Retirement: The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.Pensions: Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Housing for the Elderly: Housing arrangements for the elderly or aged, intended to foster independent living. The housing may take the form of group homes or small apartments. It is available to the economically self-supporting but the concept includes housing for the elderly with some physical limitations. The concept should be differentiated from HOMES FOR THE AGED which is restricted to long-term geriatric facilities providing supervised medical and nursing services.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Personnel Turnover: A change or shift in personnel due to reorganization, resignation, or discharge.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.United StatesJob Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.FinlandSocial Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Insurance, Disability: Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Men: Human males as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Institutional Practice: Professional practice as an employee or contractee of a health care institution.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Insurance, Long-Term Care: Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.American Medical Association: Professional society representing the field of medicine.Eligibility Determination: Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Job Description: Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.JordanMedical Secretaries: Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.American Heart Association: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.ArchivesPhysicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Spouses: Married persons, i.e., husbands and wives, or partners. Domestic partners, or spousal equivalents, are two adults who have chosen to share their lives in an intimate and committed relationship, reside together, and share a mutual obligation of support for the basic necessities of life.