Foreign Medical Graduates: Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.American Medical Association: Professional society representing the field of medicine.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Licensure, Medical: The granting of a license to practice medicine.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Newfoundland and Labrador: Province of Canada consisting of the island of Newfoundland and an area of Labrador. Its capital is St. John's.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.United StatesOsteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Personnel Administration, Hospital: Management activities concerned with hospital employees.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Education, Nursing, Graduate: Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.LebanonData Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Job Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Great BritainEducation, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Physicians, Family: Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.