Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.UzbekistanOutsourced Services: Organizational activities previously performed internally that are provided by external agents.Personnel Loyalty: Dedication or commitment shown by employees to organizations or institutions where they work.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.BoliviaEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Legislation, Dental: Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.New JerseyRiots: A form of violent crowd behavior which expresses the emotional release of resentments and prejudices, usually relevant to grievances toward the social system.FloridaPrisons: Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.PrisonersBody Modification, Non-Therapeutic: The wounding of the body or body parts by branding, cutting, piercing (BODY PIERCING), or TATTOOING as a cultural practice or expression of creativity or identity.Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.Feminism: The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Political Systems: The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.Sterilization, Involuntary: Reproductive sterilization without the consent of the patient.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Consciousness: Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Consciousness Disorders: Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.Saudi ArabiaAirports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Arabia: The great peninsula of southwest Asia comprising most of the present countries of the Middle East. It has been known since the first millennium B.C. In early times it was divided into Arabia Petraea, the northwest part, the only part ever conquered, becoming a Roman province; Arabia Deserta, the northern part between Syria and Mesopotamia; and Arabia Felix, the main part of the peninsula but by some geographers restricted to modern Yemen. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p63)Railroads: Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.BostonConsultants: Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.Poetry as Topic: Literary and oral genre expressing meaning via symbolism and following formal or informal patterns.Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.