal, such as a flatworm or a jellyfish, that lacks a fluid-filled body cavity between the body wall and digestive tract (the coelom) Rather, semi-solid mesodermal tissues between the gut and body wall hold the animal's organs in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the turn of the 19th century, it was agreed that the stimulation of sympathetic nerves could cause different effects on body tissues, depending on the conditions of stimulation (such as the presence or absence of some toxin). (wikipedia.org)
  • The variation of body fat distribution resulting from normal growth is influenced by nutritional and hormonal status in dependence on intrinsic differences in cells found in each adipose depot. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty
  • Fatty acids are taken up by muscle and cardiac tissue as a fuel source, and glycerol is taken up by the liver for gluconeogenesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment methods include the following modalities: Surgical excision of fatty tissue deposits around joints (liposuction) has been used in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • Such products can include tissue grafts and/or processed tissues (e.g., acellular tissue matrices from skin, intestine, or other tissues, with or without cell seeding). (google.ca)
  • However, it remains unclear whether adjusting the calorie levels in this way leads to an increased rate of adipose cell formation. (medindia.net)
  • Stem cell researchers led by Dr Adam Reid, present a review of the current literature on the suitability of adipose-derived stem cells in peripheral nerve repair. (medindia.net)
  • Beige fat is the adrenergically inducible cell type that is dispersed throughout adipose tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much like in other tissues, GLUT4 also responds to insulin signaling, and is transported into the plasma membrane to facilitate the diffusion of glucose into the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fiona Watt, FRS, is a British scientist who is internationally known for detailing the mechanisms that control epidermal stem cell renewal, differentiation, and tissue aggregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • The tissue product can be provided in a sheet format that is suitable for surgical use and/or for further manipulation to prepare a desired implant shape, or can be provided in any other desired shape. (google.ca)
  • Surgical removal of the damaged adipose tissue can be effective, but often the disease will recur. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • Notably, this is not the same as the presence of Myf5 protein, which is involved in the development of many tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thyroid tissue consists of follicles with stored protein called colloid, containing thyroglobulin, a precursor to other thyroid hormones, which are manufactured within the colloid. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • Once within cells, glucose is rapidly phosphorylated by glucokinase in the liver and hexokinase in other tissues to form glucose-6-phosphate, which then enters glycolysis or is polymerized into glycogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • To function properly, an immune system must detect a wide variety of agents, known as pathogens, from viruses to parasitic worms, and distinguish them from the organism's own healthy tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, autoimmunity results from a hyperactive immune system attacking normal tissues as if they were foreign organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • breast
  • High levels of estrogen in breast tissue increases the risk of developing breast cancer and the enzyme aromatase is considered to be a good therapeutic target when treating breast cancer due to it being involved in the final step of estrogen biosynthetic pathway and also its inhibitation will not affect production of other steroids. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • In animal experiments, the amount of mercury in brain tissue was not increased, but also not decreased(can anyone provide a reference for the material/data/research from which this conclusion was drawn? (wikipedia.org)
  • animal
  • In animal trials the disks become stable and well-integrated into the native tissue of the spinal columns several weeks post-surgery. (nutritionreview.org)