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  • omega-3 fat
  • Effect of Glucosamine Sulfate with or without Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Patients with Osteoarthritis," Adv. Ther . (google.com)
  • 4, 2009, printed Oct. 5, 2009) discloses compositions containing glucosamine sulfate and omega-3 fatty acids and their use in treating patients with osteoarthritis. (google.com)
  • Preliminary studies appear to indicate that the DHA and EPA omega-3 fatty acids found in krill oil may be more bio-available than in fish oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • prostaglandins
  • The ability of COXs to convert arachidonic acid to prostaglandins (PGs) and thromboxane A 2 was recognized over 50 years ago [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • In particular, prostaglandin is produced from arachidonic acid by the action of cyclooxygenase that produces cyclic endoperoxides (PGG2 and PGH2) that can give rise to prostacyclin or thromboxanes as well as prostaglandins. (biology-online.org)
  • Cycloxygenase: Cells can use prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (i.e. cyclooxygenenase-1 or COX-1) and Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (COX-2) to metabolize arachidonic acid primarily to prostaglandins but also to small amounts of 11(R)-HETE and a racemic mixture of 15-HETEs composed of ~22% 15(R)-HETE and ~78% 15(S)-HETE. (wikipedia.org)
  • PUFAs
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to play important roles in various physiological and pathological processes. (nih.gov)
  • However, the effects of other omega-3 PUFAs including 11,14,17-eicosatrienoic acid (20:3) (ETA) on UV-induced skin damages are poorly understood. (nih.gov)
  • carboxylic acid
  • The fragment of a carboxylic acid not including the hydroxyl (OH) group is called an acyl group. (britannica.com)
  • The OXER1 G protein-coupled receptor resembles the hydroxy carboxilic acid subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors, which besides GPR109A, niacin receptor 1, and niacin receptor 2 may include the recently defined receptor for 12-HETE, GPR31, not only in its amino acid sequence but also in the hydroxy-carboxylic acid nature of its cognate ligands. (wikipedia.org)
  • lipids
  • In lipid science , the Fatty acyl [FA] group , includes the Fatty Acids and Conjugates [FAclass, and is characterized by a repeating series of methylene groups that impart a hydrophobic character to these lipids. (wellnessadvantage.com)
  • Arachidonic acid is metabolized to an array of oxidized bioactive lipids by a series of different oxygenases that can introduce molecular oxygen with extraordinary regioselectivity and stereospecificity ( Figure 1 ). (mdpi.com)
  • epoxydocosapentaenoic acid
  • 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), principally in the areas of blood pressure regulation, blood vessel thrombosis, and cancer growth (see 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, Epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid, and Epoxydocosapentaenoic acid sections on activities and clinical significance). (wikipedia.org)