Oral tuberculosis. (1/20)

Although rare, doctors and dentists should be aware of the possible occurrence of oral lesions of tuberculosis and consider them in the differential diagnosis of suspicious oral ulcers.  (+info)

Kuttner tumor of the submandibular gland: fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings of seven cases. (2/20)

Kuttner tumor or chronic sclerosing sialadenitis is a benign inflammatory condition of the submandibular gland that mimics a malignant neoplasm clinically because of presentation as a hard mass. This is an underrecognized entity in the surgical pathology and cytology literature. We describe thefine-needle aspiration cytologic findings of 7 cases with histologic correlation. The 6 men and 1 woman (age, 47-72 years) had unilateral (4 cases) or bilateral (3 cases) submandibular masses known to be present for 1 month to 6 years (mean, 15 months). The aspirates were paucicellular to moderately cellular. They were characterized by scattered tubular ductal structures often enveloped by collagen bundles or lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, isolated fragments of fibrous stroma, a background rich in lymphoid cells, and paucity or absence of acini. Histologic examination of the excised submandibular glands revealed preserved lobular architecture, thickening of interlobular septa by sclerotic tissue, dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, preservation of ducts with periductal fibrosis, and variable loss of acini. In combination with the clinical findings, the fine-needle aspiration cytologic findings can strongly suggest the diagnosis of Kuttner tumor and may obviate the need of surgical intervention.  (+info)

Tuberculosis of the parotid gland: sonographic manifestations and sonographically guided aspiration. (3/20)

OBJECTIVE: Involvement of the parotid gland by tuberculosis (TB) is rare. If treated properly, the prognosis of TB of the parotid gland is good. In this retrospective study, we report our experience with sonography and sonographically guided aspiration in the diagnosis of parotid TB. METHODS: Over 12 years, 9 adults (mean age, 48 years) with parotid gland TB had been examined with high-resolution sonography and color Doppler sonography for their clinical problems of swelling on the mandibular angle. Sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration was done for cytologic study, stains for acid-fast bacilli, and cultures for mycobacterium. RESULTS: The sonographic patterns were classified as chiefly the parenchymal type (4 patients) and chiefly the periparotid type (5 patients). The parenchymal type appeared as a diffusely enlarged, comparatively hypoechoic gland (compared with the contralateral asymptomatic gland), with or without focal intraparotid nearly anechoic zones, which might have a cavity or cavities within it. The periparotid type appeared as hypoechoic nodules located in the peripheral zone of the hyperechoic parotid gland, consistent with enlarged periglandular lymph nodes. The diagnosis of parotid TB was made in 8 of 9 patients on the basis of sonographically guided aspiration for acid-fast bacilli stains, cytologic study, and cultures for mycobacterium. CONCLUSIONS: Sonographic examination contributes substantially in the diagnosis of parotid TB infection. In the presence of diffuse parotid echo pattern changes with periparotid lymphadenopathy, and with or without focal hypoechoic zones, TB infection should be differentiated. Sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration may provide further diagnostic information by means of stains, cultures, and cytologic study.  (+info)

Lingual ulcer as the only sign of recurrent mycobacterial infection in an HIV/AIDS-infected patient. (4/20)

The report describes an HIV/AIDS patient seen at a referral center in Mexico City, in whom a mycobacterial infection in the oral mucosa, probably tuberculosis (TB) was identified. The purpose is to describe the clinical and histological findings in an HIV-infected patient, who after being treated successfully for tuberculous lymphangitis 4 years ago, presented with a lingual ulcer as the only suggestive sign of recurrence of mycobacterial infection, probably M. tuberculosis. A 39-year-old man seen in the HIV clinic of the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion "Salvador Zubiran" in Mexico City since 1991 for HIV infection. In 1999 the patient developed tuberculous lymphangitis; he was managed with a 4-drug regimen for 12 months, with improvement of local and systemic symptoms. In May of 2003, the patient presented a painful superficial lingual ulcer, 0.7 cm in diameter, well circumscribed, crateriform with slightly elevated, irregular and indurated borders, of 4 months duration. The histopathological examination showed chronic granulomatous inflammation with giant multinucleated cells, suggestive of mycobacterial infection, and recurrence of TB was considered. Rifampin, isoniazide, pyrazinamide, ethambutol and streptomycin were administered. The lingual lesion improved with partial healing at the first week and total remission at 45 days after the beginning of the antituberculous treatment. In June, 2003, the patient began highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) that included two NRTIs and one NNRTI. At 7 months of follow-up, the patient remains free of lingual lesions. The particularity of the present case is that the lingual ulcer was the only sign of infection by mycobacteria, suggestive of TB, in an HIV/AIDS patient that probably represented a recurrence of a previous episode.  (+info)

Primary oral tuberculosis: report of two cases. (5/20)

Oral lesions of tuberculosis though uncommon, are seen in both the primary and secondary stages of the disease. In secondary tuberculosis, the oral manifestations may be accompanied by lesions in the lungs, lymph nodes, or in any other part of the body and can be detected by a systemic examination. Primary oral tuberculosis may present as a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. Here we report two patients with primary tuberculosis in the oral cavity who presented to the dental department, were diagnosed and referred for medical management.  (+info)

Primary tuberculous gingival enlargement: a rare entity. (6/20)

With the advent of effective drug therapy, tuberculous lesions of the oral cavity have become so rare that they are frequently forgotten. Primary gingival tuberculosis is extremely rare and usually manifests as ulcer. We report the first case of primary tuberculosis manifesting as gingival enlargement, which was the only presenting sign of tuberculosis. Diagnosis was based on histopathology (hematoxin and eosin staining), complete blood count, polymerase chain reaction assay and immunologic investigation with the detection of antibodies against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The possibility of gingival enlargement due to drugs, leukemia, fungus and sarcoidosis was ruled out. Antituberculous therapy over 6 months was followed by surgical excision of the residual enlargement under local anesthesia. After 1-year follow-up there was no recurrence of the disease. This case emphasizes the need for dentists to include tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis of gingival enlargement so that they may play a role in its early detection.  (+info)

Tuberculous ulcer of tongue with oral complications of oral antituberculosis therapy. (7/20)

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease affecting humans of all ages in all parts of the world. The dentist plays an important role in the identification and control of this condition by early recognition of oral lesions that may precede the detection of the pulmonary form. Occurrence of increased incidence of mycobacterial infections as a part of the spectrum of AIDS only emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis. A case of a tuberculous ulcer on the tongue along with oral ulcerations, which occurred as a consequence of oral antituberculosis therapy (ATT), is presented. Such complications have rarely been reported in the literature and the management of these is described herein. The tuberculous ulcer healed uneventfully in five weeks after institution of ATT and the other ATT-induced ulcers healed after a week of topical anesthetic application. The clinical presentations, differential diagnoses to be considered, and management of such oral manifestations is discussed. The occupational risk posed by TB to the dentist and appropriate precautions to be observed have been highlighted.  (+info)

Primary isolated gingival tuberculosis. (8/20)

Tuberculosis of the oral cavity is a rare event and when present is usually secondary to pulmonary tuberculosis. We present a case of a 33-year-old male patient who presented with symptoms of gingivitis. Local examination revealed multiple ulcers and a few nodules over the gingiva. A nodule biopsy was consistent with the diagnosis of gingival tuberculosis. The patient had no evidence of tuberculosis any where else in the body. Medical treatment was curative. As this condition is very rare, it is often over looked as it is never thought as a common clinical diagnosis. A biopsy is mandatory to establish diagnosis. The relevant literature is reviewed.  (+info)