(1/196) Blood gases and sex hormones in women with and without genital descensus.
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in connective tissue and spirometric disorders have previously been found in women with genital descensus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of descensus and respiratory function. METHODS: The blood gases and sex hormones were measured in 130 women scheduled for surgical correction of descensus and 60 matched women without descensus. All subjects were nonsmokers and without past or present cardiorespiratory disease. RESULTS: Women with descensus had a lower pH (7.39+/-0.04 vs. 7.41+/-0.04, p = 0.01), lower arterial tensions of oxygen (12.7+/-12. vs. 14.1+/-0.9 kPa, p = 0.003) and carbon dioxide (5.1+/-0.4 vs. 5.3+/-0.3 kPa) but a higher hemoglobin concentration (141+/-11 vs. 132+/-9 g/l) and a higher serum progesterone in the follicular phase of the cycle (3.1+/-4 vs. 1.5+/-1 ng/ml, p = 0.03). In 39 (30%) women with descensus, the arterial carbon dioxide tension was below 4.9 kPa. All subjects ventilated more in the luteal compared to the follicular phase of the cycle. In women with descensus, the hemoglobin concentration increased with decreasing arterial oxygen tension (p = 10(-4)) and with decreasing pH (p<10(-3)). CONCLUSION: Women with descensus frequently hyperventilate and, compared with women without descensus, have a lower arterial oxygen tension, increased hemoglobin concentration and slightly lower pH. (+info)
(2/196) Extension of extramammary Paget disease of the vulva to the cervix.
Extramammary Paget disease of the vulva was found in association with vulval adenocarcinoma in an elderly woman who also had a uterine prolapse. The characteristic histological appearances of extramammary Paget disease were masked by striking reactive changes in the squamous epithelium. Primary excision of both the intraepithelial and invasive disease appeared complete. However, a subsequent hysterectomy with repair of the prolapse revealed extramammary Paget disease in the upper vaginal mucosa and cervix, a finding which is very rarely described. Pathogenesis and diagnosis of extramammary Paget disease is discussed, with differential diagnosis and reference to immunohistochemical methods. (+info)
(3/196) Rupture of the rectosigmoid colon with evisceration of the small bowel through the anus.
Spontaneous rupture of the rectosigmoid colon and herniation of the small intestine through the rupture site and eventual evisceration through the anus is a very rare event. In the literature, only 42 cases have been reported. The majority of them occurred in patients with rectal prolapse and one case was reported in association with a third-degree uterine prolapse. We experienced an 81-year-old female patient with rectal prolapse and second-degree uterine prolapse complicated by spontaneous perforation of the rectosigmoid colon and anal evisceration of the small intestine. Segmental resection of the nonviable small intestine, primary repair of the ruptured rectosigmoid colon, and sigmoid loop colostomy were performed, and the patient recovered well. In our patient, both rectal and uterine prolapses cooperatively damaged the anterior wall of the rectosigmoid colon and resulted in perforation. So, rectal and uterine prolapses should be treated before the complication develops. In this patient, uterine prolapse should be treated because of the recurrence of this rare episode. (+info)
(4/196) Practical use of the pessary.
The pessary is an effective tool in the management of a number of gynecologic problems. The pessary is most commonly used in the management of pelvic support defects such as cystocele and rectocele. Pessaries can also be used in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence. The wide variety of pessary styles may cause confusion for physicians during the initial selection of the pessary. However, an understanding of the different styles and their uses will enable physicians to make an appropriate choice. Complications can be minimized with simple vaginal hygiene and regular follow-up visits. (+info)
(5/196) Sprengels deformity: anaesthesia management.
A 28 years old lady presented with Sprengels deformity and hemivertebrae for Fothergills surgery. Clinically there were no anomalies of the nervous, renal or the cardiovascular systems. She had a short neck and score on modified Mallapati test was grade 2. She was successfully anaesthetised using injection Propofol as a total intravenous anaesthetic agent after adequate premedication with injection Midazolam and injection Pentazocine. Patient had an uneventful intraoperative and postoperative course. (+info)
(6/196) Vaginal vault suspension and enterocele repair by Richardson-Saye laparoscopic technique: description of training technique and results.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the Richardson-Saye technique for laparoscopic vaginal vault suspension and enterocele repair (vaginal apex reconstruction) and the appropriate training needed for performance of this technique. METHODS: Before using this technique, Drs Carter, Winter, and Mendelsohn first received training by observation of skilled surgeons performing the procedure, attending courses, and finally being tutored and proctored by Dr Saye on the appropriate performance of the technique. They then used this technique to surgically treat eight patients, 42 to 85 years of age, mean age 62 years, between March and September of 1999. RESULTS: We included eight patients in this study who underwent the Saye-Richardson vaginal vault suspension and enterocele repair (apical vaginal vault reconstruction) by the suture technique. In all patients at six-month follow-up, the vaginal apex remains intact and well supported. We describe here the entire vaginal vault suspension and enterocele repair procedure with all its relevant details. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic reconstruction of the disrupted vaginal apex followed by reattachment to the previously broken uterosacral ligament with the use of permanent suture provides a secure and anatomically correct vault suspension. Before performing this technique, physicians should undergo proper training, including observation, courses, tutoring, and proctorship by a surgeon experienced in performing this technique. (+info)
(7/196) Sexual life after gynaecological operations--II.
(8/196) The standardization of terminology for researchers in female pelvic floor disorders.
The lack of standardized terminology in pelvic floor disorders (pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and fecal incontinence) is a major obstacle to performing and interpreting research. The National Institutes of Health convened the Terminology Workshop for Researchers in Female Pelvic Floor Disorders to: (1) agree on standard terms for defining conditions and outcomes; (2) make recommendations for minimum data collection for research; and (3) identify high priority issues for future research. Pelvic organ prolapse was defined by physical examination staging using the International Continence Society system. Stress urinary incontinence was defined by symptoms and testing; 'cure' was defined as no stress incontinence symptoms, negative testing, and no new problems due to intervention. Overactive bladder was defined as urinary frequency and urgency, with and without urge incontinence. Detrusor instability was defined by cystometry. For all urinary symptoms, defining 'improvement' after intervention was identified as a high priority. For fecal incontinence, more research is needed before recommendations can be made. A standard terminology for research on pelvic floor disorders is presented and areas of high priority for future research are identified. (+info)