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  • pleomorphic adenoma
  • To assess lymphatic vascular density (LVD) and lymph vessel endothelial proliferation in a series of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) that represents the tumour in the different carcinogenesis phases and tumour progression. (bmj.com)
  • In 8 cases of early CXPA (intracapsular and minimally invasive tumours), 8 of advanced CXPA (widely invasive tumours) and 10 of pleomorphic adenoma (PA) without malignant transformation, lymphatic vessels and proliferating cells were detected using the antibodies D2-40 and Ki-67 respectively. (bmj.com)
  • His histopathology report was suggestive of pleomorphic adenoma. (ac.ir)
  • Toxic Adenoma
  • Toxic multinodular goiter (TMNG) encompasses a spectrum of pathologies ranging from a single hyperfunctioning nodule within an enlarged thyroid gland, which has additional normal or nonfunctioning nodules, to multiple hyperfunctiong nodules.Toxic adenoma is more common in women, and can occur at any age, being more frequent between the ages of 30 and 60 years, while TMNG tends to occur at older age. (springer.com)
  • excision
  • Biopsy usually confirms the growth to be an adenoma, but, sometimes, excision at surgery is required, especially when the cells found at biopsy are of the follicular type. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are reported cases of cancers arising within nipple adenomas, and following excision of nipple adenomas, but these are rare occurrences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most patients with thyroid adenoma can be managed by watchful waiting (without surgical excision) with regular monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • cutaneous
  • Adenoma sebaceum is a misnamed cutaneous disorder consisting of angiofibromas that begin in childhood (generally present between 2-5 years of age) and appear clinically as red papules on the face especially on the nasolabial folds, cheek and chin mostly thought to be acne not responding to treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papillary eccrine adenoma (also known as "tubular apocrine adenoma")[citation needed] is a cutaneous condition characterized by an uncommon benign sweat gland neoplasm that presents as a dermal nodule located primarily on the extremities of black patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • multinodular goiter
  • A thyroid adenoma is distinguished from a multinodular goiter of the thyroid in that an adenoma is typically solitary, and is a neoplasm resulting from a genetic mutation (or other genetic abnormality) in a single precursor cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Some adenomas are too small to be seen macroscopically but can still cause clinical symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peeker R Aldenborg F Fall M: Nephrogenic adenoma: A study with special reference to clinical presentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Very occasionally, a true adrenal cortical adenoma is associated with the clinical manifestations of Conn's syndrome, and can be shown to be excreting mineralocorticoids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adenomatosis
  • The condition may also be known as : Florid papillomatosis of the nipple Florid adenomatosis Subareolar duct papillomatosis Erosive adenomatosis A nipple adenoma is a type of intraductal papilloma that arises within the lactiferous ducts that are located within the nipple. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Also, a pituitary adenoma can cause symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs of a hormone-producing adenoma may range from rapid weight gain and decreased sex drive to increased sweating and high blood pressure, among dozens of other potential symptoms. (moffitt.org)
  • For many patients, medication to control symptoms, surgery or radiation therapy - or a combination thereof - is used to treat a functioning adenoma. (moffitt.org)
  • In other cases, a "watchful waiting" approach may be taken if a pituitary adenoma does not cause any disruptive symptoms. (moffitt.org)
  • Other conditions that have similar symptoms and signs as nipple adenoma include Paget's disease of the breast, other intraductal papillomas, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), syringomatous adenoma of the nipple and subareolar sclerosing duct hyperplasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Raappana A, Koivukangas J, Ebeling T, Pirilä T. Incidence of pituitary adenomas in Northern Finland in 1992-2007. (springer.com)
  • Gruppetta M, Mercieca C, Vassallo J. Prevalence and incidence of pituitary adenomas: a population based study in Malta. (springer.com)
  • The incidence rate of pituitary adenomas in western Sweden for the period 2001-2011. (springer.com)
  • Decreases in dosages and the types of hormones contained in OCPs have led to a reduction in adenoma incidence, as reported by another study by Edmonson et al. (medscape.com)
  • [ 7 ] Rooks et al reported that in women who have never used OCPs, the annual incidence of hepatic adenoma is 1 to 1.3 per million but increases to 3.4 per 100,000 in long-term users. (medscape.com)
  • Incidence of adenomas may be increased in metabolic diseases, including tyrosinemia and type 1 diabetes mellitus, and glycogen storage diseases (types 1 and 3), as well as in beta-thalassemia and hemochromatosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • follicular
  • Almost all thyroid adenomas are follicular adenomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Follicular adenomas can be described as "cold", "warm" or "hot" depending on their level of function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Histopathologically, follicular adenomas can be classified according to their cellular architecture and relative amounts of cellularity and colloid into the following types: Fetal (microfollicular) - these have the potential for microinvasion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Careful pathological examination may be necessary to distinguish a thyroid adenoma from a minimally invasive follicular thyroid carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thyroid follicular adenoma ranges in diameter from 3 cm on an average, but sometimes is larger (up to 10 cm) or smaller. (wikipedia.org)
  • Areas of hemorrhage, fibrosis, calcification, and cystic change, similar to what is found in multinodular goiters, are common in thyroid (follicular) adenoma, particularly in larger lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • asymptomatic
  • Nonfunctioning adenomas are often asymptomatic, but may require treatment if they grow large enough to press against a nearby nerve or the brain. (moffitt.org)
  • lesions
  • Lesions of the nipple and areola, such as nipple adenoma, may be difficult to image clearly on routine mammogram or ultrasonography. (wikipedia.org)
  • nodular
  • Telangiectatic adenoma is a recently recognized variant of HCA formerly classified as a type of focal nodular hyperplasia. (medscape.com)
  • Once excised, the macroscopic appearance of nipple adenomas is of a poorly defined nodular mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • adrenal
  • While some adrenal adenomas do not secrete hormones at all, often some secrete cortisol, causing Cushing's syndrome, aldosterone causing Conn's syndrome, or androgens causing hyperandrogenism. (wikipedia.org)