Congenital thyroid disease revisited: migrational anomalies and dyshormonogenesis. (1/123)

Nuclear medicine scintigraphy, in conjunction with other diagnostic tools, plays a vital role in assessing patients with congenital migrational anomalies. We present 5 patients, 4 of whom were hypothyroid and 1 patient who was euthyroid. Scintigraphic and ultrasonographic images were examined and correlated with laboratory results. These patients demonstrate the spectrum of migrational anomalies of the thyroid. Nuclear medicine scintigraphy was a valuable aid in establishing the location of the ectopic thyroid as well as its function.  (+info)

Lingual haematoma: yet another unusual cause of upper airway obstruction. (2/123)

An episode of acute upper airway obstruction was caused by a lingual haematoma, when a patient with end stage renal failure suffered a hypocalcaemic fit and bit his tongue. The large haematoma and profuse bleeding caused the patient to obstruct and become hypoxic, and rendered laryngoscopy and intubation impossible, requiring an urgent tracheostomy to secure the airway.  (+info)

Cystic echinococcosis of the tongue leading to diagnosis of multiple localizations. (3/123)

The tongue is a rare site of localization of cystic echinococcosis. We report a 3-year-old patient with cystic echinococcosis of the tongue demonstrated by histopathology. The cyst of the tongue was surgically removed. The tongue lesion led us to find additional liver and lung cystic lesions that were successfully treated with albendazole therapy.  (+info)

Radiologic-pathologic correlation of unusual lingual masses: Part I: congenital lesions. (4/123)

Because the tongue is superficially located and the initial manifestation of most diseases occurring there is mucosal change, lingual these lesions can be easily accessed and diagnosed without imaging analysis. Most congenital lesions of the tongue, however, can manifest as a submucosal bulge and be located in a deep portion of that organ such as its base; their true characteristics and extent may be recognized only on cross-sectional images such as those obtained by CT or MRI. In addition, because it is usually difficult to differentiate congenital lesions from other submucosal neoplasms on the basis of imaging findings alone, clinical history and physical examination should always be taken into consideration when interpreting CT and MR images of the tongue. Although the radiologic findings for congenital lesions are nonspecific, CT and MR imaging can play an important role in the diagnostic work-up of these unusual lesions. Delineation of the extent of the tumor, and recognition and understanding of the spectrum of imaging and the pathologic features of these lesions, often help narrow the differential diagnosis.  (+info)

Maxillofacial cysticercosis: uncommon appearance of a common disease. (5/123)

OBJECTIVE: To highlight the sonographic appearances of cysticercosis involving uncommon muscular sites. METHODS: Two patients with nodular swelling involving the tongue and maxillary region were examined with high-resolution sonography. RESULTS: Sonographic examination revealed an anechoic area with a small calcified scolex suggesting cysticercus infection. CONCLUSIONS: High-resolution sonography is a noninvasive and nonionizing imaging modality that plays an important role in establishing the diagnosis of cysticercosis.  (+info)

Lingual cysticercosis--a case report. (6/123)

Cysticercosis is unlikely to be the first diagnosis for a swelling over the tongue. In this report we document an unusual case of lingual cysticercosis presenting as an isolated lesion.  (+info)

Focal lingual dystonia, urinary incontinence, and sensory deficits secondary to low voltage electrocution: case report and literature review. (7/123)

Electrocution injuries are well reported in review articles and cases of high voltage electrocution injury are abundant. However, reports of low voltage electrocution injury are few. A case is presented of low voltage shock from a 120 volt AC source with presentation, acute and chronic course, and a five year follow up. The patient experienced several unusual complications of low voltage electrocution: a persistent right tongue deviation, which initially presents as an isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy, but subsequently manifests as a focal lingual dystonia; total body paresthesia with urinary incontinence; and persistent sensory deficits to the face and tongue.  (+info)

Intramuscular lipomatosis of tongue. (8/123)

A rare case of intramuscular lipomatosis of the tongue with intramuscular invasion in a 42 year old man is presented. The literature is reviewed and the clinical features, pathology, and treatment are discussed briefly.  (+info)