Littorachalcone, a new enhancer of NGF-mediated neurite outgrowth, from Verbena littoralis.
A new dihydrochalcone dimer, 2',4',3",2"',4"'-pentahydroxy-4-O-4"-tetrahydrobichalcone, given the name littorachalcone, was isolated from the aerial parts of Verbena littoralis H. B. K. along with two known flavonoids 4'-hydroxywogonin and 8,3'-dimethoxy-5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone. Littorachalcone caused a significant enhancement of nerve growth factor-mediated neurite outgrowth from PC12D cells. (+info)
A new iridoid glycoside with nerve growth factor-potentiating activity, gelsemiol 6'-trans-caffeoyl-1-glucoside, from Verbena littoralis.
A new iridoid glycoside, gelsemiol 6'-trans-caffeoyl-1-glucoside (1), was isolated from Verbena littoralis, together with four known phenylethanoid glycosides, acteoside (2), 2'-acetylacteoside (3), jionoside (4), and isoverbascoside (5). Their structures were elucidated by spectral data. Compound 1 showed weak enhancement of nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated neurite outgrowth from PC12D cells. (+info)
New iridoid glucosides from the aerial parts of Verbena brasiliensis.
Two new iridoid glucosides, verbenabraside A (1) and verbenabraside B (2), were isolated from the aerial parts of Verbena brasiliensis VELL., along with six known iridoid glucosides, gelsemiol 3-O-beta-D-glucoside (3), verbraside (4), 9-hydroxysemperoside (5), griselinoside (6), aralidioside (7), and 6alpha-hydroxyforsythide dimethyl ester (8), three known phenylethanoid glycosides, 2-phenylethyl O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (9), acteoside (10), and leucosceptoside A (11), two known lignan glucosides, dihydroxymethyl-bis(3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl) tetrahydrofuran-9 (or 9')-O-beta-glucopyranoside (12) and (+)-lyoniresinol 3alpha-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (13), a known methyl salicylate glucoside, methyl 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylbenzoate (14), and two known sterols, beta-sitosterol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (15) and beta-sitosterol (16). Their chemical structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data. Compound 1 exhibited stronger scavenging effect on the stable free radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl than that of alpha-tocopherol. (+info)
A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of the effect of a combination of lemon verbena extract and fish oil omega-3 fatty acid on joint management.
Study on in-vivo anti-tumor activity of Verbena officinalis extract.
We investigated the anti-tumor effects of Verbena officinalis extract on H22 tumor-bearing mice and its effect on immune function. Mice model of H22 solid tumor was established, the mice were divided into five groups and administered the extract, later, tumors were removed and inhibition rates were calculated; spleens were removed and spleen indices were calculated, and the sheep red blood cell-delayed-type hypersensitivity (SRBC-DTH) and the serum hemolysin level were determined. The Verbena officinalis extract had anti-tumor effect, with the inhibition rate reaching 38.78%, it also increased the spleen index to a certain extent, in addition, the changes in DTA and HA were not obvious compared with the model group. The Verbena officinalis extract had in vivo anti-tumor effect, while causing no damage on the immune function. (+info)