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  • process for producin
  • More specifically, it describes an improved process for producing acrolein or producing acrylic acid by the catalytic vapor phase oxidation of propylene in the presence of essentially inert essentially anhydrous diluents having specified composite heat capacity values. (google.com)
  • neuronal
  • Ultimately, acrolein damages both axonal membranes and myelin structures (C). Myelin decompaction and retraction prevent saltatory conduction and allow K + channels to spread into the node of Ranvier, furthering disrupting neuronal function. (nih.gov)
  • mercapturic
  • We investigated exposure to carbon monoxide (CO), nicotine (by measuring cotinine in urine), and to acrolein (by measuring its primary metabolite, S-(3-hydroxypropyl)mercapturic acid (3-HPMA) in urine) before and after 4 weeks of EC (green smoke, a "cig-a-like" EC, labeled 2.4% nicotine by volume) use, in 40 smokers. (aacrjournals.org)
  • myelin
  • Researchers believe acrolein is responsible for the dismantling of the myelin as well as inducing the creation of free radicals, which are compounds that cause further injury to tissues that are already damaged due to trauma or disease. (dailytech.com)
  • On the cellular level, acrolein exposure can cause membrane damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and myelin disruption. (nih.gov)
  • Molecular mechanisms of acrolein-mediated myelin destruction in CNS trauma and disease. (semanticscholar.org)
  • catalysts
  • Generally, propylene in its gaseous phase is oxidized to acrolein in the presence of molecular oxygen-containing gases and steam, whose concentration is often as high as about 35 volume percent of the total feed stream, by contact at elevated temperatures with solid metal oxide catalysts. (google.com)
  • induces
  • It has been shown that acrolein induces these three UPRs [ 11 - 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Because acrolein is a DNA damaging agent and induces ER stresses [ 14 ] and induces myeloid infiltration to lung [ 19 ], here we investigated whether GADD34 might affects pathogenesis of acrolein-induced lung injury. (hindawi.com)
  • compounds
  • A number of useful compounds are made from acrolein, exploiting its bifunctionality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acrolein is a useful intermediate in the production of various compounds including methionine, methionine hydroxy analog, 1, 3 propanediol and glutaraldehyde. (reportsnreports.com)
  • endogenous
  • Acrolein originates from multiple exogenous and endogenous sources and is known to attack protein, lipids, and DNA. (nih.gov)
  • scavenger
  • Acrolein is a powerful solution to these problems since it not only is oil-permeable and biofilm permeable allowing easy mitigation of bacterial colonies at the site, but it also acts as a H 2 S scavenger and an iron-sulfide dissolver. (blockeng.com)
  • pollutants
  • Acrolein also can be formed from the breakdown of certain pollutants in outdoor air or from burning organic matter like tobacco, or fuels like gasoline and oil. (epa.gov)
  • oils
  • Small amounts of acrolein may be found in some foods, such as fried foods, cooking oils, and roasted coffee. (epa.gov)
  • reactions
  • So far most theoretical work is about adsorption and reactions of acrolein and its related species on surfaces. (springer.com)
  • Kinetic Resolution of the Acrolein Dimer by Asymmetric Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons Reactions. (docme.ru)
  • cardiovascular
  • This study demonstrates that acrolein induced cardiovascular responses in hypertesnion are associated with reduced blood oxygen levels suggesting that the cardiovascular effects of air pollution may be mediated by hypoxia. (epa.gov)
  • rats with normal blood pressure) rats implanted with biopotential radiotelemetry transmitters were exposed once for 3 hours to 3 parts per million acrolein gas or filtered air (control) in whole body plethysmograph chambers while cardiovascular and ventilatory parameters were monitored. (epa.gov)
  • chemical
  • Several chemical species are capable of binding and inactivating acrolein. (nih.gov)
  • Chemical safety data sheet SD-85: properties and essential information for safe handling and use of acrolein. (cdc.gov)
  • Acrolein is used primarily as an intermediate component in the manufacture of chemical substances. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Despite the dangerous nature of this chemical, the benefits outweigh the risks of using acrolein in industrial settings so preventative measures have to be implemented to reduce employee exposure. (blockeng.com)
  • Increases
  • We found that hypertensive, but not normal rats, had significant increases in heart rate, blood pressure, breathing frequency, and minute volume during acrolein exposure. (epa.gov)
  • Concurrent with injury-induced increases in acrolein concentration is an increased expression of TRPA1 in the lumbar (L3-L6) sensory ganglia. (iupui.edu)
  • mutagenesis
  • Acrolein has been shown to induce G to T and G to A mutations forming mutagenic a- and c-hydroxy-1, N (2)-cyclic propano-2′-deoxyguanosine adducts, which enhance oxidative DNA damage-induced mutagenesis [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)