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  • tasks
  • However, while the effects of social-evaluative stress on cortisol reactivity are well documented, other researchers have also examined the effectiveness of challenging, non-social-evaluative tasks in activating the HPA axis. (springer.com)
  • While social judgments are among the most effective cortisol-inducing stressors, the ability of non-social-evaluative tasks to activate the HPA response (Dickerson and Kemeny 2004 ) suggests a more general role for cortisol and the HPA axis in responding to challenging situations. (springer.com)
  • made
  • 3) 3(5), 3339 Although research in children can be challenging for investigators, children and their families, it is only through well-designed and ethical studies that improvements in diagnosis, disease prevention and disease management can be made. (careersdocbox.com)
  • Although many significant achievements have been made, Vietnam's health care system still faces many health and health care challenges. (lww.com)
  • Within such a short time frame and as the country is facing significant threats, it is essential to take action to protect any achievements made. (un.org.lb)
  • Lebanon's most realistic bet in the short term, given constraining circumstances, is to try and protect the MDG achievements made and contain any deterioration in poverty levels and environmental sustainability, while maintaining macroeconomic stability. (un.org.lb)
  • include
  • The current achievements include multifunctional drug delivery systems with accelerated release characteristic, adjustable and personalized dosage forms, implants and phantoms corresponding to specific patient anatomy as well as cell-based materials for regenerative medicine. (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • diseases
  • Despite South Asia's many challenges, including a rapid increase in non-communicable eye diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, the many and varied successes of the last thirty years are a cause for celebration. (cehjournal.org)
  • response
  • In the positive- and no-feedback conditions, individuals high in implicit achievement motivation demonstrated increased cortisol response to the task, whereas in the negative feedback condition, individuals high in implicit achievement motivation demonstrated a dampened cortisol response. (springer.com)
  • 2013 ) found that participants with higher perceived control experienced greater cortisol response during a driving simulation challenge with low controllability. (springer.com)
  • trends
  • Even though access to safe and legal abortion was achieved in most of the industrialised countries in Europe and North America during the period of liberal reforms between 1950 and 1985, there is a number of worrying trends and challenges that are representative of the ongoing rise of religious, political, and economic extremisms resulting in imposition of restrictive measures preventing women from accessing accessible and affordable abortion services. (wgnrr.org)
  • Halve, Between 1990 And 2015, The Proportion Of People Whose Income Is Less Than One Dollar A Day Assessing poverty levels and trends in Lebanon is a challenging exercise, due to scarce data and irregular surveys, notwithstanding the fact that poverty measures also have methodological shortcomings. (un.org.lb)
  • Activity
  • Furthermore, a body of evidence spanning many diverse literatures supports the assertion that the ability of specific stressor classes to induce HPA activity is moderated by a number of individual difference variables that potentiate the effects of personally relevant challenges. (springer.com)
  • Study
  • In the present study we investigated whether one individual difference-the implicit need for achievement-moderates the effect of motive-relevant challenge on salivary cortisol. (springer.com)
  • Research
  • While some research has examined universally relevant threats, other research has suggested that individual differences may moderate the relationship between stress and cortisol release, such that some individuals exhibit modified reactivity to personally relevant stressors or challenges. (springer.com)
  • life
  • It puts my work into perspective and brings home why the money and awareness raised through this epic challenge will be life-altering to the men, such as those we met on the march. (leightonbuzzardonline.co.uk)
  • conditions
  • As a result of these challenges, and the failure of the health systems in the region to provide adequate services (due to logistical issues), conditions such as uncorrected refractive error still require urgent attention in South Asia - despite the fact that the technical know-how exists. (cehjournal.org)
  • religious
  • Five Orange County parents, backed by a group that says it defends religious liberty, have filed a lawsuit challenging the state's CLAS student achievement test, which has come under legal assault across the state as anti-family and inappropriate for children. (latimes.com)