Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
A type of juvenile osteochondrosis affecting the fibrocartilaginous disc (INTERVERTEBRAL DISC) in the thoracic or thoracolumbar region of the SPINE. It is characterized by a forward concave SPINAL CURVATURE or KYPHOSIS.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot.
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
Distortion or disfigurement of the foot, or a part of the foot, acquired through disease or injury after birth.
The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
Manner or style of walking.
Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.
Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Walking aids generally having two handgrips and four legs.
Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
Sticks used as walking aids. The canes may have three or four prongs at the end of the shaft.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.
Devices which are very resistant to wear and may be used over a long period of time. They include items such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, artificial limbs, etc.
Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.
Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.
A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.