All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.
One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The educational process of instructing.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.
Performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.
Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic biomedical research that is not targeted to specific diseases and funds studies on genes, proteins, and cells, as well as on fundamental processes like communication within and between cells and metabolism. It was established in 1962.
Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.
Financial support of research activities.
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)