It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.
Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.