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  • hips
  • The waist is the part of the abdomen between the rib cage and hips. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research shows that people with "apple-shaped" bodies (with more weight around the waist) face more health risks than those with "pear-shaped" bodies who carry more weight around the hips. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hourglass shape is defined as a woman whose body measurements, the circumference of the bust, waist, and hips, are a wide bust, a narrow waist, and a wide hip that has similar measurements to that of the bust. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hourglass corset varied and developed as time passed but the design and intention of the corset remained the same at the core - the reduction of the waist line in order to create the ideal hourglass body shape where the bust and hips were similar in measurement while being much wider than the narrow waist. (wikipedia.org)
  • When women reach menopause and the estrogen produced by ovaries declines, fat migrates from their buttocks, hips and thighs to their waists. (wikipedia.org)
  • visceral fat
  • Abdominal fat is a marker of visceral fat (stored around important internal organs such as the liver, pancreas and intestines) and has greater blood flow and more receptors for cortisol than peripheral fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • buttocks
  • With the advent of pants and skirts that do not require support from above, the clothing waist moved down to a position where the body starts to expand to form the buttocks and a support is therefore available. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hip circumference should be measured around the widest portion of the buttocks, with the tape parallel to the floor. (wikipedia.org)
  • ratios
  • Waist-hip ratios of 0.7 for women and 0.9 for men have been shown to correlate strongly with general health and fertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) states that women with waist-hip ratios of more than 0.8, and men with more than 1.0, are at increased health risk because of their fat distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • corset
  • Waist reduction or waist training refer to the act of wearing a corset or other constricting garment to reduce or alter the waistline. (wikipedia.org)
  • The emphasis of the corset was less on the smallness of the waist than on the contrast between the rigid flatness of the bodice front and the curving tops of the breasts peeking over the top of the corset. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1830s, the artificially inflated shoulders and skirts made the intervening waist look narrow, even with the corset laced only moderately. (wikipedia.org)
  • The corset no longer ended at the waist, but flared out and ended several inches below the waist. (wikipedia.org)
  • A typical training routine begins with the use of a well-fitted corset and very gradual decreases in the waist circumference. (wikipedia.org)
  • The maids are pulling on strings at the back of the woman's corset in order to tighten it and reduce the size of the wearer's waist. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] Women who suffered to achieve small waists were also condemned for their vanity and excoriated from the pulpit as slaves to fashion. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Dress reformers exhorted women to abandon the tyranny of stays and free their waists for work and healthy exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • navel
  • In case the waist is convex rather than concave, such as is the case in pregnancy and obesity, the waist may be measured at a vertical level 1 inch above the navel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Waist measurements are usually obtained by laypersons by measuring around the waist at the navel, but research has shown that these measurements may underestimate the true waist circumference. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • Males generally deposit fat around waists and abdomens (producing an "apple shape") due to the lack of estrogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Beginning in late August 2013, if an Airman fails the abdominal circumference portion of the test, and passes each of the other three components, that Airman will be measured using the Body Mass Index (BMI) taping guidance in Department of Defense instructions. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is measured using Body Mass Index - BMI or waist circumference. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • The stress hormone cortisol is regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and has been associated with higher levels of abdominal fat and therefore a higher WHR. (wikipedia.org)