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  • activates
  • Deoxycholic acid binds and activates the membrane enzyme NAPE-PLD , which catalyzes the release of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide and other N-acylethanolamines . (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty
  • Research spanning three decades suggests that grass-based diets can significantly improve the fatty acid (FA) composition and antioxidant content of beef, albeit with variable impacts on overall palatability. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thus, the individual fatty acid profiles tend to be more instructive than broad lipid classifications with respect to subsequent impacts on serum cholesterol, and should therefore be considered when making dietary recommendations for the prevention of CVD. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Phosphatidic acids are phospholipids which on hydrolysis give rise to one molecule each of glycerol and phosphoric acid and two molecules of fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phosphatidic acid consists of a glycerol backbone, with, in general, a saturated fatty acid bonded to carbon -1, an unsaturated fatty acid bonded to carbon -2, and a phosphate group bonded to carbon -3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different acyltransferases also have different intracellular distributions, such as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), the mitochondria or peroxisomes, and local concentrations of activated fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • liquids
  • When you ingest foods and liquids, the end products of digestion and assimilation of nutrients often results in an acid or alkaline-forming effect - the end products are sometimes called acid ash or alkaline ash. (drbenkim.com)
  • As these examples show, acids (in the colloquial sense) can be solutions or pure substances, and can be derived from acids (in the strict sense) that are solids, liquids, or gases. (wikipedia.org)
  • ions
  • Similarly an excess of H + ions is partially neutralized by the bicarbonate component of the buffer solution to form carbonic acid (H 2 CO 3 ), which, because it is a weak acid, remains largely in the undissociated form, releasing far fewer H + ions into the solution than the original strong acid would have done. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydronium ions are acids according to all three definitions. (wikipedia.org)
  • An Arrhenius acid is a substance that, when added to water, increases the concentration of H + ions in the water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Solutions in water containing ascorbic acid and copper ions and/or peroxide, resulting in rapid oxidation of ascorbic acid to dehydroascorbic acid, have been shown to possess powerful but short-lived antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral properties, and have been used to treat gingivitis, periodontal disease, and dental plaque. (wikipedia.org)
  • isomers
  • Grass-based diets have been shown to enhance total conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) (C18:2) isomers, trans vaccenic acid (TVA) (C18:1 t11), a precursor to CLA, and omega-3 (n-3) FAs on a g/g fat basis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • bases
  • The proper balance between the acids and bases (i.e. the pH) in the ECF is crucial for the normal physiology of the body, and cellular metabolism . (wikipedia.org)
  • Acids form aqueous solutions with a sour taste, can turn blue litmus red, and react with bases and certain metals (like calcium ) to form salts . (wikipedia.org)
  • Interestingly, although alcohols and amines can be Brønsted-Lowry acids, they can also function as Lewis bases due to the lone pairs of electrons on their oxygen and nitrogen atoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • serum
  • Folic acid was not associated with any consistent changes in serum phenytoin or phenobarbitone levels or improvement in the mean motor conduction velocities of peripheral nerves. (cochrane.org)
  • For instance, lauric acid (C12:0) and myristic acid (C14:0), have a greater total cholesterol raising effect than palmitic acid (C16:0), whereas stearic acid (C18:0) has a neutral effect on the concentration of total serum cholesterol, including no apparent impact on either LDL or HDL. (biomedcentral.com)
  • sodium
  • In the 17th century, Johann Rudolf Glauber from Karlstadt am Main, Germany used sodium chloride salt and sulfuric acid for the preparation of sodium sulfate in the Mannheim process , releasing hydrogen chloride gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Usnic acid and its salt form, sodium usniate, have been marketed in the US as an ingredient in food supplements for use in weight reduction, although this effect is unsupported by scientific evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium deoxycholate, the sodium salt of deoxycholic acid, is often used as a biological detergent to lyse cells and solubilise cellular and membrane components. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • This is achieved by changes in the rate and depth of breathing (i.e. by hyperventilation or hypoventilation ), which blows off or retains carbon dioxide (and thus carbonic acid) in the blood plasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • After addition of [1,2-13Cacetate, NMR spectroscopy showed enrichment of every carbon in domoic acid, indicating incorporation of the carbon isotopes. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The second category of acids are Lewis acids , which form a covalent bond with an electron pair. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fenamic acid is an organic compound , which, especially in its ester form, is called fenamate . (wikipedia.org)
  • 8 was then deselenated to form 9 (E-9 and Z-9), lastly leading to the formation of (-) domoic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dehydroascorbic acid ( DHA ) is an oxidized form of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). It is actively imported into the endoplasmic reticulum of cells via glucose transporters. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • Measles (rubeola) is an infectious disease caused by multiplication of a single-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. (cochrane.org)
  • protects
  • It is believed that usnic acid protects the lichen from adverse effects of sunlight exposure and deters grazing animals with its bitter taste. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ascorbic acid protects the mitochondrial genome and membrane . (wikipedia.org)
  • compounds
  • Buffers typically consist of a pair of compounds in solution, one of which is a weak acid and the other a weak base. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixture
  • Aqua regia , a mixture consisting of hydrochloric and nitric acids, prepared by dissolving sal ammoniac in nitric acid, was described in the works of Pseudo-Geber , a 13th-century European alchemist. (wikipedia.org)
  • membrane
  • In research deoxycholic acid is used as a mild detergent for the isolation of membrane associated proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • strong
  • Domoic acid has a very strong affinity for these receptors, which results in excitotoxicity initiated by an integrative action on ionotropic glutamate receptors at both sides of the synapse, coupled with the effect of blocking the channel from rapid desensitization. (wikipedia.org)
  • sufficient
  • Obtaining sufficient background knowledge about acid reflux can help. (naturalhealthremedies.org)
  • According to these publications, a sufficient amount of deoxycholic acid in the human body would correspond with a good immune reaction of the non-specific immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • effect
  • Chebulagic acid also show a protective effect against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) - induce cytotoxicity which mimics the pathological symptom of Parkinson's disease. (medchemexpress.com)
  • Neuroprotective Effect of Chebulagic Acid via Autophagy Induction in SH-SY5Y Cells. (medchemexpress.com)
  • Some publications point towards the effect of deoxycholic acid as an immunostimulant of the innate immune system , activating its main actors, the macrophages . (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Also, as your cells produce energy on a continual basis, a number of different acids are formed and released into your body fluids. (drbenkim.com)
  • Chebulagic acid inhibits the LPS-induced expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in endothelial cells by suppressing MAPK activation. (medchemexpress.com)
  • When injected into submental fat, deoxycholic acid helps destroy fat cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Usnic acid is a naturally occurring dibenzofuran derivative found in several lichen species with the formula C 18 H 16 O 7 . (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it is generally believed that usnic acid is exclusively restricted to lichens, in a few unconfirmed isolated cases the compound was found in kombucha tea and non-lichenized ascomycetes . (wikipedia.org)
  • Usnic acid has been found to have adrenergic activity in both frog and earthworm nerve junction models in preliminary research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tranexamic acid has been found to decrease the risk of death in people who have significant bleeding due to trauma . (wikipedia.org)
  • vitamin
  • The studies reviewed investigated the use of folic acid, thiamine, vitamin D and vitamin E and were of poor methodological quality. (cochrane.org)
  • Dehydroascorbic acid has been used as a vitamin C dietary supplement. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a cell culture growth medium , dehydroascorbic acid has been used to assure the uptake of vitamin C into cell types that do not contain ascorbic acid transporters. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • In obstetrics, tranexamic acid is used after delivery to reduce bleeding, often with syntocinon/oxytocin and fundal massage. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • To solve acid reflux, we could be over-drinking water that has low level chemicals or heavy metals but that eventually add up glass by glass and affect our health. (naturalhealthremedies.org)
  • Most acids encountered in everyday life are aqueous solutions , or can be dissolved in water, so the Arrhenius and Brønsted-Lowry definitions are the most relevant. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Chebulagic acid exert anti-inflammatory and anti-infective effects. (medchemexpress.com)
  • The effects of domoic acid have been attributed to several mechanisms, but the one of concern is through glutamate receptors . (wikipedia.org)
  • solution
  • 3 ) salt in solution, is the most abundant buffer in the extracellular fluid, and it is also the buffer whose acid to base ratio can be changed very easily and rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lewis considered this as a generalization of the Brønsted definition, so that an acid is a chemical species that accepts electron pairs either directly or by releasing protons (H + ) into the solution, which then accept electron pairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • content
  • It is possible to determine the content of usnic acid in lichen extract using reversed-polarity capillary zone electrophoretic analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • food
  • Lying down may cause those acids, and food, to travel up the esophagus. (naturalhealthremedies.org)
  • In the United States, deoxycholic acid, under the trade name Kybella, is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for reducing moderate-to-severe fat below the chin . (wikipedia.org)
  • Free
  • The (free) chemical radical semidehydroascorbic acid (SDA) also belongs to the group of oxidized ascorbic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Tranexamic acid ( TXA ) is a medication used to treat or prevent excessive blood loss from major trauma , post partum bleeding , surgery, tooth removal , nose bleeds , and heavy menstruation . (wikipedia.org)
  • Tranexamic acid is used to prevent and treat blood loss in a variety of situations, such as dental procedures for hemophiliacs, heavy menstrual bleeding, and surgeries with high risk of blood loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tranexamic acid is used in orthopedic surgery to reduce blood loss, to the extent of reducing or altogether abolishing the need for perioperative blood collection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tranexamic acid is used for a short period of time before and after the surgery to prevent major blood loss and decrease the need for blood transfusions. (wikipedia.org)
  • balance
  • So let's take a look at the fundamentals of pH and how your body regulates the acid-alkaline balance of its fluids on a moment-to-moment basis. (drbenkim.com)