Deinstitutionalization: The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.Dehumanization: The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.Hospitals, Psychiatric: Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Mentally Disabled Persons: Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Economic Recession: Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)Sociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.Chlorpromazine: The prototypical phenothiazine antipsychotic drug. Like the other drugs in this class chlorpromazine's antipsychotic actions are thought to be due to long-term adaptation by the brain to blocking DOPAMINE RECEPTORS. Chlorpromazine has several other actions and therapeutic uses, including as an antiemetic and in the treatment of intractable hiccup.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Hospitals, State: Hospitals controlled by agencies and departments of the state government.Psychiatric Somatic Therapies: The biologic treatment of mental disorders (e.g., ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY), in contrast with psychotherapy. (Stone, American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988, p159)Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Dual MEDICAID MEDICARE Eligibility: Coordination of coverage eligibility of those individuals who are entitled to MEDICAID and MEDICARE.Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (U.S.): A component of the Department of Health and Human Services to oversee and direct the Medicare and Medicaid programs and related Federal medical care quality control staffs. Name was changed effective June 14, 2001.United StatesState Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Eligibility Determination: Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Group Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Posters as Topic: Single or multi-sheet notices made to attract attention to events, activities, causes, goods, or services. They are for display, usually in a public place and are chiefly pictorial.Solanum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for ATROPA BELLADONNA.PrisonersPrisons: Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Cell Lineage: The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Societies, Scientific: Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Homeless Persons: Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.EncyclopediasDictionaries, MedicalHomeless Youth: Runaway and homeless children and adolescents living on the streets of cities and having no fixed place of residence.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Rosaceae: The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.ArchivesBooksFruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Anthocyanins: A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.Book SelectionBook Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.