Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.