Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Vocational Guidance: Systematic efforts to assist individuals in selecting an occupation or suitable employment on the basis of aptitude, education, etc.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Mobility Limitation: Difficulty in walking from place to place.Job Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Aspirations (Psychology): Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay: An electrophoretic technique for assaying the binding of one compound to another. Typically one compound is labeled to follow its mobility during electrophoresis. If the labeled compound is bound by the other compound, then the mobility of the labeled compound through the electrophoretic medium will be retarded.Social Mobility: The movement or shifting of membership between or within social classes by individuals or by groups.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.High Mobility Group Proteins: A family of low-molecular weight, non-histone proteins found in chromatin.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Awards and PrizesGeneral Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Staff Development: The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.Job Application: Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Professional Autonomy: The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.American Nurses' Association: Professional society representing the field of nursing.Nephrology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the kidney.Societies, Nursing: Societies whose membership is limited to nurses.Nursing: The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Nursing, Practical: The practice of nursing by licensed, non-registered persons qualified to provide routine care to the sick.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.