Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.
Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The charge levied on the consumer for drugs or therapy prescribed under written order of a physician or other health professional.
Fetal and neonatal addiction and withdrawal as a result of the mother's dependence on drugs during pregnancy. Withdrawal or abstinence symptoms develop shortly after birth. Symptoms exhibited are loud, high-pitched crying, sweating, yawning and gastrointestinal disturbances.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.
The granting of a license to practice pharmacy.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.
Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.
The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.
Agents that induce NARCOSIS. Narcotics include agents that cause somnolence or induced sleep (STUPOR); natural or synthetic derivatives of OPIUM or MORPHINE or any substance that has such effects. They are potent inducers of ANALGESIA and OPIOID-RELATED DISORDERS.
An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.
Automatic or hand operated equipment used to control and extinguish fires.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision.
The practice of replacing one prescribed drug with another that is expected to have the same clinical or psychological effect.
Hospital department responsible for the receiving, storing, and distribution of pharmaceutical supplies.
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.