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  • Adiponectin
  • Those carrying the risk allele and consuming higher carbohydrate/lower fat diets showed an unfavorable metabolic pattern [lower HDL-C and adiponectin levels, higher VAT/SAT ratio, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and higher gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Conversely, premenopausal women carrying the risk allele and consuming lower carbohydrate/higher fat diets showed a more favorable metabolic pattern (higher HDL-C and adiponectin levels, and lower VAT/SAT ratio, HOMA-IR, GGT and ALP levels). (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is the first study reporting a gender-specific interaction between ABCA1 /R230C variant and dietary carbohydrate and fat percentages affecting VAT/SAT ratio, GGT, ALP, adiponectin levels and HOMA index. (biomedcentral.com)
  • At the beginning of the study researchers measured the children's beta-carotene levels, abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat, BMI percentile, waist-to-height ratio, and levels of the hormone adiponectin (which is made by fat cells and helps regulate metabolism). (naturalhealthnews.uk)
  • placebo
  • During the first 6 months, patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive daily subcutaneous injections of 2 mg tesamorelin or placebo. (hivandhepatitis.com)
  • Withdrawal of thymidine analogues from the antiretroviral regimens of patients with clinical signs of lipodystrophy (and replacing it by abacavir or in more recent studies by tenofovir) has been demonstrated to be able to partially revert limb fat loss in a number of studies, including randomized placebo-controlled trials 5-10. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • increases
  • The reported increases in limb fat have been greatest in patients that were pretreated with stavudine compared to patients pretreated with zidovudine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • coronary
  • Abstract -To ascertain the relationship between the extent and composition of coronary arterial lesions and the regional distribution of fat in healthy women younger than 50 years of age, a series of 30 forensic autopsy cases were investigated. (ahajournals.org)
  • To test the hypothesis that younger women with an android type of body fat distribution would probably have a greater risk of a future cardiovascular event, we designed a prospective autopsy study in which a detailed examination of coronary lesions was carried out. (ahajournals.org)
  • Trunk
  • After adjustment for baseline level of cardiovascular risk factors, trunk subcutaneous fat, and thoracic diameter, the ratio of the fifth over the first quintile of SAD was 2.6 (95% CI 1.0 to 6.7) and 2. (ahajournals.org)
  • limb fat
  • Exposure to zidovudine is associated with a slower and possibly lesser degree of limb fat loss than exposure to stavudine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Carr11 and Martin6 reported an increase in limb fat of 0.39 kg and 1.26 kg 24 and 104 weeks, respectively, after replacing stavudine or zidovudine by abacavir in the Mitox study (the majority of patients was on a stavudine-based regimen at entry, the minority on a ZDV-based regimen). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Moyle8 reported an increase of 1.08 kg of limb fat 48 weeks after withdrawal of thymidine analogues. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Measure
  • Thus, the first objective of this study was to measure body fat distribution in Asian Indians in relation to type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • subjects
  • There are very few studies on fat distribution in Indians ( 10 , 11 ) and virtually none comparing diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • distribution
  • Little information is available about the relative distribution patterns of deep and superficial fat layers in massive weight loss (MWL) patients. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The main objective of the study is to assess changes in fat distribution over 48 weeks of treatment in patients who currently successfully use zidovudine (AZT) and lamivudine (3TC) as part of their regimen and who will either continue these antiretrovirals or who will switch these antiretrovirals to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It has also been postulated that the normal regional distribution of body fat may be under hypothalamic autonomic neuronal control, and that effects of NRTI on the central and/or peripheral autonomic pathways may be underlying the selective loss of fat in subcutaneous but not in central regions of the body4. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • glucose-tolerance
  • The purpose was to determine whether lifestyle interventions have different effects on regional fat in women with normal glucose tolerance vs. impaired glucose tolerance (NGT vs. IGT). (figshare.com)
  • women
  • We compared 24-month body fat changes among postmenopausal women previously prescribed 300 versus 150 minutes/week of exercise in a year-long exercise intervention trial. (hindawi.com)
  • In postmenopausal women, higher BMI is associated with an increased risk of invasive breast cancer [ 4 ] in part because, after menopause, body fat becomes the primary source of endogenous estrogens and other biomarkers of breast cancer risk [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In an article published July 16th in JAMA Oncology , Christine M. Friedenreich, PhD and her co-authors shared the results of a 1-year clinical trial which focused on the effects of 300 vs 150 minutes a week of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise on body fat in postmenopausal women. (thebreastcaresite.com)