Trapeziometacarpal subluxation predisposes to incident trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis (OA): the Framingham Study. (1/13)

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the thumb carpo-metacarpal joint is a common condition that can lead to substantial pain, instability, deformity, and loss of motion. It has been hypothesized that instability of the trapeziometacarpal joint combined with strenuous use can potentially lead to OA. However, as yet there have been no longitudinal evaluations to determine if this hypothesis is true. We examined the relation of radial subluxation to the risk of radiographic OA at trapeziometacarpal joint. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study. We restricted our evaluation of cases to subjects with no radiographic trapeziometacarpal OA at baseline (1967). We defined incident trapeziometacarpal OA as the development of a modified Kellgren and Lawrence grade>or=2 in that joint at a later examination (1992-1993). Radial subluxation of the base of the first metacarpal off the trapezium and the amount of the base of the first metacarpal covering the articulating surface of the trapezium were measured using a digital calculation caliper. We examined the relation of gender-specific quartile groups of radial subluxation to the risk of trapeziometacarpal OA using a conditional logistic regression model. RESULTS: We assessed 203 men and 431 women. After adjusting for age, handedness, number of other joints with OA, and grip strength, the odds ratios for the risk of trapeziometacarpal OA in men were 1.0, 1.8, 2.7, and 3.1 from the lowest quartile of radial subluxation to the highest quartile, respectively (P for trend=0.015). There was no significant relationship between radial subluxation quartiles and incident trapeziometacarpal OA in women. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that radial subluxation predisposes to subsequent OA of the trapeziometacarpal joint in men.  (+info)

Long term results of surgical intervention for osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint : comparison of resection arthroplasty, trapeziectomy with tendon interposition and trapezio-metacarpal arthrodesis. (2/13)

Trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis is a common entity, often bilateral and predominantly affecting postmenopausal women. In the case of failure of conservative treatment, surgery is a good option. The aim of this study was to compare three surgical procedures. 63 patients (74 thumbs) with osteoarthritis of the trapezio-metacarpal joint were surgically treated; 54 patients were seen for follow-up, 7 had died and 2 were lost to follow-up. The patients were stratified according to treatment; resection arthroplasty (the joint surface's of the metacarpal and the trapezium are resected) (18 thumbs), trapeziectomy with tendon interposition (17 thumbs) or trapezio-metacarpal arthrodesis (28 thumbs). Baseline characteristics were comparable in the three groups for mean age at operation, Eaton classification, left right distribution and dominant hands operated. The average follow-up was 13 years for the resection group, 8 years for the trapeziectomy group and 9 years for the arthrodesis group. No statistically significant difference between the three groups was found for the visual analogue pain and satisfaction scale, pain frequency nor DASH score. Patients in the trapeziectomy group had significantly less pain compared to the arthrodesis group (p=0.025). Statistically, radial abduction was significantly better after trapeziectomy compared to resection arthroplasty (p<0.01) or arthrodesis (p=0.01). There was no difference among the three groups in grip and tip pinch strength nor in pain on palpation. None of the patients in the trapeziectomy group needed a re-operation, one patient in the resection arthroplasty group had a re-operation, and 22 patients in the arthrodesis group had one or more re-operations for hardware removal or because of a complication. This study shows that the resection arthroplasty has equally good long term results compared to trapeziectomy combined with tendon interposition or arthrodesis. Resection arthroplasty is performed through a single incision and is technically simple. In our clinic resection arthroplasty is therefore the preferred technique for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint.  (+info)

Identification of two accessory muscle bundles with anomalous insertions in the flexor side of the right forearm. (3/13)

During dissection practice held at Kyorin University School of Medicine in 2004, two anomalous muscles were observed on the Rt-forearm-flexor-side of an 83-year-old man. The results of this investigation are reported. One accessory muscle originated from the tendinous insertion of the biceps brachii and medial epicondyle. After passing through the deep layer of the pronator teres, it became tendinous, passing towards the trapezium and second metacarpal base. Its two origins fused superficial to the ulnar artery distal to the cubital fossa, and it merged with the deep region of the pronator teres. More distally, the accessory muscle formed a belly before again becoming tendinous and bifurcated, one branch attaching to the trapezium and the other fusing with the belly of the second accessory muscle. These findings suggested that this accessory muscle was similar to Gantzer's muscle. The other accessory muscle arose distal to the origin of the flexor pollicis longus and inserted onto the second metacarpal base. In addition, from the distal side of its origin, a small muscle bundle was formed and became tendinous. It fused with the insertion tendon of the first accessory muscle to the trapezium. The second accessory muscle was thought to be deep radial carpal flexor.  (+info)

Congenital fusion of the trapezium and trapezoid. (4/13)

We report an unusual case of carpal coalition between trapezium and trapezoid in a 54-year-old man who was diagnosed after a pain in left wrist following a night's sleep. The patient was otherwise asymptomatic.  (+info)

Prognostic factors for the recovery of hand function following trapeziectomy with ligamentoplasty stabilisation. (5/13)

 (+info)

A simulating analysis of the effects of increased joint stiffness on muscle loading in a thumb. (6/13)

 (+info)

Biomechanics of the transverse carpal arch under carpal bone loading. (7/13)

 (+info)

An evidence-based approach to treating thumb carpometacarpal joint arthritis. (8/13)

 (+info)