• Furthermore, there was a fairly strong correlation between the degree of abnormality in a CFS patient's right arcuate fasciculus and the severity of the patient's condition, as assessed by performance on a standard psychometric test used to evaluate fatigue. (innovations-report.com)
  • Hamarneh's project proposes creating software that uses diffusion MRI datasets and connectivity patterns to quantify brain connectivity, revealing white matter abnormalities in premature infants. (sfu.ca)
  • Little evidence of recovery in white matter abnormalities was observed over a 4-month interval in returning patients, indicating that physiological recovery may lag behind subjective reports of normality. (jneurosci.org)
  • Symptoms will vary due to the wide range of congenital kidney abnormalities and their impacts on a child's health. (childrens.com)
  • Traditionally, it has been believed that patients with MTBI have symptoms because of abnormalities secondary to direct injury," he said. (scienceblog.com)
  • Previous studies of Gulf War and Iraq/Afghanistan veterans have found persistent respiratory symptoms decades after their deployment but have not always detected clinically significant pulmonary abnormalities," said lead author Michael Falvo, PhD, a research physiologist at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs' New Jersey War Related Illness and Injury Study Center. (eurekalert.org)
  • Prior studies in both US and Australian 1991 Gulf War veterans observed no clinically significant pulmonary abnormalities in deployed veterans despite the presence of symptoms that persist even 20 years later. (eurekalert.org)
  • The symptoms of dementia that stems from hormone abnormalities are very similar to those of degenerative forms of dementia, though they can differ from individual to individual. (dementia.org)
  • Most treatment options for dementia related to hormone abnormalities focus on managing the symptoms of the condition, or attempting to slow its progression. (dementia.org)
  • and a discussion of the implications of cultural variability (including culture-bound syndromes) for the classification and diagnosis of psychological abnormality. (google.com)
  • Among the 51 patients, she identified 31 (60.8%) with IJV abnormalities. (medscape.com)
  • However, because the central venous sinus can extend into the IJV and because patients were evaluated for IJV abnormalities only after a CVST, there is a question of whether the CVST could have caused some of the IJV anomalies. (medscape.com)
  • Trisomy 8 and a second Philadelphia chromosome were the most common abnormalities in the 292 patients with just one ACA, each occurring in 12% of cases. (news-medical.net)
  • New research suggests a jugular vein abnormality may play a factor in brain changes observed in patients with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. (psychcentral.com)
  • Until now, few studies have been able to investigate whole-genome gene expression and genotype variation in the brains of young patients with autism, especially in regions such as the prefrontal cortex that display the greatest growth abnormality. (ucsd.edu)
  • Our results indicate that gene expression abnormalities change across the lifespan in autism, and that dysregulated processes in the developing brain of autistic patients differ from those detected at adult ages," said Courchesne. (ucsd.edu)
  • Patients with COVID-19 can have bowel abnormalities, including ischemia, according to a new study published in Radiology . (rsna.org)
  • Bowel abnormalities were seen on 31% of CT scans (3.2% of all patients) and were more frequent in intensive care unit (ICU) patients than other inpatients. (rsna.org)
  • We found bowel abnormalities on imaging in patients with COVID-19, more commonly in sicker patients who went to the ICU," said Rajesh Bhayana, MD, abdominal imaging fellow in the Department of Radiology at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. (rsna.org)
  • The distribution of white matter brain abnormalities in some patients after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) closely resembles that found in early Alzheimer's dementia, according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology. (scienceblog.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -The goal of this study was to determine whether treatment with an aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) has beneficial effects on asymptomatic cardiac abnormalities in diabetic patients with neuropathy. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS -Diabetic patients with neuropathy have LV abnormalities that can be stabilized and partially reversed by ARI treatment. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Patients with diabetes have abnormalities in left ventricular (LV) function, including parameters of diastolic filling ( 6 , 7 ), LV systolic strain ( 8 ), and augmentation of LV ejection fraction (LVEF) with exercise ( 9 - 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, it is unclear whether these drugs have beneficial effects on LV performance in diabetic patients with abnormalities in cardiac function. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The imaging study also found abnormalities among CFS patients at the two points in the brain that connect the right arcuate fasciculus. (eurekalert.org)
  • Typically used for epilepsy evaluation, MEG can also be used to identify timing abnormalities in the brains of patients with autism. (webwire.com)
  • WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8, 2017 -- Many patients with a previous West Nile virus (WNV) infection have abnormalities on neurologic examination several years after they were infected, according to a study presented at the 66th annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, being held Nov. 5 to 9 in Baltimore. (drugs.com)
  • The researchers found that 49 percent of the 117 patients had some type of abnormal finding on neurologic examination, with most abnormalities unilateral in nature. (drugs.com)
  • Increased anisotropic diffusion has been previously linked with cytotoxic edema after TBI, and the magnitude and duration of these abnormalities appear to be greater in pediatric patients. (jneurosci.org)
  • It has been well documented that nearly 90 percent of all young patients with labral pathology have associated bony abnormalities and that conditions such as hip impingement and dysplasia are the two most common underlying factors associated with the development of osteoarthritis in the hip. (hss.edu)
  • Using an advanced imaging technique - diffusion-tensor imaging, which is especially suited to assessing the integrity of white matter - Zeineh and his colleagues identified a consistent abnormality in a particular part of a nerve tract in the right hemisphere of CFS patients' brains. (innovations-report.com)
  • The pattern of brain abnormalities in symptomatic patients after concussion is highly similar to that seen in Alzheimer's disease. (radiologyinfo.org)
  • It turns out to originate in an abnormality in the temporal lobes, the centers for speech and language, reports Tulane University neuroscientist Dr. Anne Foundas in Science Daily. (livestrong.com)
  • and there is the misconception that most athletes' ECG changes overlap significantly with ECG abnormalities seen in the cardiovascular diseases which cause sudden death in the young. (medhelp.org)
  • In this review, after a brief discussion of molecular mechanisms regulating mitochondrial fusion, fission, distribution, and trafficking, as well as the important role of mitochondrial dynamics for neuronal function, we review previous and the most recent studies about mitochondrial dynamic abnormalities observed in various major neurodegenerative diseases and discuss the possibility of targeting mitochondrial dynamics as a likely novel therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative diseases. (mdpi.com)
  • Wang, X. Abnormalities of Mitochondrial Dynamics in Neurodegenerative Diseases. (mdpi.com)
  • In one study, it was reported that the risks of birth abnormalities in babies born to a woman with a bicornuate uterus were four times higher than to a woman without the condition. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • These abnormalities impair brainstem circuits that help control breathing, heart rate, blood pressure and temperature control during sleep, and, the researchers believe, prevent sleeping babies from rousing when they rebreathe too much carbon dioxide (due to inadequate ventilation) or become overheated (from overbundling). (scienceblog.com)
  • Most of the seemingly healthy babies who die suddenly in their sleep may have undetected brain abnormalities, according to research from Boston Children's Hospital that is being published Monday. (bostonglobe.com)
  • Ras mutations are the molecular abnormalities most frequently found in MDS, followed by p15 gene hypermethylation, FLT3 duplications, and p53 mutations, but none of these abnormalities are specific for MDS. (springer.com)
  • These abnormalities generally consist of partial or complete chromosome deletion or addition (del5q, -7, +8, -Y, del20 q ), whereas balanced or unbalanced translocations are rarely found in MDS. (springer.com)
  • He said it is probably not worth screening healthy people for IJV abnormalities, and if abnormalities are found incidentally, intervention is not warranted at this point. (medscape.com)
  • Brainstem neurochemical abnormalities-involving serotonin, serotonin receptors, GABA receptors and 14-3-3 (a protein that regulates serotonin)-were found in both group A and group B. Neurochemical measures didn't differ significantly between the two groups, but each group differed significantly from the controls. (scienceblog.com)
  • Sherr's team found that p11.2 deletions and duplications were each linked to specific brain structure abnormalities that were visible on MRI. (upi.com)
  • Researchers found size reduction, slowed growth, high mortality and morphological abnormality both at the Fukushima site and among laboratory-bred butterflies with parents collected from the contaminated site. (rt.com)
  • In our study, however, we found evidence of small airway obstruction and other pulmonary abnormalities in many deployed veterans. (eurekalert.org)
  • He told The Sun he is now back to his best, but said of the scare: "I had blood tests done, and I had various scans including ones of my heart and my brain, and there were some abnormalities found, including something on my brain that looked like blood. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In a subset of ASD cases, the researchers found abnormalities in several genes known to be involved in neuron function. (biologynews.net)
  • When a patient has multiple abnormalities (multiple anomaly, multiple deformity), they have a congenital abnormality that can not be primarily identified with a single system of the body or single disease process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mousseau said that researchers were monitoring these species for signs of population decline due to abnormalities in mitochondrial DNA, since the same problem was reported in Chernobyl. (rt.com)
  • Both bipolar and unipolar disorders can be heritable illnesses associated with neurochemical, neuroendocrine and autonomic abnormalities. (nih.gov)
  • The scientists located specific regions in the genome where the abnormalities were likeliest to arise. (latimes.com)
  • Recreational use of marijuana is linked to abnormalities in two key brain regions that are important in emotion and motivation, report scientists. (medindia.net)
  • Using neuroimaging tools like diffusion MRI to explore the brain and detect abnormalities in development allows pediatric neuroradiologists to provide better prognosis, intervene earlier, and present families and caregivers with more effective rehabilitation options. (sfu.ca)
  • Now an international research team studying Alzheimer's and mild cognitive impairment is reporting potentially significant findings on a vascular abnormality outside the brain. (psychcentral.com)
  • So it's not clear whether the MRI findings predict future impairments in people who carry the p11.2 abnormalities. (upi.com)
  • Specifically, the pathophysiological substrate of CINMA, the electrophysiological and histological changes, and the relationship between these abnormalities and actual functional impairment have not been fully elucidated. (springer.com)
  • It then turns to functional abnormalities of whole blood in sickle cell anemia, inhibition of sickle hemoglobin gelation by amino acids and peptides, and intermolecular interactions in crystals of human deoxy hemoglobins A, C, F, and S. The chapters that follow focus on glycosylation of human hemoglobin, the phase transitions of sickle-cell hemoglobin, conformational effects of the HbS mutation, and mechanisms for hemoglobin oxidation. (elsevier.com)
  • The renal manifestations of SCD range from various tubular and glomerular functional abnormalities to gross anatomic alterations of the kidneys. (medscape.com)
  • Even the infants dying in unsafe sleep environments had an underlying brainstem abnormality that likely made them vulnerable to sudden death if there was any degree of asphyxia," Kinney says. (scienceblog.com)
  • Investigators at Boston Children's Hospital report that infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly, in both safe and unsafe sleep environments, have underlying brainstem abnormalities and are not all normal prior to death. (scienceblog.com)
  • The abnormalities were present whether infants had been put to bed in a safe sleeping position - on their backs - or in unsafe sleeping positions on their bellies, face-down, or surrounded by pillows and heavy blankets. (bostonglobe.com)