That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.
An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)
Public Health Dentistry
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
Education, Dental, Graduate
The practice of dentistry as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Control, direction and financing of the total dental care of the population by a national government.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
General Practice, Dental
Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Dental Restoration, Permanent
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
Practice Management, Dental
Dental Service, Hospital
Hospital department providing dental care.
Comprehensive Dental Care
Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
Dentist's Practice Patterns
Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.
Dental Care for Aged
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
Dental Care for Children
Dental Care for Chronically Ill
Dental Care for Disabled
American Dental Association
Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
The granting of a license to practice dentistry.
Dental Cavity Preparation
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Education, Dental, Continuing
Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.
Surgical Procedures, Operative
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
United States Health Resources and Services Administration
Foreign Professional Personnel
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (U.S.)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It seeks to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information by conducting and supporting basic and clinical research. It was established in 1948 as the National Institute of Dental Research and re-named in 1998 as the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
Pit and Fissure Sealants
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.
Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.
Root Canal Therapy
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
School Admission Criteria
Group Practice, Dental
Dental Prosthesis Design
Process of restoring damaged or decayed teeth using various restorative and non-cosmetic materials so that oral health is improved.
Biography as Topic
Infection Control, Dental
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
Dental Implants, Single-Tooth
Devices, usually alloplastic, surgically inserted into or onto the jawbone, which support a single prosthetic tooth and serve either as abutments or as cosmetic replacements for missing teeth.
Patient Care Planning
Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)
Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.
Oral Surgical Procedures
Internship and Residency
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive
Denture, Partial, Fixed
Dental Implantation, Endosseous
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Dental Restoration Failure
Instructional materials used in teaching.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Attitude of Health Personnel
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal
Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Radiography, Dental, Digital
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
Dental Restoration, Temporary
Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.
Fracture Fixation, Internal
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
Manifest Anxiety Scale
Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported
Codes of Ethics
Individuals who fabricate and fit DENTURES without the supervision of DENTISTS. (from Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 27th ed) They may or may not have formal education in health sciences, but are well versed in the art of constructing dentures.