Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.
Pathological processes involving the PROSTATE or its component tissues.
Formation of stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT, usually in the KIDNEY; URINARY BLADDER; or the URETER.
Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.
Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.
Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
A specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders and injuries and anatomic defects of the foot.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY TRACT in either the male or the female.
Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
Presence of blood in the urine.
A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and therapeutic services for the urologic patient.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and management of services provided for obstetric and gynecologic patients.
Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)