Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.
The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.