Torsion of a wandering spleen with whorled appearance of the splenic hilum in CT scan.
An eight-year-old boy admitted for acute abdominal pain was diagnosed to have torsion of the spleen (TS) based on contrast enhanced computerised tomography (CECT) of the abdomen. CECT showed whorled appearance in the splenic hilum. Whorl sign' refers to the presence of a twisted splenic pedicle intermingled with fat, resulting in alternating circular bands of radiodensity and radiolucency and is considered diagnostic of TS. This is the fourth reported case of whorl sign in children with TS and the first from Malaysia. (+info)
An unusual case of hemoperitoneum owing to acute splenic torsion in a child with immunoglobulin deficiency.
Wandering spleen is an uncommon clinical entity, which rarely affects children and adolescents. It is usually described in adults, being most common in the multiparous women of childbearing age. A case of a 14-year-old girl with a past history of splenomegaly and immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency, who presented with a sudden onset of abdominal pain, is presented. Diagnosis of hemoperitoneum secondary to torsion of a wandering spleen was made by computed tomography scan and Doppler ultrasound. Laparoscopy revealed hemoperitoneum owing to a ruptured and infarcted spleen. Laparotomy was undertaken and open splenectomy was successfully performed. The patient was discharged after an uneventful postoperative course that was not punctuated by any major complication. Management of this rare surgical emergency is discussed. Based on the details of this case, the authors hypothesize that IgA deficiency causes splenomegaly, which in turn predisposes to ligamentous laxity and splenic torsion. (+info)
Recurrent abdominal pain in a woman with a wandering spleen.
A 28-year-old Malay woman presented with recurrent abdominal pain for five years. She had delivered her child seven months earlier. She was found to have bicytopenia, with a haemoglobin level of 7.9 g/dL and a platelet count of 85 x 10(9)/L. Computed tomography revealed a wandering spleen. Complications of a wandering spleen, for which splenectomy is advocated, include functional asplenia (due to torsion of the splenic pedicle), splenic infarction or splenic vessel thrombosis. A splenectomy was performed and at operation, splenomegaly with a long mesentery was found. Splenic histology was negative for malignancy. The bicytopenia resolved postoperatively, and she remains well. (+info)
Laparoscopic mesh splenopexy (sandwich technique) for wandering spleen.
BACKGROUND: Wandering spleen is a rare clinical condition caused by incomplete fusion of the 4 primary splenic ligaments, allowing the spleen to be mobile within the abdomen, predisposing to splenic torsion along the vascular pedicle leading to splenomegaly and infarction, often diagnosed in an emergency setting. METHODS: The wandering spleen diagnosis was achieved by ultrasound in our case. We successfully treated the patient with laparoscopic splenopexy because the size was almost normal, and no infarction or evidence of hypersplenism was present. We used the sandwich technique in which 2 meshes sandwich the spleen. RESULTS: This technique was found to be highly satisfactory as a treatment for wandering spleen. The patient was discharged on the third postoperative day with no intraoperative or postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopy usually confirms the diagnosis. Recommended surgical procedures are splenopexy or splenectomy. Splenopexy is feasible, less invasive, and does not diminish splenic function. (+info)
Wandering spleen presenting as recurrent pancreatitis.
INTRODUCTION: A wandering spleen occurs when there is a laxity of the ligaments that fix the spleen in its normal anatomical position. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a wandering spleen in a 20-year-old female who presented with recurrent pancreatitis and underwent a laparoscopic splenectomy. DISCUSSION: The presentation of a wandering spleen varies from an asymptomatic mass to splenic infarct with an acute abdomen. Its correct diagnosis relies mostly on imaging studies. Treatment consists of performing either splenectomy or splenopexy. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of wandering spleen can often be difficult due to the intermittent nature of the torsion. Computed tomography studies for diagnosis and laparoscopic surgery have changed the management of this interesting disease. (+info)
Sonographic diagnosis of a subclinical wandering spleen: role of the decubitus position.
A wandering spleen is a rare condition. It is usually diagnosed when abdominal pain develops secondary to splenic torsion. Although splenic hypermobility is the pathognomonic feature of a wandering spleen, it is rarely revealed by imaging in the subclinical stage. We report 3 patients with a subclinical wandering spleen who had incidental sonographic findings of splenomegaly. Gray scale and color Doppler sonography in the right decubitus position can easily show the migratory nature and perfusion status of a wandering spleen in real time. (+info)
Wandering spleen in a child with symptoms of acute abdomen: ultrasonographic diagnosis. Case report.
We report the initial and follow-up ultrasonography (US) findings in a pediatric case of wandering spleen with symptoms of acute abdomen, as a rare entity. A four-year-old boy was referred with complaints of blunt abdominal pain, vomiting and fatigue. US detected an oval- shaped, mildly enlarged spleen with inferomedial displacement. In right lateral decubitus, the spleen showed further medial displacement. Five months later, control US revealed further enlargement of the displaced spleen. Seven months later, due to acute torsion of the spleen, splenectomy was performed. (+info)