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  • skinfold thickness
  • At 8 years of age, the body composition of 213 children from this cohort was assessed by measurement of triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness and mid upper arm circumference. (scielo.br)
  • Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that the relative majority of variance in triceps skinfold thickness (12.3%) was explained by socioeconomic variables, particularly per capita family income (9.1%), followed by anemia and past hospitalization (which, together, explained 5.6% of variance) and maternal body mass index, which contributed toward 2.4% of this variance. (scielo.br)
  • obesity
  • Although the influence of obesity on pulmonary function tests has been examined, there are limited studies that evaluate the influence of body fat distribution on pulmonary function tests in overweight and moderate obesity. (springer.com)
  • The ongoing epidemic of obesity in children and adults has highlighted the importance of body fat for short term and long term health. (bmj.com)
  • Although the contemporary epidemic of obesity presents challenges for body composition reference data, whether individual patients are becoming more or less fat over time can only be assessed through comparison with a reference population. (bmj.com)
  • These observations demonstrate that dietary intervention during pregnancy minimizes the deleterious effects of maternal obesity on offspring body composition, potentially reducing the offsprings' risk of developing obesity and related diseases later in life. (physiology.org)
  • In addition to the numerous lifestyle factors that contribute to the development of obesity (e.g., increased consumption of foods that are high in fat and calories, physical inactivity, etc.), a growing body of evidence suggests that many individuals are programmed to become obese while still in the womb. (physiology.org)
  • impedance
  • The secondary objectives are to compare this relationship a) with the relationship of body mass index (BMI) and mortality, b) with the relationship of body composition changes and mortality, c) between healthy subjects and subgroups of patients with chronic diseases Methods: Included are all subjects who had a measurement of body composition by bioelectrical impedance analyses, performed in the HUG from 1990 until december 2011. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • weight
  • The current publication of AR 600-9 changed the name from "The Army Weight Control Program" to "The Army Body Composition Program" The Army Weight Control Program was first published on 1 September 1986. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the Soldier's maximum allowable weight-by-height is exceeded, the Soldier must undergo a "taping" process to measure the Soldier's Body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • A growing body of evidence indicates that excess body weight is associated with a wide range of health conditions, including respiratory diseases. (springer.com)
  • Longitudinal studies have shown that increases in body weight can lead to a reduction in pulmonary function. (springer.com)
  • Body weight and coronary disease risk: patterns of risk factor change associated with long-term weight change. (springer.com)
  • Body weight and weight gain related to pulmonary function decline in adults: a six year follow up study. (springer.com)
  • Quantifying human body composition has played an important role in monitoring all athlete performance and training regimens, but especially so in gravitational, weight class and aesthetic sports wherein the tissue composition of the body profoundly affects performance or adjudication. (springer.com)
  • Research has been focused on determining the net energy requirements for weight and body condition score change (NE Δ ) in beef cows to optimize reproductive performance and maximize profit. (purdue.edu)
  • This study aimed at targeting fixed increases in body weight (100 g/wk) by quantitatively regulating energy allowances (ME) in broiler breeders from 5 to 20 wks of age. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • The energy required for maintenance, activity and growth was calculated for 100 g increases in body weight/wk and a measured quantity of grower diet (160 g protein and 2,600 kcal ME/kg) was offered to the control group (ME-100) to achieve the anticipated weight gain. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • To assess the influence of low birth weight in full-term infants on body composition at school age. (scielo.br)
  • The metal includes powdered tungsten carbide, and binder metal consisting of a composition by weight of manganese in a range of about zero to 25 percent, nickel in a range of about zero to 15 percent, zinc in a range of. (google.com)
  • In another embodiment, the composition includes about 0-6 percent by weight of cobalt. (google.com)
  • 3. The composite structural metal as defined in claim 1 further comprising about 0 to 6 percent by weight of cobalt in the alloy composition. (google.com)
  • Carriers of the risk allele had a greater reduction in weight, body composition, and fat distribution in response to a high-protein diet, whereas an opposite genetic effect was observed on changes in fat distribution in response to a low-protein diet. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Our data suggest that a high-protein diet may be beneficial for weight loss and improvement of body composition and fat distribution in individuals with the risk allele of the FTO variant rs1558902. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Recently, several studies have examined the effect of the FTO -diet interaction on body weight, but the results are not entirely consistent. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • By use of the data from this trial, we evaluated whether various weight-loss diets might modify the effect of the FTO variant on weight loss and long-term changes in body composition and fat distribution. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The body wants to stay at a "set-point" weight and, to establish that, slows the metabolism and hangs on to fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • She describes those two defence mechanism of body as follows: The Famine Reaction is your body's way of protecting you from losing too much weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your body not only has a Famine Reaction that protects you from losing weight, it also has an ingenious mechanism - the Fat Brake - that helps protect you from gaining weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 44: 725-731 Association between smoking and body weight in the U.S. population: Analysis of NHANES II (1987) With Albanes, D.A., Jones D.Y., Mattson, M.E. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although they are not directly convertible into measures of overall body fat weight and density, and research has questioned the connection between skinfold fat and deep body fat measurements, these measures are and have been used as rough indicators of body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • An underweight person is a person whose body weight is considered too low to be healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Underweight people have a body mass index (BMI) of under 18.5 or a weight 15% to 20% below that normal for their age and height group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body weight may also be increased through the consumption of liquid nutritional supplements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gain in weight that can result of it comes from the anabolic overcompensation when the body recovers and overcompensates via muscle hypertrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • fixed effect
  • This was performed using mixed general linear models that included individual bird as random factor, breeding stage as the main fixed effect, and body mass as covariate if necessary. (sfu.ca)
  • approaches
  • Müller W. Towards research based approaches for solving body composition in sports: ski jumping as a heuristic example. (springer.com)
  • Simple techniques are adequate for many purposes, and simple regional data may often be of greater value than "whole body" values obtained by more sophisticated approaches. (bmj.com)
  • For this reason, when a drug is introduced into the body at a constant rate by intravenous therapy, it approaches a new steady concentration in the blood at a rate defined by its half-life. (wikipedia.org)
  • assessment
  • The main outcome measures were percent body fat, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and glucose intolerance based on the World Health Organization's 1985 criteria for an oral glucose tolerance test. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • To date, there is no universally applicable criterion or 'gold standard' methodology for body composition assessment. (springer.com)
  • changes
  • To compare within-individual changes from the nonbreeding to one-egg and chick-rearing stages, we used repeated-measures ANOVA and ANCOVA with body mass as a covariate when appropriate (for RMR and DEE). (sfu.ca)
  • Body composition changes in freely migrating and captive fasting Great Knots. (springer.com)
  • patients
  • At the end of the follow-up year, BMD, body-composition parameters, and physical activity of ALL patients were similar to those observed in matched control subjects. (aappublications.org)
  • Statistics: The relationship between body composition and mortality, in the total population and subgroups of patients with chronic diseases, will be evaluated by Cox regression, adjusted for age, gender and co-morbidities. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • ratio
  • RESULTS -Shorter height and leg length, and lower leg length-to-height ratio, were associated with higher percent body fat, especially in women. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In multinomial regression models adjusting for potential confounders, including percent body fat, the relative prevalence of type 2 diabetes per 1-SD lower values in height, leg length, and leg length-to-height ratio were 1.10 (95% CI 0.94-0.29), 1.17 (0.98-1.39), and 1.19 (1.02-1.39), respectively. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • protein
  • Future research will concentrate on determining protein levels in the diet necessary to achieve a target body condition score. (purdue.edu)
  • studies
  • Moreover, contrary to the studies in which treatment included cranial irradiation, 26 - 28 no long-term side effects on lean and fat body mass were found in these studies. (aappublications.org)
  • In addition, animal studies have suggested that FTO might differentially affect various body compositions and fat distribution at different depots ( 19 - 21 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • 1972) said "K is a scientific discipline that studies the body size, the proportionality, the performance of movement, the body composition and principal functions of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Only a few species with body lower than 100 g are totally or partially herbivores. (scielo.cl)
  • adults
  • Van den Berg-Emons HJ, Bussmann JB, Meyerink HJ et al (2003) Body fat, fitness and level of everyday physical activity in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele. (springer.com)
  • condition
  • Equations have been developed that allow producers to program the feeding of mature and primiparous cows to obtain a target body condition score. (purdue.edu)