The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.
The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Participation of employees with management as a labor-management team, in decisions pertaining to the operational activities of the organization or industry.
Management of the internal organization of the hospital.
Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in a hospital.
Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.
Organizations representing designated geographic areas which have contracts under the PRO program to review the medical necessity, appropriateness, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. Peer Review Improvement Act, PL 97-248, 1982.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
Usually organized community efforts to raise money to promote financial programs of institutions. The funds may include individual gifts.
Materials that add an electron to an element or compound, that is, decrease the positiveness of its valence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Status not subject to taxation; as the income of a philanthropic organization. Tax-exempt organizations may also qualify to receive tax-deductible donations if they are considered to be nonprofit corporations under Section 501(c)3 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Those individuals engaged in research.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
The field of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of people in submarines or sealabs.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.