Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.
Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.
Environment un-modified by human activity. Areas in which natural processes operate without human interference.
Schools for children usually under five years of age.
Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.
An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.
General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.
Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster's 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)
Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
Bed-like structures for transporting or temporarily holding patients.
Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
Bleeding from the nose.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)
Antisera used to counteract poisoning by animal VENOMS, especially SNAKE VENOMS.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Connective tissue comprised chiefly of elastic fibers. Elastic fibers have two components: ELASTIN and MICROFIBRILS.
Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Laboratory techniques that involve the in-vitro synthesis of many copies of DNA or RNA from one original template.
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.