Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
Health Services Accessibility
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Mental Health Services
Organized services to provide mental health care.
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Health Services Research
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Delivery of Health Care
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Reproductive Health Services
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Rural Health Services
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Community Health Services
Child Health Services
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Health Care Surveys
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Quality of Health Care
Health Care Reform
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Community Mental Health Services
Maternal-Child Health Centers
Primary Health Care
Family Planning Services
Human Rights Abuses
Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.
Adolescent Health Services
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
Preventive Health Services
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Health Services for the Aged
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Health Services Administration
Occupational Health Services
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Attitude to Health
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
National Health Programs
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Public Health Administration
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Women's Health Services
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Urban Health Services
United States Public Health Service
The status of health in rural populations.
Health Services, Indigenous
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Home Care Services
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
Delivery of Health Care, Integrated
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Interviews as Topic
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
United States Indian Health Service
Health Care Rationing
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Health Plan Implementation
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
Attitude of Health Personnel
Regional Health Planning
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
Public Health Practice
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Dental Health Services
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Health Care Sector
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Health Status Disparities
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
United States Dept. of Health and Human Services
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
Catchment Area (Health)
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Community Health Centers
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Community Health Planning
Obstetric Labor Complications
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The status of health in urban populations.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
School Health Services
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
Student Health Services
Marketing of Health Services
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
Referral and Consultation
Emergency Medical Services
World Health Organization
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.