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  • injury
  • Medical procedures are the most common cause of injury to the spinal accessory nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical repair may improve function and pain and should be performed early, preferably within six months, but prevention of nerve injury is most important. (lu.se)
  • Symptoms of nerve injury include paresthesias, loss of sensation and position sense, impaired motor function, cranial nerve malfunction, changes in reflexes, and impairments in glandular secretion. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The assessment of nerve injury includes a careful neurological examination, sometimes accompanied by tests, e.g., electromyography or nerve conduction studies. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We reviewed the medical records of a consecutive 37 patients (11 men and 26 women) having surgery to correct spinal accessory nerve injury. (uta.fi)
  • The most common cause of accessory nerve damage or injury is previous surgery in the area of the nerve itself. (drwilderman.com)
  • For patients who are not candidates for further surgery to correct the accessory nerve injury, nerve block injections can alleviate or minimize the pain associated with the damage. (drwilderman.com)
  • It can suffer an injury with daily movements or behaviors that exceed the elastic capacity of the nerve structure, such as excessive stretching or carrying heavy weights. (statpearls.com)
  • injuries
  • The incidence of such nerve injuries during lymph node biopsies is 3%-10%, but the diagnosis is often delayed. (lu.se)
  • Injuries to the accessory nerve are rare and may cause unpredictable motor defects in the neck, including trapezius muscle weakness/atrophy. (ajnr.org)
  • lateral
  • He had normal motor and sensory function of the ankle and foot, a negative Tinel test and his symptoms were not reproducible during examination, although the reported paraesthesia was in the typical distribution of the medial and lateral plantar nerves. (scielo.org.za)
  • Regeneration
  • The practice of using sensory grafts to repair motor nerve defects is challenged by the discovery of preferential motor reinnervation and modality specific nerve regeneration. (ovid.com)
  • shoulder
  • In patients with damage to the spinal accessory nerve, shoulder elevation will be diminished, and the patient will be incapable of raising the shoulders against the examiner's resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mean active range of movement of the shoulder improved at abduction 44° (43%) in neurolysis, 59° (71%) in direct nerve repair, and 30° (22%) in nerve-grafting patients. (uta.fi)
  • When this nerve is damaged or impinged, it can cause the function of the nerve to deteriorate and affect the mobility of the shoulder girdle. (drwilderman.com)
  • motor
  • These cases provide a stimulus to consider the use of motor nerve grafts or transfers in the repair of motor nerve deficits. (ovid.com)
  • Molecular control of spinal accessory motor neuron/axon development in the mouse spinal cord," Journal of Neuroscience , vol. 25, no. 44, pp. 10119-10130, 2005. (hindawi.com)
  • According to recent research, the nerve not only has motor components but also sensitive components. (statpearls.com)
  • Cranial nerve, essentially motor, controlling the movements of the neck and shoulders. (ikonet.com)
  • axons
  • Nerves in the peripheral nervous system are roughly analogous to tracts in the CNS and, like tracts, act as highways that axons can join or leave on the way from their origin to their target. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • medial
  • The standard repair of a nerve gap under tension is to use a sensory autograft, such as the medial antebrachial cutaneous or the sural nerve. (ovid.com)